京師

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See also: 京师

Chinese[edit]

capital capital
trad. (京師)
simp. (京师)

Etymology[edit]

According to Gongyang Zhuan, Duke Huan's 9th year:

京師天子天子 [MSC, trad.]
京师天子天子 [MSC, simp.]
Jīngshī zhě hé? Tiānzǐ zhī jū yě. Jīng zhě hé? Dà yě. Shī zhě hé? Zhòng yě. Tiānzǐ zhī jū, bì yǐ zhòngdà zhī cí yán zhī. [Pinyin]
What is jīngshī ("京師")? It's where the Son of Heaven dwells. What is jīng("京")? It means greatness ("大"). What is shī ("師")? It means the multitude ("眾"). Where the Son of Heaven dwells surely should be called by the diction for the multitude's greatness ("眾大").

Pronunciation[edit]



Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1 1/1
Initial () (28) (21)
Final () (111) (17)
Tone (調) Level (Ø) Level (Ø)
Openness (開合) Open Open
Division () III Chongniu III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/kˠiæŋ/ /ʃˠiɪ/
Pan
Wuyun
/kᵚiaŋ/ /ʃᵚi/
Shao
Rongfen
/kiaŋ/ /ʃiɪ/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/kiajŋ/ /ʂji/
Li
Rong
/kiɐŋ/ /ʃji/
Wang
Li
/kĭɐŋ/ /ʃi/
Bernard
Karlgren
/ki̯ɐŋ/ /ʂi/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
jīng shī
Expected
Cantonese
Reflex
ging1 si1
BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1 1/2 2/2
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
jīng shī shī
Middle
Chinese
‹ kjæng › ‹ srij › ‹ srij ›
Old
Chinese
/*[k]raŋ/ /*srij/ /*srij/
English hill; capital city army master

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1 1/1
No. 6828 11433
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
0 2
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*kraŋ/ /*sri/

Noun[edit]

京師

  1. (literary) capital city; the capital

Synonyms[edit]

edit

Descendants[edit]

Sino-Xenic (京師):
  • Vietnamese: kinh sư (京師)