羯磨

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Chinese[edit]

phonetic
simp. and trad.
(羯磨)

Etymology[edit]

Borrowed from Sanskrit कर्मन् (karman, literally act, action).

Pronunciation[edit]



Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1 1/2
Initial () (28) (4)
Final () (67) (95)
Tone (調) Checked (Ø) Level (Ø)
Openness (開合) Open Closed
Division () III I
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/kɨɐt̚/ /muɑ/
Pan
Wuyun
/kiɐt̚/ /muɑ/
Shao
Rongfen
/kiɐt̚/ /muɑ/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/kɨat̚/ /mwa/
Li
Rong
/kiɐt̚/ /muɑ/
Wang
Li
/kĭɐt̚/ /muɑ/
Bernard
Karlgren
/kɨ̯ɐt̚/ /muɑ/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
jie

Noun[edit]

羯磨

  1. (archaic) karma

Synonyms[edit]

Descendants[edit]

Sino-Xenic (羯磨):

Japanese[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

Kanji in this term
かつ
Hyōgaiji

Grade: S
on’yomi

*/kɨatɨ mʷa//katuma//kat͡suma/

From Middle Chinese 羯磨 (MC kɨɐt̚ muɑ), itself a transliteration of Sanskrit कर्मन् (karman, literally act, action).

This pronunciation is prevalent in many Japanese schools of Buddhism, Tendai and Jōdo-shū to name a few.[1]

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

羯磨 (hiragana かつま, rōmaji katsuma)

  1. (Buddhism) karma:
    1. a person's actions, deeds, works, etc.
      Synonyms: 行為 (kōi), (), 所作 (shosa)
    2. confessions and/or vows to follow Buddhist precepts (Can we verify(+) this sense?)
    3. Short for 羯磨金剛 (katsuma kongō): This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.
Derived terms[edit]

Proper noun[edit]

羯磨 (hiragana かつま, rōmaji Katsuma)

  1. a surname

Etymology 2[edit]

Kanji in this term
Hyōgaiji
Grade: S
Irregular kun’yomi
EB1911 - Volume 01 - Page 001 - 1.svg This entry lacks etymological information. If you are familiar with the origin of this term, please add it to the page per etymology instructions, or discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.

Noun[edit]

羯磨 (hiragana こんま, rōmaji konma)

  1. (Shingon Buddhism) karma: same as 羯磨 (かつま) (katsuma) above

References[edit]

  1. 1.0 1.1 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, →ISBN