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Translingual[edit]

Stroke order
育-bw.png

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Pictogram (象形) – a woman giving birth. Originally a woman squatting on left, with child head down on right, with lines (川) below head (hair, coming out). Etymology clearer in alternative form (woman 母 on left, upside down child 㐬 on right; the top part is an abstracted body with a head at the bottom; compare ).

Significantly simplified and abstracted in large seal and seal script: woman eliminated, lines 川 re-interpreted as ribs (, ), thence simplified to .

Historical forms of the character
Small seal script
育-seal.svg

Han character[edit]

(radical 130 +4, 8 strokes, cangjie input 卜戈月 (YIB), four-corner 00227, composition𠫓)

  1. produce, give birth to
  2. educate

Related characters[edit]

See also[edit]

  • ( ) (etymologically unrelated, common simplification)

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 976, character 14
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 29318
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1427, character 27
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 3, page 2052, character 5
  • Unihan data for U+80B2

Chinese[edit]

simp. and trad.

Pronunciation[edit]

Dialectal pronunciations ()
Variety Location
Mandarin Beijing /y⁵¹/
Harbin /y⁵³/
Tianjin /y⁵³/
Jinan /y²¹/
Qingdao /y⁴²/
Zhengzhou /y³¹²/
Xi'an /y⁴⁴/
Xining /y²¹³/
Yinchuan /y¹³/
Lanzhou /y¹³/
Ürümqi /y²¹³/
Wuhan /iəu²¹³/
Chengdu /yo³¹/
/y³¹/
Guiyang /iu²¹/
Kunming /iu³¹/
Nanjing /ʐuʔ⁵/
Hefei /yəʔ⁵/
Jin Taiyuan /yəʔ²/
Pingyao /yʌʔ¹³/
Hohhot /yəʔ⁴³/
Wu Shanghai /ɦioʔ¹/
/ɦyɪʔ¹/
Suzhou /ioʔ⁵/
Hangzhou /ɦioʔ²/
Wenzhou /j̠ɤu²¹³/
Hui Shexian /iuʔ²¹/
Tunxi /iu⁵/
Xiang Changsha /ʐəu²⁴/
Xiangtan /iəɯ²⁴/
Gan Nanchang /ȵiuʔ⁵/
Hakka Meixian /iuk̚¹/
Taoyuan /ʒɔk̚⁵⁵/
Cantonese Guangzhou /jok̚²/
Nanning /juk̚⁵⁵/
Hong Kong /juk̚²/
Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /iɔk̚⁵/
Fuzhou (Min Dong) /yʔ⁵/
Jian'ou (Min Bei) /y²⁴/
Shantou (Min Nan) /iok̚⁵/
Haikou (Min Nan) /zok̚⁵/
Middle Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Character (), Pronunciation 1/1

Initial: (36)
Final: (4)
Tone: Checked (Ø)

Openness: Open
Division: III
Fanqie:

Expected Mandarin reflex: yù
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Pan
Wuyun
Shao
Rongfen
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Li
Rong
Wang
Li
Bernard
Karlgren
/jɨuk̚/ /jiuk̚/ /iuk̚/ /juwk̚/ /iuk̚/ /jĭuk̚/ /i̯uk̚/
Old Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character Modern Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle Chinese Old Chinese English
‹ yuwk › /*m-quk/ breed, produce

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

  • Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
  • Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
  • Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
  • Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;
  • Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
15984 1 /*luɡ/

Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(grade 3 “Kyōiku” kanji)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.

Readings[edit]

Compounds[edit]

  • 教育 ‎(きょういく, kyōiku, education)

Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

‎(yuk) (hangeul , revised yuk, McCune-Reischauer yuk, Yale yuk)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.

Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(dục)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.