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Translingual[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *djɯn, *ɦljɯn): semantic  ‎(sun) + phonetic  ‎(OC *djɯn)

Originally written as alone. 辰 now refers primarily to one of the twelve earthly branches.

Han character[edit]

(radical 72 +7, 11 strokes, cangjie input 日一一女 (AMMV), four-corner 60232, composition)

  1. early morning, daybreak

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 496, character 12
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 13962
  • Dae Jaweon: page 862, character 16
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 2, page 1512, character 3
  • Unihan data for U+6668

Chinese[edit]

simp. and trad.

Pronunciation[edit]


Dialectal pronunciations ()
Variety Location
Mandarin Beijing /ʈ͡ʂʰən³⁵/
Harbin /ʈ͡ʂʰən²⁴/
Tianjin /ʈ͡ʂʰən⁴⁵/
/t͡sʰən⁴⁵/
Jinan /ʈ͡ʂʰẽ⁴²/
Qingdao /tʃʰə̃⁴²/
Zhengzhou /ʈ͡ʂʰən⁴²/
Xi'an /ʈ͡ʂʰẽ²⁴/
Xining /ʂə̃²⁴/
Yinchuan /ʈ͡ʂʰəŋ⁵³/
Lanzhou /ʈ͡ʂʰə̃n⁵³/
Ürümqi /ʈ͡ʂʰɤŋ⁵¹/
Wuhan /t͡sʰən²¹³/
Chengdu /sən³¹/
Guiyang /sen²¹/
Kunming /ʂə̃³¹/
Nanjing /ʈ͡ʂʰən²⁴/
Hefei /ʈ͡ʂʰən⁵⁵/
Jin Taiyuan /t͡sʰəŋ¹¹/
Pingyao /ʈ͡ʂʰəŋ¹³/
/ʂʐ̩¹³/ 早~飯
Hohhot /t͡sʰə̃ŋ³¹/
Wu Shanghai /zəŋ¹³/
Suzhou /zən¹³/
Hangzhou /zen²¹³/
Wenzhou /zaŋ³¹/
Hui Shexian /ɕiʌ̃⁴⁴/
Tunxi /t͡sʰin⁴⁴/
Xiang Changsha /ʂən¹³/
Xiangtan /sən¹²/
Gan Nanchang /sɨn⁴⁵/
Hakka Meixian /sən¹¹/
Taoyuan /ʃen¹¹/
Cantonese Guangzhou /sɐn²¹/
Nanning /sɐn²¹/
Hong Kong /sɐn²¹/
Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /sin³⁵/
Fuzhou (Min Dong) /siŋ⁵³/
Jian'ou (Min Bei) /seiŋ²¹/
Shantou (Min Nan) /siŋ⁵⁵/
Haikou (Min Nan) /tin³¹/
Middle Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Character (), Pronunciation 1/2

Initial: (25)
Final: (43)
Tone: Level (Ø)

Openness: Open
Division: III
Fanqie:

Expected Mandarin reflex: chén
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Pan
Wuyun
Shao
Rongfen
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Li
Rong
Wang
Li
Bernard
Karlgren
/d͡ʑiɪn/ /d͡ʑin/ /d͡ʑjen/ /d͡ʑin/ /ʑiĕn/ /ʑĭĕn/ /ʑi̯ĕn/
Character (), Pronunciation 2/2

Initial: (27)
Final: (43)
Tone: Level (Ø)

Openness: Open
Division: III
Fanqie:

Expected Mandarin reflex: shén
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Pan
Wuyun
Shao
Rongfen
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Li
Rong
Wang
Li
Bernard
Karlgren
/ʑiɪn/ /ʑin/ /ʑjen/ /ʑin/ /d͡ʑiĕn/ /d͡ʑĭĕn/ /d͡ʑʰi̯ĕn/
Old Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character Modern Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle Chinese Old Chinese English
chén ‹ dzyin › /*[d]ər/ early
chén ‹ zyin › /*sə-[d]ər/ part of Scorpio; morning

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

  • Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
  • Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
  • Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
  • Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;
  • Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
1373 1 /*djɯn/
1386 1 /*ɦljɯn/

Definitions[edit]

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Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(“Jinmeiyō” kanji used for names)

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Readings[edit]

Compounds[edit]


Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

‎(sin) (hangeul , revised sin, McCune-Reischauer sin, Yale sin)

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Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(thần)

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