Definition from Wiktionary, the free dictionary
Jump to navigation Jump to search
U+6CC9, 泉
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-6CC9

[U+6CC8]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+6CCA]

Translingual[edit]

Han character[edit]

(radical 85, +5, 9 strokes, cangjie input 竹日水 (HAE), four-corner 26232, composition)

Derived characters[edit]

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 615, character 12
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 17274
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1009, character 9
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 3, page 1576, character 10
  • Unihan data for U+6CC9

Chinese[edit]

simp. and trad.
variant forms 𤽄

Glyph origin[edit]

Historical forms of the character
Shang Western Zhou Warring States Shuowen Jiezi (compiled in Han)
Oracle bone script Bronze inscriptions Chu Slip and silk script Small seal script
泉-oracle.svg 泉-bronze.svg 泉-silk.svg 泉-seal.svg
Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*sqʰeːns
*sɡʷen
*sɡʷen
*kʰʷjen, *sɢʷin

Pronunciation[edit]


Note:
  • chôaⁿ - vernacular;
  • choân - literary.

Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (15)
Final () (78)
Tone (調) Level (Ø)
Openness (開合) Closed
Division () III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/d͡ziuᴇn/
Pan
Wuyun
/d͡zʷiɛn/
Shao
Rongfen
/d͡zjuæn/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/d͡zwian/
Li
Rong
/d͡ziuɛn/
Wang
Li
/d͡zĭwɛn/
Bernard
Karlgren
/d͡zʱi̯wɛn/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
quán
BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
quán
Middle
Chinese
‹ dzjwen ›
Old
Chinese
/*s-N-ɢʷar/ (MC I!)
English spring, source

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1
No. 10728
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
2
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*sɡʷen/

Definitions[edit]

  1. spring; fountain
  2. an ancient type of coin
  3. Short for 泉州 (Quánzhōu, “Quanzhou”).

Compounds[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(grade 6 “Kyōiku” kanji)

  1. spring (source of water)

Readings[edit]

Compounds[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Kanji in this term
いずみ
Grade: 6
kun’yomi

/idumi//id͡zumi/(for most modern Japanese dialects; see also Yotsugana) /izumi/

From Old Japanese. Found in the Man'yōshū, completed some time after 759 CE.

Compound of 出づ (idu, modern izu, to come out) +‎ (mi, water).[1][2][3][4]

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

(hiragana いずみ, rōmaji izumi, historical hiragana いづみ)

  1. natural spring, a wellspring
    Synonyms: 湧泉, 涌泉 (yūsen)
     (わか) (がえ)りの (いずみ)
    Wakagaeri no Izumi
    The Fountain of Youth
    • 1999 August 26, “いずみようせい [Fairy of the Fountain]”, in BOOSTER 4 (in Japanese), Konami:
       (いずみ) (まも) (よう) (せい) (いずみ) (けが) (もの)容赦 (ようしゃ)なく攻撃 (こうげき)
      Izumi o mamoru yōsei. Izumi o kegasu mono o yōsha naku kōgeki.
      A fairy who mercilessly assaults anyone who dares contaminate the fountain she’s sworn protects.

Proper noun[edit]

(hiragana いずみ, rōmaji Izumi, historical hiragana いづみ)

  1. a place name
  2. a surname
  3. a female given name

References[edit]

  1. ^ 1988, 国語大辞典(新装版) (Kokugo Dai Jiten, Revised Edition) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Shogakukan
  2. 2.0 2.1 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, →ISBN
  3. ^ 1995, 大辞泉 (Daijisen) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Shogakukan, →ISBN
  4. 4.0 4.1 1997, 新明解国語辞典 (Shin Meikai Kokugo Jiten), Fifth Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, →ISBN
  5. ^ 1998, NHK日本語発音アクセント辞典 (NHK Japanese Pronunciation Accent Dictionary) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: NHK, →ISBN

Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

(cheon) (hangeul , revised cheon, McCune–Reischauer ch'ŏn, Yale chen)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(tuyền)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.