μήτηρ

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Ancient Greek[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Hellenic *mā́tēr (compare Mycenaean Greek 𐀔𐀳𐀩 (ma-te-re), Doric μᾱ́τηρ (mā́tēr)), from Proto-Indo-European *méh₂tēr. Cognates include Phrygian ματαρ (matar), Old Armenian մայր (mayr), Latin māter, Old Persian 𐎶𐎠𐎫𐎠 (mātā), Avestan 𐬨𐬁𐬙𐬀𐬭 (mātar), Sanskrit मातृ (mā́tṛ), Old Church Slavonic мати (mati), and Old English mōdor (English mother).

Pronunciation[edit]

 
  • (5th BCE Attic) IPA(key): /mɛ̌ː.tɛːr/
  • (1st CE Egyptian) IPA(key): /ˈme.ter/
  • (4th CE Koine) IPA(key): /ˈmi.tir/
  • (10th CE Byzantine) IPA(key): /ˈmi.tir/
  • (15th CE Constantinopolitan) IPA(key): /ˈmi.tir/
  • Noun[edit]

    μήτηρ (mḗtērf (genitive μητέρος or μητρός); third declension

    1. mother
    2. source or origin

    Inflection[edit]

    Descendants[edit]

    Further reading[edit]