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U+9AEE, 髮
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-9AEE

[U+9AED]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+9AEF]
See also: and

Translingual[edit]

Traditional
Shinjitai
Simplified

Han character[edit]

(radical 190 +5, 15 strokes, cangjie input 尸竹戈大水 (SHIKE) or 尸竹戈大大 (SHIKK), four-corner 72447, composition)

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 1453, character 21
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 45400
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1984, character 4
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 7, page 4521, character 12
  • Unihan data for U+9AEE

Chinese[edit]

trad.
simp.
alt. forms 𩑛

Glyph origin[edit]

Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*boːds, *boːd
*bruds, *pud
*pods, *pʰud
*blɯːd
*bruːd, *boːd, *bod
*bruːd, *boːd
*poːd
*poːd
*poːd
*poːd, *pud
*boːd
*boːd
*boːd
*boːd
*boːd
*boːd, *pod
*boːd
*boːd
*boːd
*boːd
*boːd
*boːd, *bod
*pod
*pod, *pud
*bod
*pud
*pud
*pud

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *pod):  + .

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Sino-Tibetan *s-pu. Alternatively, it may be derived from (OC *pad, “to sprout”) (Schuessler, 2007).

Pronunciation[edit]


Note:
  • huók - vernacular;
  • huák - literary.

  • Dialectal data
Variety Location
Mandarin Beijing /fa⁵¹/
Harbin /fa²¹³/
Tianjin /fɑ¹³/
Jinan /fa²¹³/
Qingdao /fa⁵⁵/
Zhengzhou /fa²⁴/
Xi'an /fa²¹/
Xining /fa⁴⁴/
Yinchuan /fa¹³/
Lanzhou /fa¹³/
Ürümqi /fa²¹³/
Wuhan /fa²¹³/
Chengdu /fa³¹/
Guiyang /fa²¹/
Kunming /fa̠³¹/
Nanjing /fɑʔ⁵/
Hefei /fɐʔ⁵/
Jin Taiyuan /faʔ²/
Pingyao /xuʌʔ¹³/
Hohhot /faʔ⁴³/
Wu Shanghai /faʔ⁵/
Suzhou /faʔ⁵/
Hangzhou /fɑʔ⁵/
Wenzhou /ho²¹³/
Hui Shexian /faʔ²¹/
Tunxi /fuːə⁵/
Xiang Changsha /fa²⁴/
Xiangtan /ɸɒ²⁴/
Gan Nanchang /faʔ⁵/
Hakka Meixian /fat̚¹/
Taoyuan /fɑt̚²²/
Cantonese Guangzhou /fat̚³/
Nanning /fat̚³³/
Hong Kong /fat̚³/
Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /huat̚³²/
Fuzhou (Min Dong) /huɔʔ²³/
Jian'ou (Min Bei) /puɛ²⁴/
Shantou (Min Nan) /huak̚²/
Haikou (Min Nan) /fak̚⁵/

Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (1)
Final () (68)
Tone (調) Checked (Ø)
Openness (開合) Closed
Division () III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/pʉɐt̚/
Pan
Wuyun
/pʷiɐt̚/
Shao
Rongfen
/piuɐt̚/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/puat̚/
Li
Rong
/piuɐt̚/
Wang
Li
/pĭwɐt̚/
Bernard
Karlgren
/pi̯wɐt̚/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
fa
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle
Chinese
‹ pjot ›
Old
Chinese
/*pot/
English root; hair (of head)

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1
No. 151
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
3
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*pod/

Definitions[edit]

  1. (anatomy) hair
    /   ―  tóufa  ―  hair
  2. (figuratively) grass and trees (on a mountain); vegetation
  3. A surname​.

Synonyms[edit]

Dialectal synonyms of 頭髮 (“hair (on the head)”) [map]
Variety Location Words
Classical Chinese
Formal (Written Standard Chinese) 頭髮
Mandarin Beijing 頭髮
Taiwan 頭髮
Jinan 頭髮
Xi'an 頭髮
Wuhan 頭髮
Chengdu 頭髮
Yangzhou 頭髮
Hefei 頭髮
Cantonese Guangzhou 頭髮
Hong Kong 頭髮
Taishan 頭毛
Yangjiang 頭毛
Gan Nanchang 頭髮
Hakka Meixian 頭那毛
Miaoli (N. Sixian) 頭那毛
Liudui (S. Sixian) 頭那毛
Hsinchu (Hailu) 頭那毛
Dongshi (Dabu) 頭那毛
Zhuolan (Raoping) 頭那毛
Yunlin (Zhao'an) 頭那毛
Huizhou Jixi 頭毛頭髮
Jin Taiyuan 頭髮
Min Bei Jian'ou 頭毛頭髮
Min Dong Fuzhou 頭髮
Min Nan Xiamen 頭毛頭鬃
Quanzhou 頭毛頭鬃
Zhangzhou 頭毛頭鬃
Taipei 頭毛
Kaohsiung 頭毛
Tainan 頭毛
Taichung 頭毛頭鬃
Hsinchu 頭毛
Lukang 頭毛
Sanxia 頭毛
Yilan 頭毛
Kinmen 頭毛
Magong 頭毛
Penang 頭毛
Singapore 頭毛
Philippines (Manila) 頭毛
Chaozhou 頭毛
Wu Shanghai 頭髮
Suzhou 頭髮
Wenzhou 頭髮
Xiang Changsha 頭髮
Shuangfeng 頭髮

Compounds[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Shinjitai

Kyūjitai

Kanji[edit]

(“Jinmeiyō” kanji used for nameskyūjitai kanji, shinjitai form )

  1. hair (specifically on one's head; does not indicate body hair)

Readings[edit]


Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

(bal) (hangeul , McCune-Reischauer pal, Yale pal)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(phát)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.