畜生

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Chinese[edit]

 
to raise (animals); livestock; domesticated animal; domestic animal
() domestic animal
simp. and trad.
(畜生)
alt. forms 畜牲 less common

Etymology[edit]

First attested in Han Feizi (circa 2nd century BC). The expletive sense was attested in the Book of Sui (7th century AD). Influenced, through Buddhism, by Sanskrit तिर्यग्योनि (tiryagyoni, animal creation) and Pali tiracchānayoni (the realm of the brute creation) during the Six Dynasties times, as this word was used as a translation of the Sanskrit and Pali terms. Compare 牲畜.

Pronunciation[edit]


Noun[edit]

畜生

  1. domestic animal; livestock; brute
  2. (offensive) beast; bugger; contemptible person; brute

Derived terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]

Sino-Xenic (畜生):

Japanese[edit]

Kanji in this term
ちく
Grade: S
しょう
Grade: 1
on’yomi

Etymology[edit]

/tikusjau//t͡ɕikusjoː/

From Middle Chinese 畜生, 畜牲 (trhjuwH sræng, literally livestock + livestock; sacrificial animal), itself influenced by Sanskrit तिर्यग्योनि (tiryagyoni, animal creation).[1]

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

畜生 (hiragana ちくしょう, rōmaji chikushō, historical hiragana ちくしやう)

  1. (Buddhism) beast: a generic term for animals, birds, fish and insects, as the reincarnated form of one who had bad karma in a previous life
  2. a derogative term for a person

Derived terms[edit]

Interjection[edit]

畜生 (hiragana ちくしょう, rōmaji chikushō)

  1. an expression of strong anger or frustration: damn, dammit, fuck, shit
    • 1993 November 25, Adachi, Mitsuru, “だい27 なおおも [Chapter 27: Mortals’ Desires]”, in スローステップSLOW STEP [SLOW STEP], volume 4 (fiction, in Japanese), 11th edition, Tokyo: Shogakukan, ISBN 4-09-132523-8, page 84:
      ちくしょう だれもはいって……お!あのガキァ おんなはいるのは10ねんはええよ
      Chikushō dare mo haitte…… O! Ano gakya Onnayu ni hairu no wa jū-nen haee yo
      Damn it, no one’s here…… Oh! You little brat! It’s 10 years too early for you to come in the women’s bath awright?

References[edit]

  1. ^ 1988, 国語大辞典(新装版) (Kokugo Dai Jiten, Revised Edition) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Shogakukan
  2. ^ 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, ISBN 4-385-13905-9