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Translingual[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Pictogram (象形):  +  – a bag of feed, hence livestock. Top was originally the string tying the bag, bottom was the bag.

Han character[edit]

(radical 102 +5, 10 strokes, cangjie input 卜女戈田 (YVIW), four-corner 00603, composition)

  1. livestock
  2. domestic animals

Derived characters[edit]

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 761, character 12
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 21814
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1171, character 5
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 4, page 2538, character 4
  • Unihan data for U+755C

Chinese[edit]

simp. and trad.

Pronunciation 1[edit]



  • Dialectal data
Variety Location
Mandarin Beijing /ʈ͡ʂʰu⁵¹/
Harbin /ʈ͡ʂʰu²⁴/ 牲~
/ʈ͡ʂʰu⁵³/ ~牲
Tianjin /ɕy⁵³/
Jinan /ɕy²¹³/
Qingdao /ʈ͡ʂʰu⁵⁵/
Zhengzhou /ɕy²⁴/
Xi'an /ɕy²¹/
Xining /ɕy⁴⁴/
Yinchuan /ɕy¹³/
Lanzhou /ɕy¹³/
Ürümqi /ɕy²¹³/
Wuhan /ɕiəu²¹³/ ~牧
Chengdu /ɕyo³¹/
/ɕy³¹/
Guiyang /t͡sʰu²¹/ ~牲
/ɕiu²¹/ 牲~
Kunming /ɕiu³¹/
Nanjing /ʂuʔ⁵/
Hefei /ɕyəʔ⁵/
Jin Taiyuan /ɕyəʔ²/
Pingyao /ɕyʌʔ¹³/ ~牧業
/t͡sʰuʌʔ¹³/ ~牲
Hohhot /ɕyəʔ⁴³/
Wu Shanghai /ɕioʔ⁵/
Suzhou /ɕioʔ⁵/ ~牧
/t͡sʰoʔ⁵/ ~牲
Hangzhou /t͡sʰoʔ⁵/ ~牲
/ɕioʔ⁵/ ~牧
Wenzhou /ɕɤu²¹³/
Hui Shexian /ɕiuʔ²¹/
Tunxi /t͡ɕʰiu⁵/
Xiang Changsha /ɕiəu²⁴/
Xiangtan /ɕiəɯ²⁴/
Gan Nanchang /ɕiuʔ⁵/
Hakka Meixian /hiuk̚¹/
Taoyuan /hiuk̚²²/
Cantonese Guangzhou /t͡sʰok̚⁵/
Nanning /t͡sʰuk̚⁵⁵/
Hong Kong /t͡sʰok̚⁵/
Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /hiɔk̚³²/
Fuzhou (Min Dong) /høyʔ²³/
Jian'ou (Min Bei) /tʰy²⁴/
/xy²⁴/
Shantou (Min Nan) /tʰiok̚²/
/tʰek̚²/
Haikou (Min Nan) /sok̚⁵/

Rime
Character
Reading # 1/2 2/2
Initial () (10) (32)
Final () (136) (4)
Tone (調) Departing (H) Checked (Ø)
Openness (開合) Open Open
Division () III III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/ʈʰɨuH/ /hɨuk̚/
Pan
Wuyun
/ʈʰiuH/ /hiuk̚/
Shao
Rongfen
/ȶʰiəuH/ /xiuk̚/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/ʈʰuwH/ /huwk̚/
Li
Rong
/ȶʰiuH/ /xiuk̚/
Wang
Li
/ȶʰĭəuH/ /xĭuk̚/
Bernard
Karlgren
/ȶʰi̯ə̯uH/ /xi̯uk̚/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
chòu xu
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/4 2/4 3/4 4/4
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
chù chù
Middle
Chinese
‹ trhjuwH › ‹ trhjuwk › ‹ xjuwH › ‹ xjuwk ›
Old
Chinese
/*qʰ<r>uk-s/ /*qʰ<r>uk/ /*qʰuk-s/ /*qʰuk/
English domesticated animals store (v.) domestic animal nourish

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/3 2/3 3/3
No. 13988 13994 13997
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
1 1 1
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*l̥ʰuɡs/ /*l̥ʰuɡ/ /*hluɡ/
Notes

Noun[edit]

  1. livestock, domesticated animal
      ―  jiāchù  ―  domesticated animal
  2. creature, beast
      ―  chùshēng  ―  beast, brute

Pronunciation 2[edit]



  • Dialectal data
Variety Location
Mandarin Beijing /ʈ͡ʂʰu⁵¹/
Harbin /ʈ͡ʂʰu²⁴/ 牲~
/ʈ͡ʂʰu⁵³/ ~牲
Tianjin /ɕy⁵³/
Jinan /ɕy²¹³/
Qingdao /ʈ͡ʂʰu⁵⁵/
Zhengzhou /ɕy²⁴/
Xi'an /ɕy²¹/
Xining /ɕy⁴⁴/
Yinchuan /ɕy¹³/
Lanzhou /ɕy¹³/
Ürümqi /ɕy²¹³/
Wuhan /ɕiəu²¹³/ ~牧
Chengdu /ɕyo³¹/
/ɕy³¹/
Guiyang /t͡sʰu²¹/ ~牲
/ɕiu²¹/ 牲~
Kunming /ɕiu³¹/
Nanjing /ʂuʔ⁵/
Hefei /ɕyəʔ⁵/
Jin Taiyuan /ɕyəʔ²/
Pingyao /ɕyʌʔ¹³/ ~牧業
/t͡sʰuʌʔ¹³/ ~牲
Hohhot /ɕyəʔ⁴³/
Wu Shanghai /ɕioʔ⁵/
Suzhou /ɕioʔ⁵/ ~牧
/t͡sʰoʔ⁵/ ~牲
Hangzhou /t͡sʰoʔ⁵/ ~牲
/ɕioʔ⁵/ ~牧
Wenzhou /ɕɤu²¹³/
Hui Shexian /ɕiuʔ²¹/
Tunxi /t͡ɕʰiu⁵/
Xiang Changsha /ɕiəu²⁴/
Xiangtan /ɕiəɯ²⁴/
Gan Nanchang /ɕiuʔ⁵/
Hakka Meixian /hiuk̚¹/
Taoyuan /hiuk̚²²/
Cantonese Guangzhou /t͡sʰok̚⁵/
Nanning /t͡sʰuk̚⁵⁵/
Hong Kong /t͡sʰok̚⁵/
Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /hiɔk̚³²/
Fuzhou (Min Dong) /høyʔ²³/
Jian'ou (Min Bei) /tʰy²⁴/
/xy²⁴/
Shantou (Min Nan) /tʰiok̚²/
/tʰek̚²/
Haikou (Min Nan) /sok̚⁵/

Rime
Character
Reading # 1/2 2/2
Initial () (10) (32)
Final () (136) (4)
Tone (調) Departing (H) Checked (Ø)
Openness (開合) Open Open
Division () III III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/ʈʰɨuH/ /hɨuk̚/
Pan
Wuyun
/ʈʰiuH/ /hiuk̚/
Shao
Rongfen
/ȶʰiəuH/ /xiuk̚/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/ʈʰuwH/ /huwk̚/
Li
Rong
/ȶʰiuH/ /xiuk̚/
Wang
Li
/ȶʰĭəuH/ /xĭuk̚/
Bernard
Karlgren
/ȶʰi̯ə̯uH/ /xi̯uk̚/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
chòu xu
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/4 2/4 3/4 4/4
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
chù chù
Middle
Chinese
‹ trhjuwH › ‹ trhjuwk › ‹ xjuwH › ‹ xjuwk ›
Old
Chinese
/*qʰ<r>uk-s/ /*qʰ<r>uk/ /*qʰuk-s/ /*qʰuk/
English domesticated animals store (v.) domestic animal nourish

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/3 2/3 3/3
No. 13988 13994 13997
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
1 1 1
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*l̥ʰuɡs/ /*l̥ʰuɡ/ /*hluɡ/
Notes

Verb[edit]

  1. to feed, to nourish
  2. to raise, to bring up, to nurture
  3. to foster
  4. to submit, to obey
  5. to tolerate, to allow
  6. to keep
  7. (= ()) to store up, to accumulate

Proper noun[edit]

  1. A surname​.

References[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(common “Jōyō” kanji)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

Readings[edit]


Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

‎(chuk, hyuk) (hangeul , , revised chuk, hyuk, McCune-Reischauer ch'uk, hyuk, Yale chwuk, hyuk)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(súc, húc, sục)

  • lục súc 六畜
  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

Readings[edit]

  • Nôm: súc

References[edit]

  • Thiều Chửu : Hán Việt Tự Điển Hà Nội 1942
  • Trần Văn Chánh: Từ Điển Hán Việt NXB Trẻ, Ho Chi Minh Ville, 1999
  • Vũ Văn Kính: Đại Tự Điển Chữ Nôm , NXB Văn Nghệ, Ho Chi Minh Ville, 1999