karma

Definition from Wiktionary, the free dictionary
Jump to navigation Jump to search
See also: Karma, karmą, and карма

English[edit]

English Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia

Etymology[edit]

Borrowed from Sanskrit कर्मन् (kárman, act, action, performance), first attested in English in 1827.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

karma (countable and uncountable, plural karmas)

  1. (Hinduism, Buddhism, Sikhism, Jainism) The sum total of a person's actions, which determine the person's next incarnation in samsara, the cycle of death and rebirth.
  2. A force or law of nature which causes one to reap what one sows; destiny; fate.
  3. (uncommon) A distinctive feeling, aura, or atmosphere.
    • 2001, Inside the Hits, page 307:
      That means everything from lighting to the vibes, the karma of the room.
    • 2006, Chase Sargent, From Buddy to Boss, page 219:
      How many times when you have been in a bar have you felt that a confrontation was building up, even without extensive verbal exchanges? Sometimes you can feel the karma or energy of a place change, and you should not ignore that
    • 2010, R.L. Roach, Irish Lie, page 135:
      On the way to Lancaster, which was about an hour and a half from Philly, John felt the karma.
  4. (Internet, Reddit) A score assigned to a user of a discussion forum, indicating the popularity of their posts with other users.

Derived terms[edit]

Translations[edit]

The translations below need to be checked and inserted above into the appropriate translation tables, removing any numbers. Numbers do not necessarily match those in definitions. See instructions at Wiktionary:Entry layout#Translations.

References[edit]

  • karma at OneLook Dictionary Search
  • karma in Keywords for Today: A 21st Century Vocabulary, edited by The Keywords Project, Colin MacCabe, Holly Yanacek, 2018.
  • karma in The Century Dictionary, The Century Co., New York, 1911

Anagrams[edit]


Dutch[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Sanskrit कर्मन् (kárman, act, action, performance). (This etymology is missing or incomplete. Please add to it, or discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium. Particularly: “via English?”)

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /ˈkɑr.mɑ/
  • (file)
  • Hyphenation: kar‧ma
  • Rhymes: -ɑrmɑ

Noun[edit]

karma n (uncountable)

  1. karma

Derived terms[edit]


Esperanto[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Borrowed from Sanskrit कर्मन् (kárman, act, action, performance).

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /ˈkarma/
  • Hyphenation: kar‧ma

Adjective[edit]

karma (accusative singular karman, plural karmaj, accusative plural karmajn)

  1. karmic

Related terms[edit]


Finnish[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Borrowed from Sanskrit कर्मन् (kárman, act, action, performance). Appears as headword on p. 341 of the Pieni Tietosanakirja ("Little Encyclopedia") [1] from 1925-28, published by Otava, Helsinki.

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /ˈkɑrmɑ/, [ˈkɑrmɑ]
  • Rhymes: -ɑrmɑ
  • Syllabification: kar‧ma

Noun[edit]

karma

  1. karma

Declension[edit]

Inflection of karma (Kotus type 9/kala, no gradation)
nominative karma karmat
genitive karman karmojen
partitive karmaa karmoja
illative karmaan karmoihin
singular plural
nominative karma karmat
accusative nom. karma karmat
gen. karman
genitive karman karmojen
karmainrare
partitive karmaa karmoja
inessive karmassa karmoissa
elative karmasta karmoista
illative karmaan karmoihin
adessive karmalla karmoilla
ablative karmalta karmoilta
allative karmalle karmoille
essive karmana karmoina
translative karmaksi karmoiksi
instructive karmoin
abessive karmatta karmoitta
comitative karmoineen
Possessive forms of karma (type kala)
possessor singular plural
1st person karmani karmamme
2nd person karmasi karmanne
3rd person karmansa

Hungarian[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): [ˈkɒrmɒ]
  • Hyphenation: kar‧ma
  • Rhymes: -mɒ

Etymology 1[edit]

karom (claw) +‎ -a (possessive suffix)

Noun[edit]

karma

  1. third-person singular single-possession possessive of karom
Declension[edit]
Inflection (stem in long/high vowel, back harmony)
singular plural
nominative karma
accusative karmát
dative karmának
instrumental karmával
causal-final karmáért
translative karmává
terminative karmáig
essive-formal karmaként
essive-modal karmául
inessive karmában
superessive karmán
adessive karmánál
illative karmába
sublative karmára
allative karmához
elative karmából
delative karmáról
ablative karmától
non-attributive
possessive - singular
karmáé
non-attributive
possessive - plural
karmáéi

Etymology 2[edit]

Borrowed from Sanskrit कर्मन् (kárman, act, action, performance).[1]

Noun[edit]

karma

  1. karma
Declension[edit]
Inflection (stem in long/high vowel, back harmony)
singular plural
nominative karma karmák
accusative karmát karmákat
dative karmának karmáknak
instrumental karmával karmákkal
causal-final karmáért karmákért
translative karmává karmákká
terminative karmáig karmákig
essive-formal karmaként karmákként
essive-modal karmául
inessive karmában karmákban
superessive karmán karmákon
adessive karmánál karmáknál
illative karmába karmákba
sublative karmára karmákra
allative karmához karmákhoz
elative karmából karmákból
delative karmáról karmákról
ablative karmától karmáktól
non-attributive
possessive - singular
karmáé karmáké
non-attributive
possessive - plural
karmáéi karmákéi
Derived terms[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Tótfalusi, István. Idegenszó-tár: Idegen szavak értelmező és etimológiai szótára (’A Storehouse of Foreign Words: an explanatory and etymological dictionary of foreign words’). Budapest: Tinta Könyvkiadó, 2005. →ISBN

Icelandic[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

Borrowed from Sanskrit कर्मन् (kárman, act, action, performance).

Noun[edit]

karma n (genitive singular karma, no plural)

  1. karma
Declension[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

Noun[edit]

karma

  1. indefinite accusative plural of karmur
  2. indefinite genitive plural of karmur

Indonesian[edit]

Indonesian Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia id

Etymology[edit]

From Sanskrit कर्म (karma), कर्मन् (karman), from Proto-Indo-Aryan *kárma, from Proto-Indo-Iranian *kárma, from Proto-Indo-European *kʷer- (to do, make).

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /karma/
  • Hyphenation: kar‧ma

Noun[edit]

karma

  1. karma,
    1. (Hinduism, Buddhism, Sikhism, Jainism) The sum total of a person's actions, which determine the person's next incarnation in samsara, the cycle of death and rebirth.
    2. A force or law of nature which causes one to reap what one sows; destiny; fate.

Related terms[edit]

Further reading[edit]


Italian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Borrowed from Sanskrit कर्मन् (karman, act, action, performance), from the root कृ (kṛ, to do, make), from the Proto-Indo-European root *kʷer- (to do, make, build).

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /ˈkar.ma/, [ˈkär̺mä]
  • Rhymes: -arma
  • Hyphenation: kàr‧ma

Noun[edit]

karma m (invariable)

  1. karma

Derived terms[edit]


Polish[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

Noun[edit]

karma f

  1. fodder
Usage notes[edit]

The term karma is used for pets, whereas pasza is used for other domesticated animals such as livestock or poultry.

Declension[edit]
Synonyms[edit]
Related terms[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

Borrowed from Sanskrit कर्मन् (kárman, act, action, performance).

Noun[edit]

karma f

  1. karma
Declension[edit]
Synonyms[edit]

Further reading[edit]

  • karma in Wielki słownik języka polskiego, Instytut Języka Polskiego PAN
  • karma in Polish dictionaries at PWN

Portuguese[edit]

Noun[edit]

karma m (plural karmas)

  1. Alternative spelling of carma

Serbo-Croatian[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /kârma/
  • Hyphenation: kar‧ma

Noun[edit]

kȁrma m (Cyrillic spelling ка̏рма)

  1. karma

Declension[edit]


Spanish[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Borrowed from Sanskrit कर्मन् (kárman, act, action, performance).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

karma m (plural karmas)

  1. karma

Related terms[edit]

Further reading[edit]


Turkish[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Turkish kar- (to mix) + -ma.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

karma (definite accusative karmayı, plural karmalar)

  1. mixing
Declension[edit]
Inflection
Nominative karma
Definite accusative karmayı
Singular Plural
Nominative karma karmalar
Definite accusative karmayı karmaları
Dative karmaya karmalara
Locative karmada karmalarda
Ablative karmadan karmalardan
Genitive karmanın karmaların

Adjective[edit]

karma (comparative daha karma, superlative en karma)

  1. mixed
    karma eğitimmixed education (coeducation)

Etymology 2[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Verb[edit]

karma

  1. second-person singular negative imperative of karmak

Etymology 3[edit]

Probably from English karma, ultimately from Sanskrit.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

karma (definite accusative karmayı, plural karmalar)

  1. karma
Declension[edit]
Inflection
Nominative karma
Definite accusative karmayı
Singular Plural
Nominative karma karmalar
Definite accusative karmayı karmaları
Dative karmaya karmalara
Locative karmada karmalarda
Ablative karmadan karmalardan
Genitive karmanın karmaların
Possessive forms
Singular Plural
1st singular karmam karmalarım
2nd singular karman karmaların
3rd singular karması karmaları
1st plural karmamız karmalarımız
2nd plural karmanız karmalarınız
3rd plural karmaları karmaları