首爾

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Chinese[edit]

 
head; chief; first (occasion)
head; chief; first (occasion); first (thing); measure word for poems
phonetic
trad. (首爾)
simp. (首尔)
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Etymology[edit]

Borrowed from Korean 서울 (Seoul). The first character (shǒu, “first”) is a phono-semantic matching of Korean.[1]

Pronunciation[edit]


Proper noun[edit]

首爾

  1. () Seoul (the capital city of South Korea)

Synonyms[edit]

Usage notes[edit]

  • 漢城汉城 (Hànchéng) was the name used for the city until 2005, when the city government changed its official Chinese name to 首爾首尔 (Shǒu'ěr). 漢城汉城 (Hànchéng) remains to be used in unofficial settings.
  • The use of the original name 漢城汉城 (Hànchéng) is dispreferred in both Koreas. The name 首爾首尔 (Shǒu'ěr) was specifically designed for transliterating the Korean name 서울 (Seoul) into modern Standard Chinese and is not a Korean hanja (Sino-Korean) representation of the city name, which doesn't have a hanja form.

References[edit]

  1. ^ 李源 (2014 April 27) , ““汉城”是如何改名为“首尔””, in 成都商报[1], archived from the original on 31 March 2019, retrieved 18 January 2020