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U+6BDB, 毛
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-6BDB

[U+6BDA]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+6BDC]

Translingual[edit]

Stroke order
4 strokes
Stroke order
毛-order.gif

Han character[edit]

(radical 82 +0, 4 strokes, cangjie input 竹手山 (HQU), four-corner 20714)

Derived characters[edit]

Descendants[edit]

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 591, character 22
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 16772
  • Dae Jaweon: page 983, character 26
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 3, page 1994, character 1
  • Unihan data for U+6BDB

Chinese[edit]

simp. and trad.

Glyph origin[edit]

Historical forms of the character
Bronze inscriptions Bamboo and silk script Large seal script Small seal script
毛-bronze.svg 毛-silk.svg 毛-bigseal.svg 毛-seal.svg
Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*maːw, *maːws
*maːw
*maːw, *maːws
*maːw, *maːws
*rɯ, *maːw
*maːw
*maːw
*maːw
*maːws
*maːws
*maːws, *mraːwɢ
*hmaːws
*hmaːws, *hmɯːbs
*mraːwɢ, *moːwɢ

Pictogram (象形) – feather or hair.

Pronunciation[edit]


Note:
  • mn̂g, mo͘, mâu - vernacular;
  • mô͘ - literary (including surname).

Rime
Character
Reading # 1/2 2/2
Initial () (4) (4)
Final () (89) (89)
Tone (調) Level (Ø) Departing (H)
Openness (開合) Open Open
Division () I I
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/mɑu/ /mɑuH/
Pan
Wuyun
/mɑu/ /mɑuH/
Shao
Rongfen
/mɑu/ /mɑuH/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/maw/ /mawH/
Li
Rong
/mɑu/ /mɑuH/
Wang
Li
/mɑu/ /mɑuH/
Bernard
Karlgren
/mɑu/ /mɑuH/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
máo mào
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
máo
Middle
Chinese
‹ maw ›
Old
Chinese
/*C.mˤaw/
English hair

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/2 2/2
No. 8780 8791
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
1 1
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*maːw/ /*maːws/

Definitions[edit]

  1. hair (of humans or animals); fur; feather
    / [Cantonese]  ―  gai1 mou4 [Jyutping]  ―  chicken feather
  2. mildew; mold
  3. (colloquial) one tenth of a yuan or dollar; ten cents; dime
  4. coarse; raw; semifinished
      ―  máochá  ―  raw tea
  5. gross; overall
  6. small; little
  7. careless; unthinking
  8. panicked; scared; nervous
  9. angry; furious
  10. (of currency) to depreciate; to devalue
  11. A surname​.
    /   ―  Máo Zédōng  ―  Mao Zedong

Synonyms[edit]

Dialectal synonyms of (“ten cents; dime”) [map]
Variety Location Words
Formal (Written Standard Chinese)
Mandarin Beijing
Taiwan
Jinan
Xi'an
Wuhan
Chengdu
Yangzhou
Hefei
Cantonese Guangzhou 毫子
Hong Kong 毫子
Hong Kong (Weitou) 毫子
Taishan 毫子
Yangjiang 毫子
Kuala Lumpur
Gan Nanchang
Hakka Meixian
Miaoli (N. Sixian)
Liudui (S. Sixian)
Hsinchu (Hailu)
Dongshi (Dabu)
Zhuolan (Raoping)
Yunlin (Zhao'an)
Hong Kong
Senai
Jin Taiyuan
Min Bei Jian'ou
Min Dong Fuzhou
Min Nan Xiamen
Quanzhou
Zhangzhou
Chaozhou
Johor Bahru
Wu Suzhou
Wenzhou
Xiang Changsha
Shuangfeng

Usage notes[edit]

For hair on the human head, use 頭髮头发 (tóufa) instead.

Compounds[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(grade 2 “Kyōiku” kanji)

  1. hair, fur

Readings[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

Kanji in this term

Grade: 2
kun’yomi

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

(hiragana , rōmaji ke)

  1. hair, fur

Etymology 2[edit]

Kanji in this term
もう
Grade: 2
on’yomi

From Middle Chinese (maw).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

(hiragana もう, rōmaji )

  1. a kind of unit

References[edit]

  1. 1.0 1.1 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, ISBN 4-385-13905-9
  2. 2.0 2.1 1998, NHK日本語発音アクセント辞典 (NHK Japanese Pronunciation Accent Dictionary) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: NHK, ISBN 978-4-14-011112-3

Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

(mo)

  • Eumhun:
    • Sound (hangeul): (revised: mo, McCune-Reischauer: mo, Yale: mo)
    • Name (hangeul):
  1. hair, fur

Okinawan[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(hiragana きー, romaji kii)

Etymology[edit]

Cognate with mainland Japanese (ke).

Noun[edit]

(hiragana きー, romaji kii)

  1. hair, fur

Compounds[edit]


Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(mao, mau, mào)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.