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See also:
U+7CA5, 粥
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-7CA5

[U+7CA4]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+7CA6]

Translingual[edit]

Han character[edit]

(radical 119, +6, 12 strokes, cangjie input 弓火木弓 (NFDN), four-corner 17227, composition弓)

Derived characters[edit]

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 908, character 36
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 26938
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1334, character 27
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 2, page 1000, character 4
  • Unihan data for U+7CA5

Chinese[edit]

simp. and trad.
Wikipedia has articles on:
(Written Standard Chinese?)
Congee (English)

Glyph origin[edit]

Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*ʔljuɡ, *luɡ
*luɡ

Etymology[edit]

“congee; rice gruel”
Related to (OC *luɡ), (OC *luɡ, “to nourish”) (Karlgren, 1956; Baxter and Sagart, 2014). Baxter and Sagart (1998) originally derive (OC *t-ljuk) from (OC *ljuk), but later, Baxter and Sagart (2014) derive (OC *t-quk) from a root *quk (to nourish), which is related to (OC *m-quk), as well as (OC *qʰuk, “to nourish”).
Alternatively, it may be related to Tibetan ཐུག་པ (thug pa, Tibetan-style soup, broth, gruel, porridge) (Bodman, 1980; Schuessler, 2007).

Pronunciation 1[edit]


Note: chu̍k - from Cantonese.

Rime
Character
Reading # 2/2
Initial () (23)
Final () (4)
Tone (調) Checked (Ø)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/t͡ɕɨuk̚/
Pan
Wuyun
/t͡ɕiuk̚/
Shao
Rongfen
/t͡ɕiuk̚/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/cuwk̚/
Li
Rong
/t͡ɕiuk̚/
Wang
Li
/t͡ɕĭuk̚/
Bernard
Karlgren
/t͡ɕi̯uk̚/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
zhu
BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
zhōu
Middle
Chinese
‹ tsyuwk ›
Old
Chinese
/*t-quk/
English gruel

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/2
No. 17540
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
1
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*ʔljuɡ/

Definitions[edit]

  1. congee; rice gruel; porridge
  2. weak; feeble
  3. A surname​.
Synonyms[edit]
Dialectal synonyms of (“congee”) [map]
Variety Location Words
Classical Chinese 饘粥
Formal (Written Standard Chinese)
Mandarin Beijing
Taiwan 稀飯
Harbin
Shenyang
Hailar
Ulan Hot
Tongliao
Chifeng
Bayanhot 米湯
Jinan 稀飯
Muping
Luoyang 大米湯
Xi'an 米湯
Qingdao 稀飯
Zhengzhou 米湯
Xining 米湯
Xuzhou
Yinchuan 稀飯
Wuhan 稀飯
Huanggang
Chengdu 稀飯
Guiyang 稀飯
Liuzhou 稀飯
Kunming 稀飯
Yangzhou 稀飯
Nanjing 稀飯
Hefei 稀飯
Sokuluk (Gansu Dungan) 米湯
Cantonese Guangzhou
Hong Kong
Shunde
Foshan
Zhongshan
Dongguan
Hong Kong (Weitou)
Doumen (Shangheng Tanka)
Doumen
Taishan
Kaiping
Shaoguan
Yunfu
Yangjiang
Xinyi
Lianjiang
Danzhou
Kuala Lumpur
Ho Chi Minh City
Gan Nanchang 稀飯
Lichuan
Pingxiang
Hakka Meixian
Changting
Wuping
Ninghua
Yudu 稀飯
Shicheng
Shangyou
Miaoli (N. Sixian)
Liudui (S. Sixian)
Hsinchu (Hailu)
Dongshi (Dabu)
Hsinchu (Raoping)
Yunlin (Zhao'an)
Hong Kong
Senai
Sabah (Longchuan)
Singkawang
Huizhou Jixi
Yixian 飯茶
Qimen
Fuliang
Xianyu (formerly Zhanda)
Jin Taiyuan 稀粥大米粥稀飯
Pingyao 米湯
Xinzhou 稀粥甜稀粥
Baochang
Jining 稀粥
Hohhot 稀粥
Baotou 稀粥
Dongsheng
Linhe
Haibowan 稀飯
Min Bei Jian'ou
Min Dong Fuzhou 飯粥
Changle
Fuqing
Yongtai
Gutian 糜粥
Fu'an 糜粥
Ningde 糜粥
Shouning 糜粥
Zhouning 糜粥
Fuding 糜粥
Matsu 飯粥
Min Nan Xiamen 飲糜
Quanzhou 飲糜
Zhangzhou 飲糜
Taipei
Kaohsiung
Tainan 飲糜仔
Taichung
Wuqi
Hsinchu
Taitung
Lukang
Sanxia
Yilan 飲糜仔
Kinmen 粥糜
Magong
Penang
Singapore 飲糜
Philippines (Manila) 飲糜
Chaozhou
Shantou
Haifeng
Johor Bahru
Wenchang
Haikou
Leizhou
Puxian Min Putian 飲糜
Xianyou 飲糜
Pinghua Nanning
Shehua Fu'an 糜仔
Fuding
Luoyuan 糜粥
Sanming
Shunchang
Guixi
Cangnan
Jingning
Lishui
Longyou
Chaozhou
Fengshun
Wu Shanghai 稀飯
Suzhou
Wuxi
Hangzhou 稀飯
Wenzhou
Chongming 米粥
Danyang 稀飯
Jinhua
Ningbo 米粥
Xiang Changsha 稀飯
Shuangfeng 稀飯
Loudi
Descendants[edit]
Sino-Xenic ():
  • Japanese:  (しゅく) (shuku)
  • Korean: (, juk)

Others:

Compounds[edit]

Pronunciation 2[edit]


Rime
Character
Reading # 1/2
Initial () (36)
Final () (4)
Tone (調) Checked (Ø)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/jɨuk̚/
Pan
Wuyun
/jiuk̚/
Shao
Rongfen
/iuk̚/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/juwk̚/
Li
Rong
/iuk̚/
Wang
Li
/jĭuk̚/
Bernard
Karlgren
/i̯uk̚/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 2/2
No. 17542
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
1
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*luɡ/
Notes

Definitions[edit]

  1. Alternative form of (, “to give birth; to rear”).
  2. Original form of (, “to sell”).
  3. A surname​.

Compounds[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Japanese Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia ja

Kanji[edit]

(“Jinmeiyō” kanji used for names)

  1. congee

Readings[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Kanji in this term
しゅく
Jinmeiyō
on’yomi
Kanji in this term
かい
Jinmeiyō
kun’yomi
Kanji in this term
かゆ
Jinmeiyō
kun’yomi

Noun[edit]

(hiragana かゆ, rōmaji kayu, alternative reading かい, rōmaji kai, alternative reading しゅく, rōmaji shuku)

  1. congee (a type of rice porridge)

Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

(juk, yuk)

  • Eumhun:
    • Sound (hangeul): , (revised: juk, yuk, McCune–Reischauer: chuk, yuk, Yale: cwuk, yuk)
    • Name (hangeul): 미음
  1. congee

Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

: Hán Việt readings: cháo

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.