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See also: 갈- and
U+AC08, 갈
Composition: + +

Hangul Syllables

→ 개


Etymology 1[edit]

First attested in the Hunmin jeongeum haerye (訓民正音解例 / 훈민정음해례), 1446, as Middle Korean ᄀᆞᆯ.


Revised Romanization?gal
Revised Romanization (translit.)?gal
Yale Romanization?kal



  1. common reed

See also[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]



  1. short form of 가을

Etymology 3[edit]

Related to 갈래, 가래, 가락 and other words of the same root.



  1. a fork of a forked tenon
  2. science, study, -ics, -ology, a theory, a doctrine
    1. hanja forms: (), ()

Etymology 4[edit]



  1. : land
    (eumhun reading: 이름 (ttang ireum gal))
    (MC reading: )
  2. : rebuke
    (eumhun reading: 꾸짖을 (kkujijeul gal))
    (MC reading: (MC ʔˠaiH, hɑt̚))
  3. : how
    (eumhun reading: 어찌 갈 (eojji gal))
    (MC reading: (MC ɦɑt̚))
  4. : thirsty
    (eumhun reading: 목마를 (mongmareul gal))
    (MC reading: (MC kʰɑt̚, ɡˠiᴇt̚))
  5. : stone tablet
    (eumhun reading: 비 갈 (bi gal))
    (MC reading: (MC ɡɨɐt̚, ɡˠiᴇt̚))
  6. : exert
    (eumhun reading: 다할 (dahal gal))
    (MC reading: (MC ɡɨɐt̚, ɡˠiᴇt̚))
  7. : arrowroot
    (eumhun reading: 칡 갈 (chik gal))
    (MC reading: (MC kɑt̚))
  8. : hemp clothing
    (eumhun reading: 베옷 갈 (be'ot gal))
    (MC reading: (MC ɦɑt̚))
  9. : message
    (eumhun reading: 전갈 갈 (jeon'gal gal))
    (MC reading: (MC ɦɑt̚))
  10. : Mohe
    (eumhun reading: 말갈 갈 (malgal gal))
    (MC reading: (MC ɦɑt̚, ʑiᴇt̚))
  11. : rice straw
    (eumhun reading: 볏짚 갈 (byeotjip gal))
    (MC reading: (MC kˠat̚))
  12. : message
    (eumhun reading: 전갈 갈 (jeon'gal gal))
    (MC reading: (MC hɨɐt̚))
  13. : crossbill
    (MC reading: (MC ɦɑt̚))
  14. : onomatopoeic syllable
    (MC reading: )
  15. : posted sign
    (MC reading: (MC ɡɨɐt̚, kʰˠɛt̚, ɡˠiᴇt̚))
  16. : castrated ram
    (MC reading: (MC kɨɐt̚))

Etymology 5[edit]

Inflected form



  1. Future adnominal form of 가다 (gada, “to go”), thus often "who/that will go"
    서울 사람
    Seoullo gal saram
    someone who will go to Seoul
  2. Future adnominal form of 갈다 (galda, “to change, grind, or cultivate”)
    bateul gal ttae
    when plowing the field