Definition from Wiktionary, the free dictionary
Jump to navigation Jump to search
See also:
U+868A, 蚊
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-868A

[U+8689]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+868B]

Translingual[edit]

Han character[edit]

(radical 142, +4, 10 strokes, cangjie input 中戈卜大 (LIYK), four-corner 50140, composition)

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 1077, character 18
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 32849
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1546, character 15
  • Hanyu Da Zidian (first edition): volume 4, page 2840, character 8
  • Unihan data for U+868A

Chinese[edit]

Glyph origin[edit]

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *mɯn): semantic  (insect) + phonetic  (OC *mɯn).

Etymology 1[edit]

simp. and trad.
alternative forms

From Proto-Mon-Khmer *muujs with a nominal suffix *-n (Schuessler, 2007). Compare Khmer មូស (muuh), Vietnamese muỗi.

Pronunciation[edit]


Note: man4 - literary, rare.
Note:
  • mun4* - standalone word;
  • mun4 - in compounds.
  • Gan
  • Hakka
  • Jin
  • Min Bei
  • Min Dong
  • Note:
    • muòng - vernacular (used in 風蚊);
    • ùng - literary.
  • Min Nan
  • Wu
  • Xiang
  • Note:
    • men1 - vernacular;
    • un2 - literary.

    • Dialectal data
    Variety Location
    Mandarin Beijing /uən³⁵/
    Harbin /uən²⁴/
    Tianjin /vən⁴⁵/
    Jinan /vẽ⁴²/
    Qingdao /və̃⁴²/
    Zhengzhou /uən⁴²/
    Xi'an /vẽ²⁴/
    Xining /uə̃²⁴/
    Yinchuan /vəŋ⁵³/
    Lanzhou /və̃n⁵³/
    Ürümqi /vɤŋ⁵¹/
    Wuhan /uən²¹³/
    Chengdu /uən³¹/
    Guiyang /uen²¹/
    Kunming /uə̃³¹/
    Nanjing /un²⁴/
    Hefei /uən⁵⁵/
    Jin Taiyuan /vəŋ¹¹/
    Pingyao /uŋ¹³/
    Hohhot /və̃ŋ³¹/
    Wu Shanghai /vəŋ²³/
    Suzhou /mən¹³/
    Hangzhou /ven²¹³/
    Wenzhou /vaŋ³¹/
    Hui Shexian /uʌ̃⁴⁴/
    /mʌ̃⁴⁴/
    Tunxi /man⁴⁴/
    Xiang Changsha /uən¹³/
    /mən³³/
    Xiangtan /uən¹²/
    Gan Nanchang /un⁴⁵/
    Hakka Meixian /mun⁴⁴/
    Taoyuan /mun²⁴/
    Cantonese Guangzhou /mɐn⁵⁵/
    Nanning /mɐn⁵⁵/
    Hong Kong /mɐn⁵⁵/
    Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /bun³⁵/
    Fuzhou (Min Dong) /muoŋ⁵³/
    Jian'ou (Min Bei) /mɔŋ²¹/
    Shantou (Min Nan) /buŋ³³/
    Haikou (Min Nan) /vun³¹/
    /maŋ²¹³/ 訓蠓

    Rime
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    Initial () (4)
    Final () (59)
    Tone (調) Level (Ø)
    Openness (開合) Closed
    Division () III
    Fanqie
    Reconstructions
    Zhengzhang
    Shangfang
    /mɨun/
    Pan
    Wuyun
    /miun/
    Shao
    Rongfen
    /miuən/
    Edwin
    Pulleyblank
    /mun/
    Li
    Rong
    /miuən/
    Wang
    Li
    /mĭuən/
    Bernard
    Karlgren
    /mi̯uən/
    Expected
    Mandarin
    Reflex
    wén
    BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    Modern
    Beijing
    (Pinyin)
    wén
    Middle
    Chinese
    ‹ mjun ›
    Old
    Chinese
    /*C.mə[r]/
    English mosquito

    Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

    * Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
    * Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
    * Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
    * Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

    * Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
    Zhengzhang system (2003)
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    No. 13017
    Phonetic
    component
    Rime
    group
    Rime
    subdivision
    1
    Corresponding
    MC rime
    Old
    Chinese
    /*mɯn/
    Notes

    Definitions[edit]

    1. mosquito (Classifier: )
    Synonyms[edit]

    Compounds[edit]

    Etymology 2[edit]

    simp. and trad.
    alternative forms

    From (man4, “classifier for copper coins”).

    Pronunciation[edit]


    Definitions[edit]

    1. (Cantonese) Classifier for money: yuan; dollar; buck
      / [Cantonese]  ―  loeng5 baak3 man4-1 [Jyutping]  ―  two hundred bucks
    Synonyms[edit]

    Compounds[edit]

    References[edit]


    Japanese[edit]

    Kanji[edit]

    (common “Jōyō” kanji)

    1. mosquito

    Readings[edit]

    Etymology 1[edit]

    Kanji in this term

    Grade: S
    kun’yomi

    From Old Japanese. Possibly related to 噛む (kamu, to bite) or 痒い (kayui, itchy), although the ultimate derivation remains unknown.

    Pronunciation[edit]

    Noun[edit]

    () (ka

    1. mosquito

    Etymology 2[edit]

    Kanji in this term
    かあ
    Grade: S
    Irregular

    Cognate with (ka). Likely pronounced long due to being a single mora. Elongation of single mora words is still seen in the Ōsaka dialect with words like teː "hand" from te. The 794 quotation is the oldest extant example of a long vowel in Japanese.

    Pronunciation[edit]

    • (Irregular reading)

    Noun[edit]

    (かあ) (

    1. mosquito

    References[edit]

    1. ^ 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, →ISBN
    2. ^ 1998, NHK日本語発音アクセント辞典 (NHK Japanese Pronunciation Accent Dictionary) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: NHK, →ISBN
    • Yoshinori Kobayashi, Kojisho Ongi Shūsei 1: Shin'yaku Kegonkyō Ongi Shiki (in Japanese), Kyūko Shoin (published 1978; original text from 794), →ISBN.
    • Tsukishima, Hiroshi (1079) Kojisho Ongi Shūsei 12: Konkōmyō Saishōōkyō Ongi (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Kyūko Shoin, published 1979, →ISBN.

    Korean[edit]

    Hanja[edit]

    (eum (mun))

    1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

    Vietnamese[edit]

    Han character[edit]

    : Hán Nôm readings: văn, mân

    1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

    References[edit]