μήτηρ

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Ancient Greek[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Hellenic (cf. Mycenaean Greek 𐀔𐀳𐀩 (ma-te-re), Doric μάτηρ (mátēr)), from Proto-Indo-European *méh₂tēr. Cognates include Phrygian ματαρ (matar), Old Armenian մայր (mayr), Latin māter, Old Persian 𐎶𐎠𐎫𐎠 (mātā), Avestan mātar, Sanskrit मातृ (mā́tṛ), Old Church Slavonic мати (mati), and Old English mōdor (English mother).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

μήτηρ (mētēr) (genitive μητέρος or μητρός); f, third declension;

  1. mother
  2. source or origin

Usage notes[edit]

The singular genitive and dative are often contracted to μητρός and μητρί respectively.

Descendants[edit]

References[edit]