畜生

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Japanese[edit]

Kanji in this term
ちく
Grade: S
しょう
Grade: 1
on'yomi

Etymology[edit]

/tikusyau//tikusyoː/

From Middle Chinese.[1]

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

畜生 (hiragana ちくしょう, historical hiragana ちくしやう, romaji chikushō)

  1. (Buddhism) beast: a generic term for animals, birds, fish and insects, as the reincarnated form of one who had bad karma in a previous life
  2. a derogative term for a person

Derived terms[edit]

Interjection[edit]

畜生 (hiragana ちくしょう, romaji chikushō)

  1. an expression of strong anger: damn, dammit, fuck

References[edit]

  1. ^ 1988, 国語大辞典(新装版) (Kokugo Dai Jiten, Revised Edition) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Shogakukan
  2. ^ 1998, NHK日本語発音アクセント辞典 (NHK Japanese Pronunciation Accent Dictionary) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: NHK, ISBN 978-4-14-011112-3

Mandarin[edit]

simpl. and trad.

Etymology[edit]

From  ("domestic animal, livestock") +  ("() domestic animal"). Variant: 畜牲. First attested in Han Feizi (circa 2nd century BC). The expletive sense was attested in the Book of Sui (7th century AD). Influenced, through Buddhism, by Sanskrit तिर्यग्योनि (tiryagyoni, animal creation) and Pali tiracchānayoni (the realm of the brute creation) during the Six Dynasties times, as this word was used as a translation of the Sanskrit and Pali terms. Compare 牲畜.

Pronunciation[edit]

Mandarin (Standard Chinese, Beijing)
Pinyin chùshēng  →  chùsheng (toneless final syllable variant)
Zhuyin ㄔㄨˋ ㄕㄥ  →  ㄔㄨˋ ㄕㄥ˙ (toneless final syllable variant)
IPA (key) /ʈ͡ʂʰu⁵¹ ʂɤŋ⁵⁵/  →  /ʈ͡ʂʰu⁵¹ ʂɤŋ¹/
Mandarin (Standard Chinese, Beijing, erhua-ed)
Pinyin chùshēngr
Zhuyin ㄔㄨˋ ㄕㄥㄦ
IPA (key) /ʈ͡ʂʰu⁵¹ ʂɤ̃ɻ⁵⁵/

Noun[edit]

畜生 (traditional and simplified, Pinyin chùsheng)

  1. domestic animal; livestock; brute
  2. (offensive) beast, bugger, a contemptible person

Descendants[edit]

Sino-Xenic (畜生):