to raise (animals); livestock; domesticated animal; domestic animal
to be born; to give birth; life; to grow; student; raw
|simp. and trad.
- 畜牲 (chùshēng)
From 畜 (chù, “domestic animal, livestock”) + 生 (shēng, “(牲) domestic animal”) Variant: 畜牲. First attested in Han Feizi (circa 2nd century BC). The expletive sense was attested in the Book of Sui (7th century AD). Influenced, through Buddhism, by Sanskrit तिर्यग्योनि (tiryagyoni, “animal creation”) and Pali tiracchānayoni (“the realm of the brute creation”) during the Six Dynasties times, as this word was used as a translation of the Sanskrit and Pali terms. Compare 牲畜.
- Cantonese (Jyutping): cuk1 saang1
- Min Nan
- (Standard Chinese, Beijing)
- (Standard Chinese, Beijing, erhua-ed)
- Min Nan
- Pe̍h-ōe-jī: thiok-seng / thek-seⁿ / thek-siⁿ
- Tâi-lô: thiok-sing / thik-senn / thik-sinn
- Phofsit Daibuun: tioksefng, teksvef, teksvy
- IPA (Taipei): /tʰiɔk̚³²⁻⁴ ɕiɪŋ⁴⁴/, /tʰiɪk̚³²⁻⁴ sẽ⁴⁴/, /tʰiɪk̚³²⁻⁴ ɕĩ⁴⁴/
- IPA (Zhangzhou): /tʰiɔk̚³²⁻¹²¹ ɕiɪŋ³⁴/, /tʰiɪk̚³²⁻¹²¹ sẽ³⁴/, /tʰiɪk̚³²⁻¹²¹ ɕĩ³⁴/
- Note: thiok-seng: literal reading; thek-seⁿ: colliqual reading in Zhangzhou dialect; thek-siⁿ: colliqual reading in Quanzhou dialect.
|Kanji in this term|
/tikusyau/ → /tikusyoː/
- (Buddhism) beast: a generic term for animals, birds, fish and insects, as the reincarnated form of one who had bad karma in a previous life
- a derogative term for a person
- 此ん畜生 (konchikushō)