싶다

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Korean[edit]

Etymology[edit]

First attested in the Worin cheongangjigok (月印千江之曲 / 월인천강지곡), 1449, as Middle Korean 식브다 (Yale: sikputa). The earliest Middle Korean uses are semantically different, with the meaning "to seem to be about to do".

The adjective was originally derived frm Old Korean 爲只 (*SIk-, to act) by the adjective-deriving suffix (Yale: -pu), but has since become a single morpheme. Thus related to 시키다 (sikida, “to cause to do”).

Pronunciation[edit]

  • (SK Standard/Seoul) IPA(key): [ɕʰip̚t͈a̠]
    • (file)
  • Phonetic hangeul: []
Romanizations
Revised Romanization?sipda
Revised Romanization (translit.)?sipda
McCune–Reischauer?sipta
Yale Romanization?siph.ta

Adjective[edit]

싶다 (sipda) (infinitive 싶어, sequential 싶으니)

  1. to be desirous of; to want (requires a main verb with suffix -고 (go))
    가고 싶다.
    Gago sipda.
    [I] want to go.
    마이크로소프트 사와의 거래에 관하여 함께 검토하고 싶습니다.
    Maikeurosopeuteu sawaui georaee gwanhayeo hamkke geomtohago sipseumnida.
    I'd like to review the Microsoft account with you.
    정말 갖고 싶은 상품
    jeongmal gatgo sipeun sangpum
    a merchandise that [I] really want to have

Usage notes[edit]

  • Note: unlike English "want", "싶다" can only take a verb. To convey the meaning of "want something" with nouns, use 갖고 싶다 (gatgo sipda) (literally, want to have) or 원하다 (wonhada).

Conjugation[edit]

References[edit]