畜生

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Chinese[edit]

 
to raise (animals); livestock; domesticated animal; domestic animal
 
to be born; to give birth; life; to grow; student; raw
simp. and trad.
(畜生)
alt. forms 畜牲 less common

Etymology[edit]

From (chù, “domestic animal, livestock”) + (shēng, “() domestic animal”) Variant: 畜牲. First attested in Han Feizi (circa 2nd century BC). The expletive sense was attested in the Book of Sui (7th century AD). Influenced, through Buddhism, by Sanskrit तिर्यग्योनि ‎(tiryagyoni, animal creation) and Pali tiracchānayoni ‎(the realm of the brute creation) during the Six Dynasties times, as this word was used as a translation of the Sanskrit and Pali terms. Compare 牲畜.

Pronunciation[edit]


Noun[edit]

畜生

  1. domestic animal; livestock; brute
  2. (offensive) beast, bugger, a contemptible person; brute

Descendants[edit]

Sino-Xenic (畜生):

Japanese[edit]

Kanji in this term
ちく
Grade: S
しょう
Grade: 1
on'yomi

Etymology[edit]

/tikusjau//t͡ɕikusjoː/

From Middle Chinese 畜生, 畜牲 ‎(trhjuwH sræng, literally livestock + livestock; sacrificial animal), itself influenced by Sanskrit तिर्यग्योनि ‎(tiryagyoni, animal creation).[1]

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

畜生 ‎(hiragana ちくしょう, romaji chikushō, historical hiragana ちくしやう)

  1. (Buddhism) beast: a generic term for animals, birds, fish and insects, as the reincarnated form of one who had bad karma in a previous life
  2. a derogative term for a person

Derived terms[edit]

Interjection[edit]

畜生 ‎(hiragana ちくしょう, romaji chikushō)

  1. an expression of strong anger: damn, dammit, fuck

References[edit]

  1. ^ 1988, 国語大辞典(新装版) (Kokugo Dai Jiten, Revised Edition) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Shogakukan
  2. ^ 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, ISBN 4-385-13905-9