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See also:
U+868A, 蚊
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-868A

[U+8689]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+868B]

Translingual[edit]

Han character[edit]

(radical 142, +4, 10 strokes, cangjie input 中戈卜大 (LIYK), four-corner 50140, composition)

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 1077, character 18
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 32849
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1546, character 15
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 4, page 2840, character 8
  • Unihan data for U+868A

Chinese[edit]

Glyph origin[edit]

Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*mrɯn
*mrɯn
*mrɯn, *mɯn, *mɯns
*mrɯn
*mrɯn
*mɯːl
*mɯːl
*mɯːl
*mɯn
*mɯn
*mɯn
*mɯn
*mɯn
*mɯn
*mɯn
*mɯn, *mɯns
*mɯnʔ, *mɯns
*mɯns

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *mɯn): semantic  (insect) + phonetic  (OC *mɯn).

Etymology 1[edit]

simp. and trad.
variant forms

From Proto-Mon-Khmer *muujs with a nominal suffix *-n (Schuessler, 2007). Compare Khmer មូស (muuh), Vietnamese muỗi.

Pronunciation[edit]


Note: man4 - literary, rare.
Note:
  • mun4* - standalone word;
  • mun4 - in compounds.
  • Gan
  • Hakka
  • Jin
  • Min Bei
  • Min Dong
  • Note:
    • muòng - vernacular (used in 風蚊);
    • ùng - literary.
  • Min Nan
  • Wu
  • Xiang
  • Note:
    • men1 - vernacular;
    • un2 - literary.

    • Dialectal data
    Variety Location
    Mandarin Beijing /uən³⁵/
    Harbin /uən²⁴/
    Tianjin /vən⁴⁵/
    Jinan /vẽ⁴²/
    Qingdao /və̃⁴²/
    Zhengzhou /uən⁴²/
    Xi'an /vẽ²⁴/
    Xining /uə̃²⁴/
    Yinchuan /vəŋ⁵³/
    Lanzhou /və̃n⁵³/
    Ürümqi /vɤŋ⁵¹/
    Wuhan /uən²¹³/
    Chengdu /uən³¹/
    Guiyang /uen²¹/
    Kunming /uə̃³¹/
    Nanjing /un²⁴/
    Hefei /uən⁵⁵/
    Jin Taiyuan /vəŋ¹¹/
    Pingyao /uŋ¹³/
    Hohhot /və̃ŋ³¹/
    Wu Shanghai /vəŋ²³/
    Suzhou /mən¹³/
    Hangzhou /ven²¹³/
    Wenzhou /vaŋ³¹/
    Hui Shexian /uʌ̃⁴⁴/
    /mʌ̃⁴⁴/
    Tunxi /man⁴⁴/
    Xiang Changsha /uən¹³/
    /mən³³/
    Xiangtan /uən¹²/
    Gan Nanchang /un⁴⁵/
    Hakka Meixian /mun⁴⁴/
    Taoyuan /mun²⁴/
    Cantonese Guangzhou /mɐn⁵⁵/
    Nanning /mɐn⁵⁵/
    Hong Kong /mɐn⁵⁵/
    Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /bun³⁵/
    Fuzhou (Min Dong) /muoŋ⁵³/
    Jian'ou (Min Bei) /mɔŋ²¹/
    Shantou (Min Nan) /buŋ³³/
    Haikou (Min Nan) /vun³¹/
    /maŋ²¹³/ 訓蠓

    Rime
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    Initial () (4)
    Final () (59)
    Tone (調) Level (Ø)
    Openness (開合) Closed
    Division () III
    Fanqie
    Reconstructions
    Zhengzhang
    Shangfang
    /mɨun/
    Pan
    Wuyun
    /miun/
    Shao
    Rongfen
    /miuən/
    Edwin
    Pulleyblank
    /mun/
    Li
    Rong
    /miuən/
    Wang
    Li
    /mĭuən/
    Bernard
    Karlgren
    /mi̯uən/
    Expected
    Mandarin
    Reflex
    wén
    BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    Modern
    Beijing
    (Pinyin)
    wén
    Middle
    Chinese
    ‹ mjun ›
    Old
    Chinese
    /*C.mə[r]/
    English mosquito

    Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

    * Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
    * Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
    * Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
    * Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

    * Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
    Zhengzhang system (2003)
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    No. 13017
    Phonetic
    component
    Rime
    group
    Rime
    subdivision
    1
    Corresponding
    MC rime
    Old
    Chinese
    /*mɯn/
    Notes

    Definitions[edit]

    1. mosquito (Classifier: )
    Synonyms[edit]
    Dialectal synonyms of 蚊子 (“mosquito”) [map]
    Variety Location Words
    Classical Chinese
    Formal (Written Standard Chinese) 蚊子
    Taxonomic name
    Mandarin Beijing 蚊子
    Taiwan 蚊子
    Harbin 蚊子
    Shenyang 蚊子
    Jinan 蚊子
    Muping 蚊子
    Luoyang 蚊子
    Jiedian 蚊子
    Ronghe 長腿子
    Xi'an 蚊子
    Zhengzhou
    Xining 蚊子
    Xuzhou 蚊子
    Yinchuan 蚊子
    Lanzhou 蚊子
    Ürümqi 蚊子
    Wuhan 蚊子
    Chengdu 蚊子
    Guiyang 蚊子尖嘴蚊
    Guilin 蚊子
    Liuzhou 蚊子
    Kunming 蚊子
    Yangzhou 蚊子
    Nanjing 蚊子
    Hefei 蚊子
    Cantonese Guangzhou
    Hong Kong
    Shunde
    Zhongshan
    Dongguan
    Hong Kong (Weitou)
    Taishan
    Doumen
    Kaiping
    Shaoguan 蚊仔
    Yunfu 蚊仔
    Yangjiang 蚊蟲
    Xinyi 蚊子
    Lianjiang 蚊子
    Nanning
    Wuzhou
    Yulin 蚊子
    Hepu
    Kuala Lumpur
    Gan Nanchang 蚊蟲
    Lichuan 蚊仔
    Pingxiang 蚊子
    Hakka Meixian 蚊仔
    Luchuan 蚊子
    Yudu 蚊子
    Miaoli (N. Sixian) 蚊仔
    Liudui (S. Sixian) 蚊仔
    Hsinchu (Hailu) 蚊仔
    Dongshi (Dabu)
    Zhuolan (Raoping) 蚊仔
    Yunlin (Zhao'an)
    Hong Kong
    Sabah 蚊仔
    Senai
    Singkawang
    Huizhou Jixi 蚊蟲
    Jin Taiyuan 蚊子
    Xinzhou 蚊子蠅蚊子
    Min Bei Jian'ou
    Min Dong Fuzhou 風蚊
    Fuqing
    Matsu 風蚊
    Min Nan Xiamen 蠓仔
    Quanzhou 蠓仔
    Zhangzhou 蠓仔
    Taipei 烏司蠓仔烏蝛蠓仔躼跤蠓
    Kaohsiung 烏蝛蠓仔躼跤蠓
    Tainan 烏蝛蠓仔
    Taichung 蠓仔
    Hsinchu 蠓仔
    Lukang 烏蝛仔蠓草蠓
    Sanxia 花蠓烏司蠓躼跤蠓
    Yilan 烏蝛仔躼跤蠓
    Kinmen
    Magong
    Penang
    Singapore
    Philippines (Manila)
    Pingnan 蚊仔
    Chaozhou
    Shantou
    Haifeng
    Johor Bahru
    Haikou
    Leizhou
    Puxian Min Putian
    Xianyou
    Pinghua Nanning 蚊子
    Guilin 蚊蟲
    Wu Shanghai 蚊子蚊蟲
    Suzhou 蚊子
    Hangzhou 蚊子
    Wenzhou 蚊蟲
    Chongming 蚊子
    Danyang 蚊子
    Jinhua 蚊蟲
    Ningbo 蚊蟲
    Xiang Changsha 夜蚊子蚊子
    Shuangfeng 齧人蚊子蚊子
    Xiangtan 蚊子
    Loudi 蚊子
    Quanzhou 蚊蟲

    Compounds[edit]

    Etymology 2[edit]

    simp. and trad.
    variant forms

    From (man4, “classifier for copper coins”).

    Pronunciation[edit]

    Definitions[edit]

    1. (Cantonese) Classifier for money: yuan; dollar; buck
      / [Cantonese]  ―  loeng5 baak3 man4-1 [Jyutping]  ―  two hundred bucks
    Synonyms[edit]
    Dialectal synonyms of (“yuan; dollar”) [map]
    Variety Location Words
    Formal (Written Standard Chinese)
    Mandarin Beijing
    Taiwan
    Harbin
    Jinan
    Muping
    Luoyang
    Jiedian
    Xi'an
    Xining
    Xuzhou
    Yinchuan
    Lanzhou
    Ürümqi
    Wuhan
    Chengdu
    Guiyang
    Guilin
    Liuzhou
    Yangzhou
    Nanjing
    Hefei
    Cantonese Guangzhou 蚊雞
    Hong Kong 蚊雞
    Shunde
    Zhongshan
    Dongguan 蚊雞
    Taishan
    Doumen
    Kaiping
    Shaoguan
    Yunfu
    Yangjiang
    Lianjiang
    Nanning
    Hepu
    Kuala Lumpur
    Gan Nanchang
    Lichuan
    Pingxiang
    Hakka Meixian
    Yudu
    Miaoli (N. Sixian)
    Liudui (S. Sixian)
    Hsinchu (Hailu)
    Dongshi (Dabu)
    Zhuolan (Raoping)
    Yunlin (Zhao'an)
    Hong Kong
    Sabah
    Senai
    Singkawang
    Huizhou Jixi
    Jin Taiyuan
    Xinzhou
    Min Bei Jian'ou
    Min Dong Fuzhou
    Fuqing
    Matsu
    Min Nan Xiamen
    Quanzhou
    Zhangzhou
    Taipei
    Kaohsiung
    Tainan
    Taichung
    Hsinchu
    Lukang
    Sanxia
    Yilan
    Kinmen
    Magong
    Penang
    Chaozhou
    Johor Bahru
    Haikou
    Leizhou
    Puxian Min Putian
    Xianyou
    Pinghua Nanning 蚊雞
    Guilin
    Wu Shanghai
    Suzhou
    Hangzhou
    Wenzhou
    Chongming
    Danyang
    Jinhua
    Xiang Changsha
    Shuangfeng
    Loudi
    Quanzhou

    Compounds[edit]


    Japanese[edit]

    Kanji[edit]

    (common “Jōyō” kanji)

    1. mosquito

    Readings[edit]

    Etymology 1[edit]

    Kanji in this term

    Grade: S
    kun’yomi

    From Old Japanese. Possibly related to 噛む (kamu, to bite) or 痒い (kayui, itchy), although the ultimate derivation remains unknown.

    Pronunciation[edit]

    Noun[edit]

    (hiragana , rōmaji ka)

    1. mosquito

    Etymology 2[edit]

    Kanji in this term
    かあ
    Grade: S
    Irregular

    Cognate with (ka). Likely pronounced long due to being a single mora. Elongation of single mora words is still seen in the Ōsaka dialect with words like teː "hand" from te. The 794 quotation is the oldest extant example of a long vowel in Japanese.

    Pronunciation[edit]

    • (Irregular reading)

    Noun[edit]

    (hiragana かあ, rōmaji )

    1. mosquito
      • 794, Shin'yaku Kegonkyō Ongi Shiki (page 104)
        蚊蝄䖟蜺 [...] 上二字加安下二字阿牟
      • 1079, Konkōmyō Saishōōkyō Ongi (page 3 (back))
        加阿

    References[edit]

    1. ^ 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, →ISBN
    2. ^ 1998, NHK日本語発音アクセント辞典 (NHK Japanese Pronunciation Accent Dictionary) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: NHK, →ISBN
    • Yoshinori Kobayashi, Kojisho Ongi Shūsei 1: Shin'yaku Kegonkyō Ongi Shiki (in Japanese), Kyūko Shoin (published 1978; original text from 794), →ISBN.
    • Tsukishima, Hiroshi (1079) Kojisho Ongi Shūsei 12: Konkōmyō Saishōōkyō Ongi (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Kyūko Shoin, published 1979, →ISBN.

    Korean[edit]

    Hanja[edit]

    (mun) (hangeul , revised mun, McCune–Reischauer mun, Yale mun)

    1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

    Vietnamese[edit]

    Han character[edit]

    : Hán Việt readings: văn, mân

    1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

    References[edit]