corporal

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English[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

  • (UK) IPA(key): /ˈkɔː.pɹəl/, /ˈkɔː.pɜ.ɹəl/
  • (US) enPR: kôr'pər-əl, kôr'prəl, IPA(key): /ˈkɔɹ.pɝ.əl/, /ˈkɔɹ.pɹəl/
  • (file)

Etymology 1[edit]

From Old French corporal (French corporel), from Latin corporālis, from Latin corpus (body); compare corporeal.

Adjective[edit]

corporal (not comparable)

  1. (archaic) Having a physical, tangible body; material, corporeal.
    • 1603-06, Macbeth: Ac.1 Sc3, Wm. Shakespeare.
      Into the air; and what seem'd corporal melted as breath into the wind.
  2. Of or pertaining to the body, especially the human body; bodily.
    corporal punishment, corporal suffering
  3. (zoology) Pertaining to the body (the thorax and abdomen), as distinguished from the head, limbs and wings, etc.
    • 1998, Rüdiger Riehl, Aquarium Atlas, volume 3, page 572:
      The smaller 9 9 have less elongated fins, drabber corporal colors, and more transparent fins.
Synonyms[edit]
Translations[edit]
The translations below need to be checked and inserted above into the appropriate translation tables, removing any numbers. Numbers do not necessarily match those in definitions. See instructions at Wiktionary:Entry layout#Translations.
Derived terms[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

From French caporal, probably influenced by corporal (above), from the Italian caporale, from capo (head, leader) from the Latin caput (head).

Noun[edit]

corporal (plural corporals)

  1. (military) A non-commissioned officer army rank with NATO code OR-4. The rank below a sergeant but above a lance corporal and private.
  2. A non-commissioned officer rank in the police force, below a sergeant but above a private or patrolman.
  3. (mining, historical) A worker in charge of the wagonway, reporting to the deputy.

Synonyms[edit]

Derived terms[edit]
Translations[edit]

Etymology 3[edit]

From the Latin corporale, the neuter of corporalis representing the doctrine of transubstantiation in which the Eucharist becomes the body of Christ.

Noun[edit]

corporal (plural corporals)

  1. (ecclesiastical) The white linen cloth on which the elements of the Eucharist are placed; a communion cloth.
    • 1891, Oscar Wilde, chapter XI, in The Picture of Dorian Gray:
      He had [] many corporals, chalice-veils, and sudaria
Derived terms[edit]
Translations[edit]

Asturian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Latin corporālis.

Adjective[edit]

corporal (epicene, plural corporales)

  1. corporal, bodily

Catalan[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Latin corporālis.

Adjective[edit]

corporal (masculine and feminine plural corporals)

  1. corporal

Noun[edit]

corporal m (plural corporals)

  1. corporal (linen cloth)

Galician[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Latin corporālis.

Adjective[edit]

corporal m, f (plural corporais)

  1. corporal, bodily

Noun[edit]

corporal m (plural corporais)

  1. corporal (linen cloth)

Old French[edit]

Adjective[edit]

corporal m (oblique and nominative feminine singular corporale)

  1. Alternative form of corporel

Portuguese[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Latin corporālis.

Pronunciation[edit]

Adjective[edit]

corporal m, f (plural corporais, comparable)

  1. corporal, carnal

Quotations[edit]

For usage examples of this term, see Citations:corporal.

Noun[edit]

corporal m (plural corporais)

  1. corporal

Quotations[edit]

For usage examples of this term, see Citations:corporal.


Spanish[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Latin corporālis.

Adjective[edit]

corporal (plural corporales)

  1. corporal, of or relating to the corpus or body, bodywide or systemic

Noun[edit]

corporal m (plural corporales)

  1. corporal (linen cloth)