朝食

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Chinese[edit]

 
morning; to face; towards
morning; to face; towards; facing; direct; a dynasty; the imperial court; (abbr.) Korea, esp. N. Korea
 
eat; food; to feed
eat; food; to feed; animal feed
simp. and trad.
(朝食)
anagram 食朝

Pronunciation[edit]



Rime
Character
Reading # 1/2 2/2
Initial () (9) (27)
Final () (92) (134)
Tone (調) Level (Ø) Checked (Ø)
Openness (開合) Open Open
Division () Chongniu III III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/ʈˠiᴇu/ /ʑɨk̚/
Pan
Wuyun
/ʈᵚiɛu/ /ʑɨk̚/
Shao
Rongfen
/ȶiæu/ /ʑiek̚/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/ʈiaw/ /ʑik̚/
Li
Rong
/ȶjɛu/ /d͡ʑiək̚/
Wang
Li
/ȶĭɛu/ /d͡ʑĭək̚/
Bernard
Karlgren
/ȶi̯ɛu/ /d͡ʑʰi̯ək̚/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
zhāo shí
BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 2/2 1/2
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
zhāo shí
Middle
Chinese
‹ trjew › ‹ zyik ›
Old
Chinese
/*t<r>aw/ /*mə-lək/
English morning eat

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/2 2/2
No. 1307 11477
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
2 0
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*ʔr'ew/ /*ɦljɯɡ/
Notes

Verb[edit]

朝食

  1. (literary) to breakfast; to have breakfast

Noun[edit]

朝食

  1. (literary) breakfast

Synonyms[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Kanji in this term
ちょう
Grade: 2
しょく
Grade: 2
on’yomi kan’on

Etymology[edit]

Ultimately from Middle Chinese 朝食 (MC ʈˠiᴇu ʑɨk̚, literally “morning + eating”). Appears in 1713.[1]

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

朝食(ちょうしょく) (chōshoku (historical kana てうしよく)

  1. breakfast

Synonyms[edit]

Related terms[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ 1988, 国語大辞典(新装版) (Kokugo Dai Jiten, Revised Edition) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Shogakukan
  2. ^ 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, →ISBN
  3. ^ 1998, NHK日本語発音アクセント辞典 (NHK Japanese Pronunciation Accent Dictionary) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: NHK, →ISBN