affluent

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English[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Middle French affluent, from Latin affluentem, accusative singular of affluēns, present active participle of affluō (flow to or towards; overflow with), from ad (to, towards) + fluō (flow) (cognate via latter to fluid, flow). Sense of “wealthy” (plentiful flow of goods) c. 1600, which also led to nominalization affluence.[1]

Pronunciation[edit]

  • (US)
    • enPR: ăf'lo͞o-ənt, IPA(key): /ˈæfluːənt/
      (file)
    • enPR: ă-flo͞o'ənt, ə-flo͞o'ənt, IPA(key): /æˈfluːənt/, /əˈfluːənt/
    • Although the pronunciation with second-syllable stress does occur in educated U.S. usage, it is appreciably less common than the pronunciation with first-syllable stress[2][3] and is regarded as unacceptable by many American speakers.[3]

Noun[edit]

affluent (plural affluents)

  1. Somebody who is wealthy.
    • 1994, Philip D. Cooper, Health care marketing: a foundation for managed quality (page 183)
      The affluents are most similar to the professional want-it-alls in their reasons for preferring specific hospitals and in their demographic characteristics.
  2. A stream or river flowing into a larger river or into a lake; a tributary stream; a tributary.
    • 1912, Sir Arthur Conan Doyle, The Lost World[1]:
      The affluents of the Amazon are, half of them, of this nature, while the other half are whitish and opaque, the difference depending upon the class of country through which they have flowed.

Synonyms[edit]

Translations[edit]

Adjective[edit]

affluent (comparative more affluent, superlative most affluent)

  1. Abundant; copious; plenteous.
    • 1860, Mary Howitt (translator), Life in the Old World:
      The shores are affluent in beauty, and incomparably lovely is the drive to the heights of Castel-a-Mare.
  2. (by extension) Abounding in goods or riches; having a moderate level of material wealth.
    They were affluent, but aspired to true wealth.
    The Upper East Side is an affluent neighborhood in New York City.
  3. (dated) Tributary.
  4. (obsolete) Flowing to; flowing abundantly.
    • 1672 Gideon Harvey, Morbus Anglicus, Or, The Anatomy of Consumptions
      affluent blood

Synonyms[edit]

Antonyms[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

Translations[edit]

References[edit]


French[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Adjective[edit]

affluent (feminine singular affluente, masculine plural affluents, feminine plural affluentes)

  1. tributary

Noun[edit]

affluent m (plural affluents)

  1. tributary; affluent
Related terms[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Verb[edit]

affluent

  1. third-person plural present indicative of affluer
  2. third-person plural present subjunctive of affluer

Further reading[edit]


Latin[edit]

Verb[edit]

affluent

  1. third-person plural future active indicative of affluō