黄泉

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See also: 黃泉

Chinese[edit]

For pronunciation and definitions of – see 黃泉 (“underground spring; underworld; the land of the dead”).
(This term, 黄泉, is the simplified form of 黃泉.)
Notes:

Japanese[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

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Kanji in this term
Grade: 2 Grade: 6
Irregular

⟨yo2mo2 → */jəmə/⟨yo2mo⟩ → */jəmo//jomo/

From Old Japanese, first attested in the Kojiki, the oldest extant historical record of ancient Japan, compiled in 712 CE. Appears to be the older combining form of yomi (see below).

The ablaut or apophonic form of cognate (yama, mountain). Mountains were often used as a place to bury the dead and were strongly associated with the afterlife. (Can this(+) etymology be sourced?)

The kanji spelling is jukujikun (熟字訓), borrowed from Chinese 黃泉 (literally yellow springs), incorporating the underworld from Chinese mythology.

Pronunciation[edit]

  • (Irregular reading)

Noun[edit]

黄泉 (shinjitai kanji, kyūjitai kanji 黃泉, hiragana よも, rōmaji yomo)

  1. (Shinto, archaic) the land of the dead; the afterworld, underworld
Usage notes[edit]
  • Takes the Old Japanese possessive particle (tsu), as in the phrase 黄泉つ (yomo tsu).
Derived terms[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

Kanji in this term
Grade: 2 Grade: 6
Irregular

⟨yo2mi2 → */jəmwi//jomi/

From Old Japanese, first attested in the Kojiki (712 CE) alongside its combining form yomo (see above).

Either the ablaut or apophonic form of yomo, or a shift from yomo with the fusion of ancient nominal particle (i). Compare the development of (kamu, god, spirit, bound form occurring in compounds) + (i) (kami, god, spirit, standalone noun form), or (ko, tree, bound form occurring in compounds) + (i) (ki, tree, standalone noun form).

The kanji spelling is jukujikun (熟字訓), borrowed from Chinese 黃泉 (literally yellow springs), incorporating the underworld from Chinese mythology.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

黄泉 (shinjitai kanji, kyūjitai kanji 黃泉, hiragana よみ, rōmaji yomi)

  1. (Shinto) the land of the dead; the afterworld, underworld
    Synonyms: 泉下 (senka), 冥土 (meido), 冥府 (meifu), 黄泉路 (yomiji), 黄泉国 (yomo tsu kuni, yomi no kuni)
Derived terms[edit]

Etymology 3[edit]

Kanji in this term
Grade: 2 Grade: 6
Irregular

Compound of 黄泉 (yomi, land of the dead, underworld, see above) + (chi, road). The chi changes to ji as an instance of rendaku (連濁).

The kanji spelling reflects the extension of the sense from "the road to the underworld" to '"the underworld" itself.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

黄泉 (shinjitai kanji, kyūjitai kanji 黃泉, hiragana よみじ, rōmaji yomiji, historical hiragana よみぢ)

  1. Alternative spelling of 黄泉路 (yomiji): the road to the land of the dead; by extension, the underworld itself
Derived terms[edit]

Etymology 4[edit]

Kanji in this term
こう
Grade: 2
せん
Grade: 6
on’yomi

/kwau sen//kwɔːseɴ//kɔːseɴ//koːseɴ/

From Chinese 黃泉 (literally yellow springs), date of borrowing unknown.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

黄泉 (shinjitai kanji, kyūjitai kanji 黃泉, hiragana こうせん, rōmaji kōsen, historical hiragana くわうせん)

  1. an underground spring
  2. the underworld, the land of the dead
    Synonyms: 冥土 (meido), 黄泉路 (yomiji)
Derived terms[edit]
Proverbs[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 1.3 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, →ISBN
  2. 2.0 2.1 1998, NHK日本語発音アクセント辞典 (NHK Japanese Pronunciation Accent Dictionary) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: NHK, →ISBN