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See also: 갈- and
U+AC08, 갈
Composition: + +

Hangul Syllables

→ 개


Etymology 1[edit]

First attested in the Hunminjeong'eum haerye (訓民正音解例 / 훈민정음해례), 1446, as Middle Korean ᄀᆞᆯ. From Old Korean 葦乙 (*KOl).


Revised Romanization?gal
Revised Romanization (translit.)?gal
Yale Romanization?kal



  1. common reed

See also[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]



  1. short form of 가을

Etymology 3[edit]

Related to 갈래, 가래, 가락 and other words of the same root.



  1. a fork of a forked tenon
  2. science, study, -ics, -ology, a theory, a doctrine
    1. hanja forms: (), ()

Etymology 4[edit]



  1. : used for names of lands
    (eumhun reading: 이름 (ttang ireum gal))
    (MC reading: )
  2. : rebuke
    (eumhun reading: 꾸짖을 (kkujijeul gal))
    (MC reading: (MC 'aejH|xat))
  3. : how
    (eumhun reading: 어찌 갈 (eojji gal))
    (MC reading: (MC hat))
  4. : thirsty
    (eumhun reading: 목마를 (mongmareul gal))
    (MC reading: (MC khat|gjet))
  5. : stone tablet
    (eumhun reading: 비 갈 (bi gal))
    (MC reading: (MC gjot|gjet))
  6. : exert
    (eumhun reading: 다할 (dahal gal))
    (MC reading: (MC gjot|gjet))
  7. : arrowroot
    (eumhun reading: 칡 갈 (chik gal))
    (MC reading: (MC kat))
  8. : hemp clothing
    (eumhun reading: 베옷 갈 (be'ot gal))
    (MC reading: (MC hat))
  9. : message
    (eumhun reading: 전갈 갈 (jeon'gal gal))
    (MC reading: (MC hat))
  10. : Mohe
    (eumhun reading: 말갈 갈 (malgal gal))
    (MC reading: (MC hat|zyet))
  11. : rice straw
    (eumhun reading: 볏짚 갈 (byeotjip gal))
    (MC reading: (MC keat))
  12. : message
    (eumhun reading: 전갈 갈 (jeon'gal gal))
    (MC reading: (MC xjot))
  13. : crossbill
    (MC reading: (MC hat))
  14. : onomatopoeic syllable
    (MC reading: )
  15. : posted sign
    (MC reading: (MC gjot|khaet|gjet))
  16. : castrated ram
    (MC reading: (MC kjot))

Etymology 5[edit]

Inflected form



  1. Future adnominal form of 가다 (gada, “to go”), thus often "who/that will go"
    서울 사람
    Seoullo gal saram
    someone who will go to Seoul
  2. Future adnominal form of 갈다 (galda, “to change, grind, or cultivate”)
    bateul gal ttae
    when plowing the field