κάραβος

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Ancient Greek[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Origin unclear; the irregular suffix and phonetics suggest a Pre-Greek (Mediterranean,[1] Ancient Macedonian,[2] or Semitic[3]) loan. Also see Latin scarabaeus, carabus; Arabic عَقْرَب (ʿaqrab) and قَارِب (qārib).

Pronunciation[edit]

 
  • (5th BCE Attic) IPA(key): /kǎː.ra.bos/
  • (1st CE Egyptian) IPA(key): /ˈka.ra.bos/
  • (4th CE Koine) IPA(key): /ˈka.ra.βos/
  • (10th CE Byzantine) IPA(key): /ˈka.ra.vos/
  • (15th CE Constantinopolitan) IPA(key): /ˈka.ra.vos/
  • Noun[edit]

    κᾱ́ρᾰβος (kā́rabosm (genitive κᾱρᾰ́βου); second declension

    1. a kind of beetle, probably a longhorn beetle
    2. a kind of crustacean, probably a crayfish
    3. a small boat

    Inflection[edit]

    References[edit]

    1. ^ Robert S. P. Beekes, Greek etymological dictionary
    2. ^ Klein, Dr. Ernest, A Comprehensive Etymological Dictionary of the English Language,
    3. ^ “Proto-Semitic root: *ʕaḳrab-; Number 2340” in Georgiy Starostin, Tower of Babel, Copyright 1998-2003 by S. Starostin.