京都

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Chinese[edit]

capital; Beijing (abbrev.)
 
metropolis; capital city; all
metropolis; capital city; all; both (if two things are involved); entirely; even; already
simp. and trad.
(京都)

Etymology[edit]

“Kyoto”
Orthographic borrowing from Japanese 京都 (Kyōto).

Pronunciation[edit]



Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1 1/1
Initial () (28) (5)
Final () (111) (23)
Tone (調) Level (Ø) Level (Ø)
Openness (開合) Open Open
Division () III I
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/kˠiæŋ/ /tuo/
Pan
Wuyun
/kᵚiaŋ/ /tuo/
Shao
Rongfen
/kiaŋ/ /to/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/kiajŋ/ /tɔ/
Li
Rong
/kiɐŋ/ /to/
Wang
Li
/kĭɐŋ/ /tu/
Bernard
Karlgren
/ki̯ɐŋ/ /tuo/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
jīng
Expected
Cantonese
Reflex
ging1 dou1

Noun[edit]

京都

  1. (literary) capital city (of a country)

Usage notes[edit]

When translating the English term capital city, use 首都 (shǒudū) when referring to the capital of a country, 首府 (shǒufǔ) when referring to the capital of a state or autonomous region, and 省會省会 (shěnghuì) when referring to the capital of a province. Alternative terms for the capital of a country include 國都国都 (guódū), 京城 (jīngchéng), 京都 (jīngdū), 京邑 (jīngyì) and 都城 (dūchéng) all of which are more commonly used in literary language.

Synonyms[edit]

edit

Descendants[edit]

Sino-Xenic (京都):
  • Japanese: 京都(きょうと) (Kyōto)

See also[edit]

Proper noun[edit]

京都

  1. () Kyoto (a city in Kyoto Prefecture, Japan)
  2. (~府) Kyoto (a prefecture of Japan)

Japanese[edit]

Kanji in this term
きょう
Grade: 2

Grade: 3
goon kan’on
Alternative spelling
京都 (kyūjitai)

Etymology[edit]

/kjauto//kjɔːto//kjoːto/

From Middle Chinese 京都 (MC kˠiæŋ tuo, literally “capital city”).

Pronunciation[edit]

Proper noun[edit]

(きょう)() (Kyōtoきやうと (kyauto)?

  1. a placename, especially:
    1. Short for 京都府 (Kyōto-fu): Kyoto, Kyoto Prefecture (a prefecture of Japan)
    2. Short for 京都市 (Kyōto-shi): Kyoto (the capital city of Kyoto Prefecture, Japan)
      Synonyms: (Kyō), 京の都 (Kyō no miyako)
  2. a surname
  3. a female given name

Derived terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]

See also[edit]


Okinawan[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Japanese 京都 (Kyōto).

Pronunciation[edit]

Proper noun[edit]

京都 (hiragana ちょーとぅ, rōmaji Chōtu)

  1. Kyoto (a prefecture of Japan)
  2. Kyoto (the capital city of Kyoto Prefecture, Japan)

References[edit]

  • チョートゥ” in Okinawa Center of Language Study, Shuri-Naha Dialect Dictionary.
  • 沖縄語辞典 (Okinawago Jiten, “Okinawan Dictionary”)[1], 1963

Vietnamese[edit]

Hán tự in this term

Proper noun[edit]

京都

  1. Hán tự form of Kinh Đô (Kyoto)., a prefecture of Japan
  2. Hán tự form of Kinh Đô (Kyoto)., the capital city of Kyoto Prefecture, Japan