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U+7FAF, 羯
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-7FAF

[U+7FAE]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+7FB0]

Translingual[edit]

Han character[edit]

(radical 123, +9, 15 strokes, cangjie input 廿手日心女 (TQAPV), four-corner 86527, composition)

Derived characters[edit]

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 953, character 29
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 28537
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1398, character 19
  • Hanyu Da Zidian (first edition): volume 5, page 3136, character 10
  • Unihan data for U+7FAF

Chinese[edit]

simp. and trad.
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Glyph origin[edit]

Historical forms of the character
Shuowen Jiezi (compiled in Han) Liushutong (compiled in Ming)
Small seal script Transcribed ancient scripts
羯-seal.svg 羯-bigseal.svg

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *kad): semantic (sheep; goat) + phonetic (OC *ɡaːd).

Etymology[edit]

“wether”
Sino-Tibetan; cognate with (OC *klaːʔ, “(black) ram”), as well as Kinnauri [script needed] (kʰas), Chitkuli Kinnauri [script needed] (kʰa), [script needed] (kʰɘs, sheep) (Schuessler, 2007).
Alternatively, Wang (1982) relates this word to (OC *kaːd, “to cut”).
“Jie people”
Possibly of Yeniseian origin. Pulleyblank (1962) connects the ethnonym to Proto-Yeniseian *qeˀt ~ *qeˀs (stone). Vovin et al. (2016) additionally proposes *keˀt (person, human being) as a possible etymon. This character was likely chosen to transcribe the indigenous name of the tribe for its pejorative meaning (ibid.).

Pronunciation[edit]



Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (28)
Final () (67)
Tone (調) Checked (Ø)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/kɨɐt̚/
Pan
Wuyun
/kiɐt̚/
Shao
Rongfen
/kiɐt̚/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/kɨat̚/
Li
Rong
/kiɐt̚/
Wang
Li
/kĭɐt̚/
Bernard
Karlgren
/kɨ̯ɐt̚/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
jie
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1
No. 5058
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
1
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*kad/

Definitions[edit]

  1. castrated buck caprid; wether
  2. Jie people (a small, extinct tribe that once lived in North China)

Compounds[edit]

References[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(uncommon “Hyōgai” kanji)

  1. barbarian
  2. (more specifically) the Jie people, a certain tribe that lived to the north of China in antiquity (see Chinese for details)

Readings[edit]

Compounds[edit]


Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

(gal) (hangeul , revised gal, McCune–Reischauer kal, Yale kal)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(yết, khiết)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.