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See also: and
U+8B90, 讐
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-8B90

[U+8B8F]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+8B91]

Translingual[edit]

Han character[edit]

(radical 149, +16, 23 strokes, cangjie input 人土卜一口 (OGYMR), composition)

  1. enemy, rival, opponent

References[edit]


Chinese[edit]

For pronunciation and definitions of – see (“enemy, rival, opponent”).
(This character, , is a variant form of .)

Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(uncommon “Hyōgai” kanji)

  1. enemy
  2. revenge, vengeance

Readings[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Kanji in this term
あだ
Hyōgaiji
kun’yomi

/ata//ada/

A sound shift in the Edo period from earlier form ata, itself from classical verb 当つ (atsu), which became modern 当たる (ataru, to be against).

Pronunciation[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Noun[edit]

(あだ) (ada

  1. an opponent, an enemy, a foe
  2. harm, injury
  3. terrible treatment (of someone or something)
  4. hate towards someone, a grudge

Usage notes[edit]

The spelling is much more common.

Synonyms[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, →ISBN

Korean[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Middle Chinese (MC d͡ʑɨu). Recorded as Middle Korean / (Yale: syu) in Hunmong Jahoe (訓蒙字會 / 훈몽자회), 1527.

Hanja[edit]

Korean Wikisource has texts containing the hanja:

Wikisource

(eumhun 원수(怨讐) (wonsu su))

  1. Hanja form? of (enemy).

Compounds[edit]

References[edit]

  • 국제퇴계학회 대구경북지부 (國際退溪學會 大邱慶北支部) (2007). Digital Hanja Dictionary, 전자사전/電子字典. [1]

Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

: Hán Nôm readings: cừu, thù

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.