breeze

Definition from Wiktionary, the free dictionary
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See also: Breeze

English[edit]

English Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /bɹiːz/
  • (file)
  • Rhymes: -iːz

Etymology 1[edit]

Unknown. Attested since 1555, from the earlier (nautical) term brise, brize (breeze).

Variously supposed to derive from a Germanic source like Saterland Frisian Briese (breeze), West Frisian brys (a cool wind), Dutch bries (breeze), early Dutch brysen (to blow cool and fresh), or from Spanish brisa (northeast wind).[1][2]

The earliest attestations are in Catalan brisa and Italian brezza (both in 15th century), Spanish (1504) and Portuguese briza (16th century) aren't lagging behind a lot, while aforementioned Dutch cognates and French brise are attested later than the term in English. The only internal hypothesis for any of those languages is a corruption of Old Occitan bisa (strong wind), which is not widely accepted.

Possibly related to Albanian breshër (hail).

Alternative forms[edit]

Noun[edit]

breeze (plural breezes)

  1. A light, gentle wind.
    The breeze rustled the papers on her desk.
    • (Can we date this quote?)Lua error in Module:utilities at line 136: Language code has not been specified. Please pass parameter 1 to the template. William Wordsworth
      Into a gradual calm the breezes sink.
    • 1907, Robert William Chambers, chapter V, in The Younger Set (Project Gutenberg; EBook #14852), New York, N.Y.: D. Appleton & Company, published 1 February 2005 (Project Gutenberg version), OCLC 24962326:
      Breezes blowing from beds of iris quickened her breath with their perfume; she saw the tufted lilacs sway in the wind, and the streamers of mauve-tinted wistaria swinging, all a-glisten with golden bees; she saw a crimson cardinal winging through the foliage, and amorous tanagers flashing like scarlet flames athwart the pines.
  2. (figuratively) Any activity that is easy, not testing or difficult.
    After studying Latin, Spanish was a breeze.
  3. (cricket) Wind blowing across a cricket match, whatever its strength.
  4. Ashes and residue of coal or charcoal, usually from a furnace. See Wikipedia article on Clinker.
  5. An excited or ruffled state of feeling; a flurry of excitement; a disturbance; a quarrel.
    The discovery produced a breeze.
Synonyms[edit]
Coordinate terms[edit]
Translations[edit]
See also[edit]

Verb[edit]

breeze (third-person singular simple present breezes, present participle breezing, simple past and past participle breezed) (intransitive)

  1. (usually with along) To move casually, in a carefree manner.
  2. (weather) To blow gently.
    • 2014 January 21, Hermione Hoby, “Julia Roberts interview for August: Osage County – 'I might actually go to hell for this ...': Julia Roberts reveals why her violent, Oscar-nominated performance in August: Osage County made her feel 'like a terrible person' [print version: 'I might actually go to hell for this ...' (18 January 2014, p. R4)]”, in The Daily Telegraph (Review)[1]:
      She's sitting opposite a window that's gently breezing into her face, wafting her hair into cover-girl perfection ...
  3. To take a horse under a light run in order to understand the running characteristics of the horse and to observe it while under motion.
Translations[edit]
The translations below need to be checked and inserted above into the appropriate translation tables, removing any numbers. Numbers do not necessarily match those in definitions. See instructions at Wiktionary:Entry layout#Translations.

References[edit]

  1. ^ breeze” in Dictionary.com Unabridged, Dictionary.com, LLC, 1995–present.
  2. ^ breeze” in Merriam-Webster Online Dictionary

Etymology 2[edit]

From Middle English brese, from Old English brēosa, variant of Old English brimsa (gadfly), from Proto-Germanic *bremusī (gadfly), from Proto-Indo-European *bʰerem- (to make a noise, buzz, hum). Cognate with Dutch brems (horsefly, warblefly), German Bremse (gadfly, horsefly), Danish bremse (gadfly, horsefly), Swedish broms (gadfly, horsefly). Related also to Middle English brimse (gadfly), French brize (gadfly), Old English bremman (to rage, roar), Latin fremō (roar, snort, growl, grumble). See also bream.

Alternative forms[edit]

Noun[edit]

breeze (plural breezes)

  1. A gadfly; a horsefly.
  2. A strong-bodied dipterous insect of the family Tabanidae.

Verb[edit]

breeze (third-person singular simple present breezes, present participle breezing, simple past and past participle breezed)

  1. (intransitive) To buzz.

Anagrams[edit]