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U+6CC9, 泉
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-6CC9

[U+6CC8]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+6CCA]

Translingual[edit]

Han character[edit]

Stroke order
9 strokes

(radical 85, +5, 9 strokes, cangjie input 竹日水 (HAE), four-corner 26232, composition)

Derived characters[edit]

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 615, character 12
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 17274
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1009, character 9
  • Hanyu Da Zidian (first edition): volume 3, page 1576, character 10
  • Unihan data for U+6CC9

Chinese[edit]

simp. and trad.
alternative forms 𤽄

Glyph origin[edit]

Historical forms of the character
Shang Western Zhou Warring States Shuowen Jiezi (compiled in Han)
Oracle bone script Bronze inscriptions Chu Slip and silk script Small seal script
泉-oracle.svg 泉-bronze.svg 泉-silk.svg 泉-seal.svg

Etymology[edit]

Schuessler (2007) minimally reconstructs the Old Chinese as *dzwan and also reconstructs Proto-Tibeto-Burman *tso (to bubble; to boil) (> Tibetan འཚོད་པ ('tshod pa, to be boiled), Tibetan བཙོས (btsos, to cook in boiling water), Burmese ဆူ (hcu, to boil; to bubble)), and considers (OC *sɡʷen, “spring (of water)”) to be cognate to it (with an n-suffix nominalization). However, STEDT considers the above three Tibeto-Burman terms to be descended from Proto-Tibeto-Burman *tsjow (to boil; to burn; to bake; to bake), to which (OC *ʔsew, “to roast; to burn; to scorch”) is cognate.

Pronunciation[edit]


Note:
  • chôaⁿ - vernacular;
  • choân - literary.
  • Wu
  • Xiang

  • Rime
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    Initial () (15)
    Final () (78)
    Tone (調) Level (Ø)
    Openness (開合) Closed
    Division () III
    Fanqie
    Reconstructions
    Zhengzhang
    Shangfang
    /d͡ziuᴇn/
    Pan
    Wuyun
    /d͡zʷiɛn/
    Shao
    Rongfen
    /d͡zjuæn/
    Edwin
    Pulleyblank
    /d͡zwian/
    Li
    Rong
    /d͡ziuɛn/
    Wang
    Li
    /d͡zĭwɛn/
    Bernard
    Karlgren
    /d͡zʱi̯wɛn/
    Expected
    Mandarin
    Reflex
    quán
    Expected
    Cantonese
    Reflex
    cyun4
    BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    Modern
    Beijing
    (Pinyin)
    quán
    Middle
    Chinese
    ‹ dzjwen ›
    Old
    Chinese
    /*s-N-ɢʷar/ (MC I!)
    English spring, source

    Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

    * Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
    * Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
    * Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
    * Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

    * Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
    Zhengzhang system (2003)
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    No. 10728
    Phonetic
    component
    Rime
    group
    Rime
    subdivision
    2
    Corresponding
    MC rime
    Old
    Chinese
    /*sɡʷen/

    Definitions[edit]

    1. (literary, or in compounds) springwater
    2. (literary, or in compounds) mouth of a spring
    3. (literary, or in compounds) an ancient type of coin
    4. Short for 泉州 (Quánzhōu, “Quanzhou”).

    Synonyms[edit]

    • (springwater):
    edit
    • 水泉 (shuǐquán) (literary or Min Nan)
    • (mouth of a spring):
    edit

    Compounds[edit]


    Japanese[edit]

    Kanji[edit]

    (grade 6 “Kyōiku” kanji)

    1. spring (source of water)

    Readings[edit]

    Compounds[edit]

    Etymology[edit]

    Kanji in this term
    いずみ
    Grade: 6
    kun’yomi

    /idumi//id͡zumi/(for most modern Japanese dialects; see also Yotsugana) /izumi/

    From Old Japanese. Found in the Man'yōshū, completed some time after 759 CE.

    Compound of 出づ (ancient reading idu, modern izu, “to come out”) +‎ (mi, water).[1][2][3][4]

    Pronunciation[edit]

    Noun[edit]

    (いずみ) (izumiいづみ (idumi)?

    1. natural spring, a wellspring
      Synonyms: 湧泉, 涌泉 (yūsen)
      (わか)(がえ)りの(いずみ)
      Wakagaeri no Izumi
      The Fountain of Youth
      • 1999 August 26, “(いずみ)(よう)(せい) [Fairy of the Fountain]”, in BOOSTER 4, Konami:
        (いずみ)(まも)(よう)(せい)(いずみ)(けが)(もの)(よう)(しゃ)なく(こう)(げき)
        Izumi o mamoru yōsei. Izumi o kegasu mono o yōsha naku kōgeki.
        A fairy who mercilessly assaults anyone who dares contaminate the fountain she’s sworn protects.

    Proper noun[edit]

    (いずみ) (Izumiいづみ (idumi)?

    1. a place name
    2. a surname
    3. a female given name

    References[edit]

    1. ^ 1988, 国語大辞典(新装版) (Kokugo Dai Jiten, Revised Edition) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Shogakukan
    2. 2.0 2.1 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, →ISBN
    3. ^ 1995, 大辞泉 (Daijisen) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Shogakukan, →ISBN
    4. 4.0 4.1 1997, 新明解国語辞典 (Shin Meikai Kokugo Jiten), Fifth Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, →ISBN
    5. ^ 1998, NHK日本語発音アクセント辞典 (NHK Japanese Pronunciation Accent Dictionary) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: NHK, →ISBN

    Korean[edit]

    Etymology[edit]

    From Middle Chinese (MC d͡ziuᴇn).

    Historical Readings
    Dongguk Jeongun Reading
    Dongguk Jeongun, 1448 ᄍᆑᆫ (Yale: ccyyèn)
    Middle Korean
    Text Eumhun
    Gloss (hun) Reading
    Hunmong Jahoe, 1527[1] ᄉᆡᆷ〯 (Yale: sǒym) (Yale: chyèn)

    Pronunciation[edit]

    Hanja[edit]

    Korean Wikisource has texts containing the hanja:

    Wikisource

    (eumhun (saem cheon))

    1. Hanja form? of (spring).

    Compounds[edit]

    References[edit]

    • 국제퇴계학회 대구경북지부 (國際退溪學會 大邱慶北支部) (2007). Digital Hanja Dictionary, 전자사전/電子字典. [2]

    Vietnamese[edit]

    Han character[edit]

    : Hán Nôm readings: tuyền

    1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.