First attested in Middle English: from Late Latin mētropolis, from Ancient Greek μητρόπολις (mētrópolis, “mother city”), from μήτηρ (mḗtēr, “mother”) + πόλις (pólis, “city (state)”). Doublet of metropole.
- (Received Pronunciation) IPA(key): /mɪˈtɹɒ.pə.lɪs/
- (General American) IPA(key): /məˈtɹɑ.pə.lɪs/
- (weak vowel merger) IPA(key): /məˈtɹɑ.pə.ləs/
Audio (US) (file)
- Rhymes: -ɒpəlɪs
- Hyphenation: me‧tro‧po‧lis
- (history, especially Ancient Greece) The mother (founding) polis (city state) of a colony.
- 2010, James Mahoney, Colonialism and Postcolonial Development: Spanish America in Comparative Perspective:
- Colonies certainly did not become "clones" of their metropolises, but it is equally false that their colonial heritages were not influenced by the organization of the metropolises.
- A large, busy city, especially as the main city in an area or country or as distinguished from surrounding rural areas.
- Coordinate term: capital city
- 1946, George Johnston, Skyscrapers in the Mist, page 52:
- [I]t would not be very much less absurd for someone to write about New York City after having spent only a few years or a few decades in this metropolis of inexhaustible adventure, of terrifying emotional fecundity, of uncapturable character.
- 1983, “Sleeper in Metropolis”, in Changing Places, performed by Anne Clark:
- Love is dead in metropolis / All contact through glove or partition
- (Orthodox Christianity) The see of a metropolitan bishop, ranking above its suffragan diocesan bishops.
- Synonym: archbishopric
- (ecology) A generic focus in the distribution of plants or animals.
- The translations below need to be checked and inserted above into the appropriate translation tables. See instructions at Wiktionary:Entry layout § Translations.
- Hyphenation: me‧tro‧po‧lis
- (Classical) IPA(key): /meːˈtro.po.lis/, [meːˈt̪rɔpɔlʲɪs̠]
- (modern Italianate Ecclesiastical) IPA(key): /meˈtro.po.lis/, [meˈt̪rɔːpolis]
Third-declension noun (Greek-type, i-stem, i-stem).
1Found sometimes in Medieval and New Latin. The accusative singular mētropolem and the ablative singular mētropole occur in Medieval and New Latin.
- Catalan: metròpoli
- French: métropole
- Italian: metropoli
- Piedmontese: metròpol
- Portuguese: metrópole
- Spanish: metrópoli
- English: metropolis, metropole
- German: Metropolis
- “metropolis”, in Charlton T. Lewis and Charles Short (1879) A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press
- metropolis in Gaffiot, Félix (1934) Dictionnaire illustré latin-français, Hachette, page 974
- metropolis in Charles du Fresne du Cange’s Glossarium Mediæ et Infimæ Latinitatis (augmented edition with additions by D. P. Carpenterius, Adelungius and others, edited by Léopold Favre, 1883–1887)
- “metropolis”, in Harry Thurston Peck, editor (1898) Harper's Dictionary of Classical Antiquities, New York: Harper & Brothers
- “metropolis”, in William Smith, editor (1854, 1857) A Dictionary of Greek and Roman Geography, volume 1 & 2, London: Walton and Maberly
- “metropolis”, in William Smith et al., editor (1890) A Dictionary of Greek and Roman Antiquities, London: William Wayte. G. E. Marindin
“colonia”, in William Smith et al., editor (1890) A Dictionary of Greek and Roman Antiquities, London: William Wayte. G. E. Marindin
metròpolis m (Cyrillic spelling метро̀полис)