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See also: and
U+9AEE, 髮
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-9AEE

[U+9AED]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+9AEF]

Translingual[edit]

Traditional
Shinjitai
Simplified

Han character[edit]

(radical 190, +5, 15 strokes, cangjie input 尸竹戈大水 (SHIKE) or 尸竹戈大大 (SHIKK), four-corner 72447, composition)

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 1453, character 21
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 45400
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1984, character 4
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 7, page 4521, character 12
  • Unihan data for U+9AEE

Chinese[edit]

trad.
simp. *
variant forms 𩑛

Glyph origin[edit]

Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*boːds, *boːd
*bruds, *pud
*pods, *pʰud
*blɯːd
*bruːd, *boːd, *bod
*bruːd, *boːd
*poːd
*poːd
*poːd
*poːd, *pud
*boːd
*boːd
*boːd
*boːd
*boːd
*boːd, *pod
*boːd
*boːd
*boːd
*boːd
*boːd
*boːd, *bod
*pod
*pod, *pud
*bod
*pud
*pud
*pud

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *pod):  + .

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Sino-Tibetan *s-pu. Alternatively, it may be derived from (OC *pad, “to sprout”) (Schuessler, 2007).

Pronunciation[edit]


Note:
  • bṳĕ - vernacular;
  • huă - literary.
  • Min Dong
  • Note:
    • huók - vernacular;
    • huák - literary.
  • Min Nan
  • Note:
    • huag4 - Shantou;
    • huêg4 - Chaozhou.
  • Wu

    • Dialectal data
    Variety Location
    Mandarin Beijing /fa⁵¹/
    Harbin /fa²¹³/
    Tianjin /fɑ¹³/
    Jinan /fa²¹³/
    Qingdao /fa⁵⁵/
    Zhengzhou /fa²⁴/
    Xi'an /fa²¹/
    Xining /fa⁴⁴/
    Yinchuan /fa¹³/
    Lanzhou /fa¹³/
    Ürümqi /fa²¹³/
    Wuhan /fa²¹³/
    Chengdu /fa³¹/
    Guiyang /fa²¹/
    Kunming /fa̠³¹/
    Nanjing /fɑʔ⁵/
    Hefei /fɐʔ⁵/
    Jin Taiyuan /faʔ²/
    Pingyao /xuʌʔ¹³/
    Hohhot /faʔ⁴³/
    Wu Shanghai /faʔ⁵/
    Suzhou /faʔ⁵/
    Hangzhou /fɑʔ⁵/
    Wenzhou /ho²¹³/
    Hui Shexian /faʔ²¹/
    Tunxi /fuːə⁵/
    Xiang Changsha /fa²⁴/
    Xiangtan /ɸɒ²⁴/
    Gan Nanchang /faʔ⁵/
    Hakka Meixian /fat̚¹/
    Taoyuan /fɑt̚²²/
    Cantonese Guangzhou /fat̚³/
    Nanning /fat̚³³/
    Hong Kong /fat̚³/
    Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /huat̚³²/
    Fuzhou (Min Dong) /huɔʔ²³/
    Jian'ou (Min Bei) /puɛ²⁴/
    Shantou (Min Nan) /huak̚²/
    Haikou (Min Nan) /fak̚⁵/

    Rime
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    Initial () (1)
    Final () (68)
    Tone (調) Checked (Ø)
    Openness (開合) Closed
    Division () III
    Fanqie
    Reconstructions
    Zhengzhang
    Shangfang
    /pʉɐt̚/
    Pan
    Wuyun
    /pʷiɐt̚/
    Shao
    Rongfen
    /piuɐt̚/
    Edwin
    Pulleyblank
    /puat̚/
    Li
    Rong
    /piuɐt̚/
    Wang
    Li
    /pĭwɐt̚/
    Bernard
    Karlgren
    /pi̯wɐt̚/
    Expected
    Mandarin
    Reflex
    fa
    BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    Modern
    Beijing
    (Pinyin)
    Middle
    Chinese
    ‹ pjot ›
    Old
    Chinese
    /*pot/
    English root; hair (of head)

    Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

    * Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
    * Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
    * Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
    * Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

    * Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
    Zhengzhang system (2003)
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    No. 151
    Phonetic
    component
    Rime
    group
    Rime
    subdivision
    3
    Corresponding
    MC rime
    Old
    Chinese
    /*pod/

    Definitions[edit]

    1. (anatomy) hair
      /   ―  tóufa  ―  hair
    2. (figuratively) grass and trees (on a mountain); vegetation
    3. A surname​.

    Synonyms[edit]

    Dialectal synonyms of 頭髮 (“hair (on the head)”) [map]
    Variety Location Words
    Classical Chinese
    Formal (Written Standard Chinese) 頭髮
    Mandarin Beijing 頭髮
    Taiwan 頭髮
    Harbin 頭髮
    Shenyang 頭髮
    Hailar 頭髮
    Ulan Hot 頭髮
    Tongliao 頭髮
    Chifeng 頭髮
    Bayanhot 頭髮
    Jinan 頭髮
    Muping 頭髮
    Luoyang 頭髮
    Jiedian 頭髮
    Xi'an 頭髮
    Xining 頭髮
    Xuzhou 頭髮毛兒 humorous
    Yinchuan 頭髮
    Lanzhou 頭髮
    Ürümqi 頭髮
    Wuhan 頭髮
    Chengdu 頭髮
    Guiyang 頭髮
    Guilin 頭髮
    Liuzhou 頭髮
    Kunming 頭髮
    Yangzhou 頭髮
    Nanjing 頭髮
    Hefei 頭髮
    Cantonese Guangzhou 頭髮
    Hong Kong 頭髮
    Dongguan 頭毛
    Hong Kong (Weitou) 頭毛
    Taishan 頭毛
    Yangjiang 頭毛
    Xinyi 頭毛
    Nanning 頭髮
    Wuzhou 頭髮
    Yulin 頭毛
    Hepu 頭毛
    Kuala Lumpur 頭髮
    Gan Nanchang 頭髮
    Lichuan 頭髮
    Pingxiang 頭髮
    Hakka Meixian 頭那毛
    Xingning
    Huidong 頭那毛
    Qujiang 頭毛
    Xiaosanjiang 頭髮
    Luchuan 頭毛
    Changting 頭髮頭那毛
    Pingyu 頭髮毛
    Wuping 頭髮
    Liancheng 頭髮
    Ninghua 腦毛
    Yudu 頭髮
    Ruijin 頭髮
    Shicheng 頭髮
    Shangyou 頭髮
    Miaoli (N. Sixian) 頭那毛
    Liudui (S. Sixian) 頭那毛
    Hsinchu (Hailu) 頭那毛
    Dongshi (Dabu) 頭那毛
    Zhuolan (Raoping) 頭那毛
    Yunlin (Zhao'an) 頭那毛
    Hong Kong 頭那毛
    Sabah 頭那毛
    Senai 頭那毛
    Singkawang 頭那毛
    Huizhou Jixi 頭毛頭髮
    Jin Taiyuan 頭髮
    Xinzhou 頭髮
    Baochang 頭髮
    Jining 頭髮
    Hohhot 頭髮
    Baotou 頭髮
    Dongsheng 頭髮
    Linhe 頭髮
    Haibowan 頭髮
    Min Bei Jian'ou 頭毛頭髮
    Min Dong Fuzhou 頭髮
    Fuqing 頭髮頭毛
    Matsu 頭髮
    Min Nan Xiamen 頭毛頭鬃
    Quanzhou 頭毛頭鬃
    Zhangzhou 頭毛頭鬃
    Taipei 頭毛
    Kaohsiung 頭毛
    Tainan 頭毛
    Taichung 頭毛頭鬃
    Hsinchu 頭毛
    Lukang 頭毛
    Sanxia 頭毛
    Yilan 頭毛
    Kinmen 頭毛
    Magong 頭毛
    Penang 頭毛
    Singapore 頭毛
    Philippines (Manila) 頭毛
    Pingnan 頭毛
    Chaozhou 頭毛
    Shantou 頭毛
    Johor Bahru 頭毛
    Haikou 頭毛
    Leizhou 頭毛
    Pinghua Nanning 頭髮
    Guilin 頭毛
    Wu Shanghai 頭髮
    Suzhou 頭髮
    Hangzhou 頭髮
    Wenzhou 頭髮
    Chongming 頭毛
    Danyang 頭髮頭毛 dated
    Jinhua 頭髮
    Ningbo 頭毛頭髮
    Xiang Changsha 頭髮
    Shuangfeng 頭髮
    Loudi 頭絲
    Quanzhou 頭髮

    Compounds[edit]


    Japanese[edit]

    Shinjitai

    Kyūjitai

    Kanji[edit]

    (“Jinmeiyō” kanji used for nameskyūjitai kanji, shinjitai form )

    1. hair (specifically on one's head; does not indicate body hair)

    Readings[edit]


    Korean[edit]

    Hanja[edit]

    (bal) (hangeul , McCune–Reischauer pal, Yale pal)

    1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

    Vietnamese[edit]

    Han character[edit]

    (phát)

    1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.