紅毛

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See also: 红毛

Chinese[edit]

 
red; revolutionary; prosperity; bonus; popular
hair; pore; fur
trad. (紅毛)
simp. (红毛)
Wikipedia has articles on:
紅毛 (Written Standard Chinese?)
ang moh (English)

Pronunciation[edit]


Noun[edit]

紅毛

  1. red hair (on animals)
  2. (derogatory, Singapore, Malaysia, Taiwan, chiefly Hokkien) red-haired person; (by extension) Caucasian person; white person; ang moh

Derived terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

Kanji in this term
こう
Grade: 6
もう
Grade: 2
on’yomi

Possibly coined in Japan of Middle Chinese-derived elements (, red, crimson) +‎ (, hair).

Alternatively, possibly from Middle Chinese compound 紅毛 (MC ɦuŋ mɑu).

Compare modern Mandarin 紅毛 (hóngmáo).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

紅毛 (hiragana こうもう, rōmaji kōmō)

  1. red hair
    Synonyms: 赤%毛 (akage) (more general term for a redhead)
  2. during the Edo period, an epithet for the Dutch, contrasting with the term 南蛮 (nanban, literally Southern barbarians) used for the Spanish and Portuguese
  3. in modern times, an epithet for Westerners or Europeans
Derived terms[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

Kanji in this term
Grade: 6 Grade: 2
Irregular

By extension from the red hair meaning being applied to the Dutch, used as jukujikun (熟字訓) for オランダ (Oranda, Holland).[4]

Pronunciation[edit]

Proper noun[edit]

紅毛 (katakana オランダ, hiragana おらんだ, rōmaji Oranda)

  1. (obsolete) Holland, the Netherlands
Usage notes[edit]

This reading was used primarily during the Edo period, and has since fallen out of use.

References[edit]

  1. ^ 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, →ISBN
  2. 2.0 2.1 1998, NHK日本語発音アクセント辞典 (NHK Japanese Pronunciation Accent Dictionary) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: NHK, →ISBN
  3. 3.0 3.1 1997, 新明解国語辞典 (Shin Meikai Kokugo Jiten), Fifth Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, →ISBN
  4. ^ 1988, 国語大辞典(新装版) (Kokugo Dai Jiten, Revised Edition) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Shogakukan