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Translingual[edit]

Han character[edit]

(radical 142 +4, 10 strokes, cangjie input 中戈卜大 (LIYK), four-corner 50140, composition)

  1. mosquito
  2. gnat

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 1077, character 18
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 32849
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1546, character 15
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 4, page 2840, character 8
  • Unihan data for U+868A

Chinese[edit]

-
simp. and trad.

Pronunciation[edit]


Middle Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Character (蚊), Pronunciation 1/1

Initial: 明 (4)
Final: 文
Division: III

Openness: Closed
Tone: Level (Ø)

Fanqie: 無分切
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/mɨun/ /mi̯uən/ /miuən/ /miun/ /mun/ /mĭuən/ /miuən/
Old Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character Modern Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle Chinese Old Chinese English
wén ‹ mjun › /*C.mə[r]/ mosquito

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

  • Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
  • Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
  • Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
  • Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;
  • Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
13017 1 /*mɯn/ 說文俗同蟁

Definitions[edit]

  1. mosquito
  2. (Cantonese) dollar (Hong Kong or other); yuan
    兩百 / 两百 [Cantonese]  ―  loeng5 baak3 man1 [Jyutping]  ―  two hundred bucks

Compounds[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(common “Jōyō” kanji)

  1. mosquito

Readings[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

Kanji in this term

Grade: S
kun'yomi

From Old Japanese. Possibly related to 噛む ‎(kamu, to bite) or 痒い ‎(kayui, itchy), although the ultimate derivation remains unknown.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

‎(hiragana , romaji ka)

  1. mosquito

Etymology 2[edit]

Kanji in this term
かあ
Grade: S
Irregular

Cognate with ‎(ka). Likely pronounced long due to being a single mora. Elongation of single mora words is still seen in the Ōsaka dialect with words like teː "hand" from te. The 794 quotation is the oldest extant example of a long vowel in Japanese.

Pronunciation[edit]

  • (Irregular reading)
  • IPA(key): [ka̠ː]

Noun[edit]

‎(hiragana かあ, romaji )

  1. mosquito
    • 794, Shin'yaku Kegonkyō Ongi Shiki (page 104)
      蚊蝄䖟蜺 [...] 上二字加安下二字阿牟
    • 1079, Konkōmyō Saishōōkyō Ongi (page 3 (back))
      加阿

References[edit]


Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

‎(mun) (hangeul , revised mun, McCune-Reischauer mun, Yale mun)

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