서울

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Jeju[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Cognate with Korean 서울 (seoul), from Sillan 徐羅伐 (서라벌 (Seorabeol)).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

서울 (seoul)

  1. capital

Proper noun[edit]

서울 (Seoul)

  1. Seoul (the capital city of South Korea)

References[edit]

  • 서울” in Jeju's culture and language, Digital museum.

Korean[edit]

Etymology[edit]

First attested in the Yongbi eocheonga (龍飛御天歌 / 용비어천가), 1447, as Middle Korean 셔〯ᄫᅳᆯ (Yale: syěWùl).

Also attested in the Bullyu dugongbu si eonhae (分類杜工部詩諺解 / 분류두공부시언해), 1481, as Middle Korean 셔〯욿 (Yale: syěwùlh).

Perhaps derived from Sillan 徐羅伐 (서라벌 (Seorabeol)). Compare also North Gyeongsang 서월 (Seowol).

Pronunciation[edit]

  • (SK Standard/Seoul) IPA(key): [sʰʌ̹uɭ]
    • (file)
  • Phonetic hangeul: []
Romanizations
Revised Romanization?Seoul
Revised Romanization (translit.)?Seoul
McCune–Reischauer?Sŏul
Yale Romanization?Sewul

Noun[edit]

서울 (seoul)

  1. (dated) capital; large city
    파리 프랑스 서울이다.
    Parineun Peurangseuui seourida.
    Paris is the capital of France.
    우리나라 서울 서울이다.
    Urinaraui seoureun Seourida.
    The capital of our country (i.e. Korea) is Seoul.
    Synonym: 수도(首都) (sudo)

See also[edit]

Proper noun[edit]

Wikipedia-logo.png
 서울특별시 on Korean Wikipedia

서울 (Seoul)

  1. Seoul (the capital city of South Korea)
    서울 가요.
    Seoure gayo.
    (I am, you are, he is, etc.) going to Seoul. / Let's go to Seoul
    (file)

Usage notes[edit]

  • Unlike the majority of Korean place names, 서울 (seoul) doesn't have a hanja form and is only written in hangeul.

Descendants[edit]

  • Chinese: 首爾首尔 (Shǒu'ěr)
  • Japanese: ソウル
  • French: Séoul
  • Norwegian Bokmål: Seoul

See also[edit]