metro

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English[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From French métro, clipping of métropolitain (from Ancient Greek μήτηρ (mḗtēr, mother) + πόλις (pólis, city)), as in the Chemin de fer métropolitain, an early name for the Paris Métro. This name was a direct translation of "Metropolitan Railway", which was the original name of the earliest part of the London Underground, constructed in 1863.

Alternative forms[edit]

Noun[edit]

metro (plural metros)

  1. (general) A rapid transit rail transport system, or a train in such systems, generally underground and serving a metropolitan area.
    Synonyms: (US, Canada, Scotland, South Africa) subway, (London) underground, underground railway, (London slang) Tube, tube
    • 2000, Frederick Parkins, The NATO Opposition, →ISBN, page 27:
      Recalling that Davide Lungo returned the van at the airport, Pizo descended the nearby stairs to the underground metro, and boarded the next metro stopping there.
    • 2014, Lily Sergueiew, I Worked Alone: Diary of a Double Agent in World War II Europe, →ISBN:
      I hurry to the underground. ... I am waiting for the next metro; I'll take it.
    • 2017, Pam Taylor, 399 Days: Our European Escapade, →ISBN:
      What we entered into here was well lit and had clean silver curvy walls that ended in nice automatic elevators that took you underground. The walls are not infested with graffiti and advertisements; they were clean and shiny. We waited on nice benches until the metro arrived.
  2. (less common) An urban rapid transit rail transport system, normally with lighter track and light trains (i.e. an S-Bahn or similar), or a train in such systems.
    • 2006, C. A. Brebbia, V. Dolezel, Urban Transport XII: Urban Transport and the Environment in the 21st Century, page 227:
      Informs how long the passenger has to wait for the next metro
    • 2008, Brandon Wilson, Along the Templar Trail: Seven Million Steps for Peace, →ISBN, page 75:
      With the weather clear and warm for a change, I decided to catch the next metro to the outskirts of town by myself.
    • 2015, Pratyush Sinha, Love in Metro: Story of Love and Ego, →ISBN:
      I boarded the Yellow Line Metro, beaming with confidence. I got down at Rajiv Chowk to continue my journey towards Noida City Centre (NCC). The next metro arrived.
Derived terms[edit]
Translations[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

Abbreviation of metropolitan.

Noun[edit]

metro (plural metros)

  1. A metropolitan area.

Adjective[edit]

metro (comparative more metro, superlative most metro)

  1. metropolitan

Anagrams[edit]


Aragonese[edit]

Noun[edit]

metro m

  1. metre

Catalan[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Clipping of metropolità.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

metro m (plural metros)

  1. metro (train)

Further reading[edit]


Crimean Tatar[edit]

Noun[edit]

metro

  1. metro, underground railway.

Declension[edit]

References[edit]

  • Mirjejev, V. A.; Usejinov, S. M. (2002) Ukrajinsʹko-krymsʹkotatarsʹkyj slovnyk [Ukrainian – Crimean Tatar Dictionary]‎[1], Simferopol: Dolya, →ISBN

Czech[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

metro n

  1. metro, subway (underground railway)

Declension[edit]


Dutch[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Borrowed from French métro, from métropolitain in chemin de fer métropolitain.

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /ˈmeː.troː/
  • (file)
  • Hyphenation: me‧tro

Noun[edit]

metro m (plural metro's, diminutive metrootje n)

  1. An underground railway or underground-railway system, a subway, a metro.
  2. An underground-railway train.

Derived terms[edit]


Esperanto[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

metro (accusative singular metron, plural metroj, accusative plural metrojn)

  1. metre (unit of measurement)
  2. metrum of poetry

Finnish[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /ˈmetro/, [ˈme̞t̪ro̞]
  • Audio:(file)
  • Rhymes: -etro
  • Syllabification(key): met‧ro

Noun[edit]

metro

  1. an underground, a subway, a Tube or a metro
    Synonym: maanalainen

Declension[edit]

Inflection of metro (Kotus type 1/valo, no gradation)
nominative metro metrot
genitive metron metrojen
partitive metroa metroja
illative metroon metroihin
singular plural
nominative metro metrot
accusative nom. metro metrot
gen. metron
genitive metron metrojen
partitive metroa metroja
inessive metrossa metroissa
elative metrosta metroista
illative metroon metroihin
adessive metrolla metroilla
ablative metrolta metroilta
allative metrolle metroille
essive metrona metroina
translative metroksi metroiksi
instructive metroin
abessive metrotta metroitta
comitative metroineen
Possessive forms of metro (type valo)
possessor singular plural
1st person metroni metromme
2nd person metrosi metronne
3rd person metronsa

Anagrams[edit]


Ido[edit]

Ido Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia io

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

metro (plural metri)

  1. metre (unit of measurement)
  2. metrum of poetry

Italian[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

Italian Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia it

From Latin metrum (a measure), from Ancient Greek μέτρον (métron).

Noun[edit]

metro m (plural metri)

  1. (unit of measure) metre, meter
  2. ruler, ruler, measure
  3. yardstick, criterion
Derived terms[edit]
Related terms[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

Clipping of metropolitana.

Noun[edit]

metro f (invariable)

  1. subway (US), underground (UK), Tube (the London underground)
    Synonym: metrò

Anagrams[edit]


Latin[edit]

Noun[edit]

metrō

  1. dative/ablative singular of metrum

Polish[edit]

Polish Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia pl

Etymology[edit]

Borrowed from French métro, clipping of métropolitain, from Ancient Greek μήτηρ (mḗtēr, mother) + πόλις (pólis, city).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

metro n

  1. underground, subway, metro (underground railway)

Declension[edit]

Further reading[edit]

  • metro in Wielki słownik języka polskiego, Instytut Języka Polskiego PAN
  • metro in Polish dictionaries at PWN

Portuguese[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /ˈmɛ.tɾu/, [ˈmɛ.tɾu]

  • Hyphenation: me‧tro

Etymology 1[edit]

From French mètre, from Latin metrum, from Ancient Greek μέτρον (métron, measure).

Noun[edit]

metro m (plural metros)

  1. metre (unit of measurement)
Derived terms[edit]
Descendants[edit]
  • Kadiwéu: meetilo

Etymology 2[edit]

From French métro, clipping of métropolitain.

Alternative forms[edit]

Noun[edit]

metro m (plural metros)

  1. (Portugal) underground, subway
    Synonym: metropolitano

Romanian[edit]

Noun[edit]

metro n (plural metrouri)

  1. Alternative form of metrou

Declension[edit]


Serbo-Croatian[edit]

Noun[edit]

mètrō m (Cyrillic spelling мѐтро̄)

  1. metro

Declension[edit]


Slovak[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From French métro.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

metro n (genitive singular metra, nominative plural metrá, genitive plural metier, declension pattern of mesto)

  1. metro

Declension[edit]

Further reading[edit]

  • metro in Slovak dictionaries at slovnik.juls.savba.sk

Spanish[edit]

Self-retracting metal tape measure (US customary)
A sliced tape measure

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /ˈmetɾo/, [ˈme.t̪ɾo]

Etymology 1[edit]

Spanish Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia es

From French mètre, from Ancient Greek μέτρον (métron, measure).

Noun[edit]

metro m (plural metros)

  1. (units of measure) meter
  2. (measuring instruments) tape measure, measuring tape
    Synonym: cinta métrica
  3. (measuring instruments) folding rule
    Synonym: metro plegable
Derived terms[edit]
Descendants[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

Spanish Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia es

From French métro, clipping of métropolitain, from Ancient Greek μήτηρ (mḗtēr, mother) + πόλις (pólis, city).

Noun[edit]

metro m (plural metros)

  1. (transport) metro
    Synonym: (Argentina) subte

Anagrams[edit]

Further reading[edit]


Tagalog[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Borrowed from Spanish metro.

Noun[edit]

metro

  1. (units of measure) meter
  2. (measuring instrument) meter

Turkish[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From French métro.

Noun[edit]

metro (definite accusative metroyu, plural metrolar)

  1. subway

Etymology 2[edit]

From Italian metro.

Noun[edit]

metro (definite accusative metroyu, plural metrolar)

  1. meter, metre

References[edit]

  • Nişanyan, Sevan (2002–), “metro”, in Nişanyan Sözlük
  • Avery, Robert et al., editors (2013) The Redhouse Dictionary Turkish/Ottoman English, 21st edition, Istanbul: Sev Yayıncılık, →ISBN

Veps[edit]

Etymology[edit]

(This etymology is missing or incomplete. Please add to it, or discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.)

Noun[edit]

metro

  1. metro (underground railway)

Inflection[edit]

Inflection of metro
nominative sing. metro
genitive sing. metron
partitive sing. metrod
partitive plur. metroid
singular plural
nominative metro metrod
accusative metron metrod
genitive metron metroiden
partitive metrod metroid
essive-instructive metron metroin
translative metroks metroikš
inessive metros metroiš
elative metrospäi metroišpäi
illative ? metroihe
adessive metrol metroil
ablative metrolpäi metroilpäi
allative metrole metroile
abessive metrota metroita
comitative metronke metroidenke
prolative metrodme metroidme
approximative I metronno metroidenno
approximative II metronnoks metroidennoks
egressive metronnopäi metroidennopäi
terminative I ? metroihesai
terminative II metrolesai metroilesai
terminative III metrossai
additive I ? metroihepäi
additive II metrolepäi metroilepäi

References[edit]

  • Zajceva, N. G.; Mullonen, M. I. (2007), “метро”, in Uz’ venä-vepsläine vajehnik / Novyj russko-vepsskij slovarʹ [New Russian–Veps Dictionary], Petrozavodsk: Periodika