mesto

Definition from Wiktionary, the free dictionary
Jump to navigation Jump to search
See also: město and mestò

English[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Borrowed from Italian mesto and used as a tempo mark

Adjective[edit]

mesto (not comparable)

  1. (music) sad, mournful

Adverb[edit]

mesto (not comparable)

  1. (music) mournfully

Anagrams[edit]


Galician[edit]

Etymology[edit]

13th century. From Old Galician and Old Portuguese mesto, from Latin mixtus (mixed). Doublet of misto. Cognate with Portuguese misto, Spanish misto.[1]

Pronunciation[edit]

Adjective[edit]

mesto m (feminine singular mesta, masculine plural mestos, feminine plural mestas)

  1. dense, thick, packed
    Millo mesto vai no cesto, millo raro vai no carro
    Corn too densely sown produces less than when allowed more space
    (literally, “Packed corn goes in the basket, scarce corn goes in the cart”)
    • c1350, Kelvin M. Parker (ed.), Historia Troyana. Santiago: Instituto Padre Sarmiento, page 96:
      cõmo quer que ja quanto lle daua hũa pouca de fealdade as sobrõçellas que avia mestas et juntas.
      as the only thing that was a little ugly about her were her eyebrows, which were thick and united
    Antonym: raro
  2. mixed

References[edit]

  • mesto” in Dicionario de Dicionarios do galego medieval, SLI - ILGA 2006–2022.
  • mesto” in Xavier Varela Barreiro & Xavier Gómez Guinovart: Corpus Xelmírez - Corpus lingüístico da Galicia medieval. SLI / Grupo TALG / ILG, 2006–2018.
  • mesto” in Dicionario de Dicionarios da lingua galega, SLI - ILGA 2006–2013.
  • mesto” in Tesouro informatizado da lingua galega. Santiago: ILG.
  • mesto” in Álvarez, Rosario (coord.): Tesouro do léxico patrimonial galego e portugués, Santiago de Compostela: Instituto da Lingua Galega.
  1. ^ Pensado, José Luis; Messner, Dieter (2003), “mesto”, in Bachiller Olea: Vocabulos gallegos escuros: lo que quieren decir (Cadernos de Lingua: anexos; 7), A Coruña: Real Academia Galega / Galaxia, →ISBN.

Ingrian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Borrowed from Russian вместо (vmesto).

Pronunciation[edit]

Preposition[edit]

mesto (+ partitive)

  1. instead of
    • 1937, N. A. Iljin, Lukukirja: Inkeroisia alkușkouluja vart (kolmas osa), Leningrad: Riikin Ucebno-pedagogiceskoi Izdateljstva, page 17:
      Kuhu puuttui konna-reisumees mesto lounatta?
      Where did the travelling frog arrive instead of the south?

References[edit]

  • Ruben E. Nirvi (1971) Inkeroismurteiden Sanakirja, Helsinki: Suomalais-Ugrilainen Seura, page 306

Italian[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Latin maestus.

Pronunciation[edit]

Adjective[edit]

mesto (feminine mesta, masculine plural mesti, feminine plural meste, superlative mestissimo)

  1. sad
    Synonym: triste
Related terms[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Verb[edit]

mesto

  1. first-person singular present indicative of mestare

References[edit]

  1. ^ mesto in Luciano Canepari, Dizionario di Pronuncia Italiana (DiPI)

Serbo-Croatian[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Slavic *město.

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /mêsto/
  • Hyphenation: me‧sto

Noun[edit]

mȅsto n (Cyrillic spelling ме̏сто)

  1. place (location, position)
  2. space
  3. a settlement (usually between a village and a town in size)

Declension[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

Preposition[edit]

mȅsto (Cyrillic spelling ме̏сто) (+ genitive case)

  1. instead of
    Synonym: ùmesto

Quotations[edit]


Slovak[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Slavic *město.

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /ˈme̞s.to̞/
  • Hyphenation: mes‧to

Noun[edit]

mesto n (genitive singular mesta, nominative plural mestá, genitive plural miest, declension pattern of mesto)

  1. city
  2. town

Declension[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

Further reading[edit]

  • mesto in Slovak dictionaries at slovnik.juls.savba.sk

Slovene[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Slavic *město.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

mẹ́sto n

  1. place, location
  2. town (settlement)

Inflection[edit]

Neuter, hard
nom. sing. mésto
gen. sing. mésta
singular dual plural
nominative mésto mésti mésta
accusative mésto mésti mésta
genitive mésta mést mést
dative méstu méstoma méstom
locative méstu méstih méstih
instrumental méstom méstoma mésti

Further reading[edit]

  • mesto”, in Slovarji Inštituta za slovenski jezik Frana Ramovša ZRC SAZU, portal Fran

Spanish[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Latin mixtus. Doublet of mixto.

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /ˈmesto/, [ˈmes.t̪o]

Adjective[edit]

mesto (feminine mesta, masculine plural mestos, feminine plural mestas)

  1. mixed
    Synonyms: mezclado, mixto

Further reading[edit]