畜生

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Chinese[edit]

 
to raise (animals); livestock; domesticated animal; domestic animal
 
to be born; to give birth; life; to grow; student; raw
simp. and trad.
(畜生)
alt. forms 畜牲 less common

Etymology[edit]

From (, “domestic animal, livestock”) + (shēng, “() domestic animal”) Variant: 畜牲. First attested in Han Feizi (circa 2nd century BC). The expletive sense was attested in the Book of Sui (7th century AD). Influenced, through Buddhism, by Sanskrit तिर्यग्योनि(tiryagyoni, animal creation) and Pali tiracchānayoni(the realm of the brute creation) during the Six Dynasties times, as this word was used as a translation of the Sanskrit and Pali terms. Compare 牲畜.

Pronunciation[edit]


Note:
  • thiok-seng:
    • literal reading;
    • thek-seⁿ:
    • colliqual reading in Zhangzhou dialect;
    • thek-siⁿ:
    • colliqual reading in Quanzhou dialect.

Noun[edit]

畜生

  1. domestic animal; livestock; brute
  2. (offensive) beast, bugger, a contemptible person; brute

Descendants[edit]

Sino-Xenic (畜生):

Japanese[edit]

Kanji in this term
ちく
Grade: S
しょう
Grade: 1
on'yomi

Etymology[edit]

/tikusjau//t͡ɕikusjoː/

From Middle Chinese 畜生, 畜牲(trhjuwH sræng, literally livestock + livestock; sacrificial animal), itself influenced by Sanskrit तिर्यग्योनि(tiryagyoni, animal creation).[1]

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

畜生 ‎(hiragana ちくしょう, romaji chikushō, historical hiragana ちくしやう)

  1. (Buddhism) beast: a generic term for animals, birds, fish and insects, as the reincarnated form of one who had bad karma in a previous life
  2. a derogative term for a person

Derived terms[edit]

Interjection[edit]

畜生 ‎(hiragana ちくしょう, romaji chikushō)

  1. an expression of strong anger or frustration: damn, dammit, fuck, shit

References[edit]

  1. ^ 1988, 国語大辞典(新装版) (Kokugo Dai Jiten, Revised Edition) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Shogakukan
  2. ^ 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, ISBN 4-385-13905-9