carapace

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English[edit]

Diagram of a prawn, with the carapace highlighted in red.
English Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia

Etymology[edit]

Borrowed from French carapace (tortoise shell), from Spanish carapacho,[1] of unknown origin, but likely from an extinct Ibero-Mediterranean substrate language.

Compare Catalan carabassa, Ancient Greek κάραβος (kárabos, beetle), Latin scarabaeus (the source of scarab); also Spanish galápago (kind of turtle). Doublet of calipash.

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /ˈkɛɹ.əˌpeɪs/, /ˈkæ.ɹəˌpeɪs/
  • (file)

Noun[edit]

carapace (plural carapaces)

  1. A hard protective covering of bone or chitin, especially one which covers the dorsal portion of an animal.
  2. in figurative use
    • 1928, Edward A. Ross, World Drift, New York; London: The Century Co., page 12:
      So, little by little, youth loosens the hard carapace of confining custom their elders have built over the human heart.
    • 2010 January 8, Simon Jenkins, “The proliferation of nuclear panic is politics at its most ghoulish”, in The Guardian, §: “Comment & Debate”, page 29, column 4:
      This is all a massive failure of science to pierce the carapace of public ignorance.

Related terms[edit]

Translations[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Douglas Harper (2001–2022), “carapace”, in Online Etymology Dictionary.

French[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Borrowed from Spanish carapacho (carapace, shell)[1], of uncertain origin.

Noun[edit]

carapace f (plural carapaces)

  1. shell

Descendants[edit]

  • English: carapace
  • English: calipash
  • Italian: carapace
  • Portuguese: carapaça
  • Romanian: carapace

References[edit]

  1. ^ carapace”, in Trésor de la langue française informatisé [Digitized Treasury of the French Language], 2012.

Italian[edit]

Italian Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia it

Etymology[edit]

Borrowed from French carapace (tortoise shell).

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /ka.raˈpa.t͡ʃe/
  • Rhymes: -atʃe
  • Hyphenation: ca‧ra‧pà‧ce

Noun[edit]

carapace m (plural carapaci)

  1. carapace

Romanian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From French carapace.

Noun[edit]

carapace f (plural carapace)

  1. shell (of a turtle)

Declension[edit]