사족

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Korean[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

Sino-Korean word from 蛇足, from (snake) + (feet), with the implication that it is as unnecessary as drawing feet on a picture of a snake. Originally a Chinese chengyu, from a story in the ancient Chinese history Strategies of the Warring States, see 畫蛇添足画蛇添足 (huàshétiānzú) for more.

Pronunciation[edit]

Romanizations
Revised Romanization?sajok
Revised Romanization (translit.)?sajog
McCune–Reischauer?sajok
Yale Romanization?sacok

Noun[edit]

사족 (sajok) (hanja 蛇足)

  1. something superfluous, unnecessary
    좋은 쓰려면 사족 걸러 합니다.
    Joeun geureul sseuryeomyeon sajogeul geolleoya hamnida.
    To write well, one must eliminate the superfluous.
    사족으로 덧붙이자면 []
    sajogeuro deotbuchijamyeon []
    just to add something superfluous []
    (used to add further information in a humble manner)

Etymology 2[edit]

Sino-Korean word from (four) + (feet).

Pronunciation[edit]

  • (SK Standard/Seoul) IPA(key): [ˈsʰa̠(ː)d͡ʑo̞k̚]
  • Phonetic hangeul: [(ː)]
    • Though still prescriptive in Standard Korean, the great majority of speakers (in both Koreas) no longer distinguish vowel length.
Romanizations
Revised Romanization?sajok
Revised Romanization (translit.)?sajog
McCune–Reischauer?sajok
Yale Romanization?sācok

Noun[edit]

사족 (sajok) (hanja 四足)

  1. (of an animal) four legs, four feet
    사족보행로봇
    sajokbohaengnobot
    quadruped robot
  2. (of a person) four limbs, arms and legs
    있으면 사족을 못 쓴다.
    Dan ge isseumyeon sajogeul mot sseunda.
    They have a sweet tooth. (idiom)
    (literally, “If there is something sweet, they cannot use their four limbs.”)

Etymology 3[edit]

Sino-Korean word from 士族, from (scholar-official) + (family, lineage).

Pronunciation[edit]

  • (SK Standard/Seoul) IPA(key): [ˈsʰa̠(ː)d͡ʑo̞k̚]
  • Phonetic hangeul: [(ː)]
    • Though still prescriptive in Standard Korean, the great majority of speakers (in both Koreas) no longer distinguish vowel length.
Romanizations
Revised Romanization?sajok
Revised Romanization (translit.)?sajog
McCune–Reischauer?sajok
Yale Romanization?sācok

Noun[edit]

사족 (sajok) (hanja 士族)

  1. (historical) a powerful aristocratic family or a scion of such a family