- (Seogwipo) 서월 (seowol)
- “서울” in Jeju's culture and language, Digital museum.
First attested in the generic "capital" sense in the Samguk yusa (三國遺事 / 삼국유사), 1281:
The modern sense of "Seoul" is simply because Seoul was the capital of Korea from 1394 onwards.
As mentioned in the Samguk yusa, the sense of "capital" is most likely a generalization of the Old Korean place name referring specifically to the capital of Silla, the ancient state which unified Korea. This place name was transcribed using various Chinese characters, most often 徐羅伐 (Middle Korean Syelapel, modern Seorabeol). This appears to be a compound of:
Hence the word may originally have meant "the town of the Silla".
|Revised Romanization (translit.)?||Seoul|
서울 • (seoul)
서울 • (Seoul)
- Unlike the majority of Korean place names, 서울 (seoul) doesn't have a hanja form and is only written in hangeul.
- → Chinese: 首爾／首尔 (Shǒu'ěr)
- → English: Seoul (possibly through a French-based romanization)
- → French: Séoul
- → English: Seoul (possible)
- → Japanese: ソウル
- → Norwegian Bokmål: Seoul
- → Spanish: Seúl