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U+97A0, 鞠
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-97A0

[U+979F]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+97A1]

Translingual[edit]

Han character[edit]

(radical 177, +8, 17 strokes, cangjie input 廿十心火木 (TJPFD), four-corner 47520, composition)

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 1389, character 5
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 42892
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1903, character 31
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 7, page 4340, character 1
  • Unihan data for U+97A0

Chinese[edit]

simp. and trad.
variant forms

Glyph origin[edit]

Historical forms of the character
Shuowen Jiezi (compiled in Han) Liushutong (compiled in Ming)
Small seal script Transcribed ancient scripts
鞠-seal.svg 鞠-bigseal.svg
Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*kuɡ
*kuɡ, *kʰuɡ, *ɡuɡ
*kluɡ
*kluɡ
*kuɡ, *ɡuɡ
*kuɡ
*kuɡ
*kuɡ, *ɡuɡ
*kuɡ, *ɡuɡ
*kuɡ
*kuɡ
*kuɡ
*kʰuɡ
*ɡuɡ
*ɡuɡ

Pronunciation[edit]



  • Dialectal data
Variety Location
Mandarin Beijing /t͡ɕy⁵⁵/
Harbin /t͡ɕy⁴⁴/
Tianjin /t͡ɕy²¹/
Jinan /t͡ɕy²¹³/
Qingdao /t͡ɕy⁵⁵/
Zhengzhou /t͡ɕy²⁴/
Xi'an /t͡ɕy²¹/
Xining /t͡ɕy⁴⁴/
Yinchuan /t͡ɕy⁴⁴/
Lanzhou /t͡ɕy¹³/
Ürümqi /t͡ɕy²¹³/
Wuhan /t͡ɕy²¹³/
Chengdu /t͡ɕy³¹/
Guiyang /t͡ɕiu²¹/
Kunming /t͡ɕiu³¹/
Nanjing /t͡ɕyʔ⁵/
Hefei /t͡ɕyəʔ⁵/
Jin Taiyuan /t͡ɕyəʔ²/
Pingyao /t͡ɕyʌʔ¹³/
Hohhot /t͡ɕyəʔ⁴³/
Wu Shanghai /t͡ɕioʔ⁵/
/t͡ɕyɪʔ⁵/
Suzhou /t͡ɕioʔ⁵/
Hangzhou /t͡sz̩ʷəʔ⁵/
Wenzhou /t͡ɕɤu²¹³/
Hui Shexian /t͡ɕiuʔ²¹/
Tunxi /t͡ɕiu⁵/
Xiang Changsha /t͡ɕy²⁴/
Xiangtan /t͡ɕy²⁴/
Gan Nanchang /t͡ɕiuʔ⁵/
Hakka Meixian /kʰiuk̚¹/
Taoyuan /kʰiuk̚⁵⁵/
Cantonese Guangzhou /kok̚⁵/
Nanning /kuk̚⁵⁵/
Hong Kong /kuk̚⁵/
Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /kiɔk̚³²/
Fuzhou (Min Dong) /køyʔ²³/
Jian'ou (Min Bei) /kʰy²⁴/
Shantou (Min Nan) /kiok̚²/
Haikou (Min Nan) /kok̚⁵/

Rime
Character
Reading # 1/3 2/3 3/3
Initial () (28) (29) (30)
Final () (4) (4) (4)
Tone (調) Checked (Ø) Checked (Ø) Checked (Ø)
Openness (開合) Open Open Open
Division () III III III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/kɨuk̚/ /kʰɨuk̚/ /ɡɨuk̚/
Pan
Wuyun
/kiuk̚/ /kʰiuk̚/ /ɡiuk̚/
Shao
Rongfen
/kiuk̚/ /kʰiuk̚/ /ɡiuk̚/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/kuwk̚/ /kʰuwk̚/ /guwk̚/
Li
Rong
/kiuk̚/ /kʰiuk̚/ /ɡiuk̚/
Wang
Li
/kĭuk̚/ /kʰĭuk̚/ /ɡĭuk̚/
Bernard
Karlgren
/ki̯uk̚/ /kʰi̯uk̚/ /gi̯uk̚/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
ju qu
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/3 2/3 3/3
No. 7006 7018 7021
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
1 1 1
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*kuɡ/ /*kʰuɡ/ /*ɡuɡ/
Notes

Definitions[edit]

  1. to bow, bend
  2. to rear, raise, nourish
  3. ball
  4. A surname​.

Compounds[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(“Jinmeiyō” kanji used for names)

  1. ball

Readings[edit]

  • On (unclassified): きく (kiku); きょう (kyō)
  • Kun: まり (mari, )

Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

(guk) (hangeul , revised guk, McCune–Reischauer kuk, Yale kwuk)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(cúc)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.