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U+8DE4, 跤
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-8DE4

[U+8DE3]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+8DE5]

Translingual[edit]

Han character[edit]

(radical 157 +6, 13 strokes, cangjie input 口一卜金大 (RMYCK), four-corner 60148, composition)

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 1224, character 20
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 37498
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1696, character 12
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 6, page 3706, character 6
  • Unihan data for U+8DE4

Chinese[edit]

Glyph origin[edit]

Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
keːws, *kreːwʔ
pʰreːws
kreːw
kreːw
kreːw, *kreːwʔ, *ɡreːwʔ
kreːw
kreːw
kreːw
kreːw, *ŋɡreːwʔ, *qreːw
kreːw, *kreːwʔ, *kreːws
kreːw, *kreːwʔ, *ɡreːwʔ
kreːw, *qʰreːws, *ɡreːws
kreːwʔ
kreːwʔ
kreːwʔ, *ɡreːw
kreːwʔ, *ɡreːw
kreːws, *ɡreːws
kreːws
kʰreːw
kʰreːw
kʰraːw
ŋɡreːwʔ
ɡreːw
ɡreːw
ɡreːws
ɡreːws
ɡreːws
keːwʔ
keːwʔ
keːwʔ
qeːws
pqreːwɢ

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *kʰreːw): semantic  + phonetic  (OC *kreːw).

Etymology 1[edit]

simp. and trad.

Pronunciation[edit]



Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (29)
Final () (90)
Tone (調) Level (Ø)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () II
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/kʰˠau/
Pan
Wuyun
/kʰᵚau/
Shao
Rongfen
/kʰau/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/kʰaɨw/
Li
Rong
/kʰau/
Wang
Li
/kʰau/
Bernard
Karlgren
/kʰau/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
qiāo
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1
No. 6317
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
2
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*kʰreːw/
Notes

Definitions[edit]

  1. tumble; fall
      ―  shuāijiāo  ―  to trip and fall

Compounds[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

simp. and trad.
alt. forms

Chinese sources commonly consider this to be a vernacular-layer descendant of Old Chinese (OC *kʰraːw, “lower leg”). It, however, bears great resemblance to the Tai etymon for “leg”, e.g. Thai ขา (kǎa, leg) < Proto-Tai *p.qaːᴬ (leg) (Yue-Hashimoto, 1976; Luo, 1992). Such similarity may be superficial, as the Tai etymon is cognate with Proto-Kam-Sui *kwa (“leg”) and there is a disagreement in rime (Schuessler, 2007).

Pronunciation[edit]


Definitions[edit]

(Min)

  1. leg; foot; lower limb
  2. leg (of an object); support
  3. part below
  4. bottom part
  5. Classifier for pieces (of suitcases, finger rings). all nouns using this classifier
  6. Classifier for people in card games.
Synonyms[edit]
  • (leg): (tuǐ)
  • (foot):
Dialectal synonyms of (“foot”) [map]
Variety Location Words
Classical Chinese
Formal (Written Standard Chinese)
Mandarin Beijing 腳巴丫子腳丫子丫子
Taiwan
Jinan 腳丫子
Xi'an
Wuhan
Chengdu 腳板兒腳板
Yangzhou
Hefei
Cantonese Guangzhou
Hong Kong
Taishan
Yangjiang
Gan Nanchang
Hakka Meixian 腳板
Miaoli (N. Sixian)
Liudui (S. Sixian)
Hsinchu (Hailu)
Dongshi (Dabu)
Zhuolan (Raoping)
Yunlin (Zhao'an)
Jin Taiyuan
Min Bei Jian'ou 跤掌
Min Dong Fuzhou
Min Nan Xiamen
Quanzhou
Zhangzhou
Taipei
Kaohsiung
Penang
Philippines (Manila)
Wu Shanghai
Suzhou
Wenzhou 腳腳
Xiang Changsha
Shuangfeng

Compounds[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(uncommon “Hyōgai” kanji)

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Readings[edit]


Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

(gyo) (hangeul , McCune-Reischauer kyo, Yale kyo)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.