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Translingual[edit]

Traditional
Shinjitai
Simplified

Etymology[edit]

Pictogram (象形): a hand with a weapon-like object () - presumably a mallet - preparing to strike a hanging percussion instrument ().

Han character[edit]

(radical 79 +8, 12 strokes, cangjie input 土弓竹弓水 (GNHNE), four-corner 47247, composition)

Descendants[edit]

References[edit]


Chinese[edit]

trad.
simp.

Pronunciation[edit]


Dialectal pronunciations ()
Variety Location
Mandarin Beijing /kʰɤ³⁵/
/t͡ɕʰiɑu⁵¹/
Harbin /kʰɤ²⁴/
/t͡ɕʰiau⁵³/
Tianjin /kʰɤ⁴⁵/
/t͡ɕʰiɑu⁵³/
Jinan /kʰə²¹³/
Qingdao /kʰə⁵⁵/
/t͡ɕʰyə⁵⁵/
Zhengzhou /kʰɤ²⁴/
Xi'an /kʰɤ²¹/
Xining /kʰu⁴⁴/
Yinchuan /kʰə¹³/
Lanzhou /kʰə⁴⁴²/
Ürümqi /kʰɤ⁴⁴/
Wuhan /kʰuo²¹³/
Chengdu /kʰo³¹/
Guiyang /kʰo²¹/
Kunming /kʰo³¹/
Nanjing /kʰoʔ⁵/
Hefei /kʰɐʔ⁵/
Jin Taiyuan /kʰaʔ²/
Pingyao
Hohhot /kʰaʔ⁴³/
Wu Shanghai /kʰoʔ⁵/
Suzhou /kʰoʔ⁵/
Hangzhou /kʰoʔ⁵/
Wenzhou /kʰo²¹³/
Hui Shexian /kʰɔʔ²¹/
Tunxi /kʰo⁵/
Xiang Changsha /kʰo²⁴/
Xiangtan /kʰo²⁴/
Gan Nanchang /kʰɔʔ⁵/
Hakka Meixian /hok̚¹/
Taoyuan /hok̚²²/
Cantonese Guangzhou /hɔk̚³/
Nanning /hɔk̚³³/
Hong Kong /hɔk̚³/
Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /kʰak̚³²/
Fuzhou (Min Dong) /kʰɔyʔ²³/
Jian'ou (Min Bei) /kʰu²⁴/
Shantou (Min Nan) /kʰak̚²/
Haikou (Min Nan) /xak̚⁵/
Old Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character Modern Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle Chinese Old Chinese English
què ‹ khæwk › /*[kʰ]ˤrok/ hollow shell, hollow

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

  • Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
  • Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
  • Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
  • Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;
  • Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
7419 0 㱿 /*kʰroːɡ/ 右下原作一,此後起通用字,見論衡

Noun[edit]

  1. casing, shell, husk, hull, skin

References[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(uncommon “Hyōgai” kanji)

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Readings[edit]


Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

‎(gak) (hangeul , revised gak, McCune-Reischauer kak, Yale kak)

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Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(xác, nôi)

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