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Translingual[edit]

Han character[edit]

(radical 72 +7, 11 strokes, cangjie input 日一一女 (AMMV), four-corner 60232, composition)

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 496, character 12
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 13962
  • Dae Jaweon: page 862, character 16
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 2, page 1512, character 3
  • Unihan data for U+6668

Chinese[edit]

simp. and trad.

Glyph origin[edit]

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *djɯn, *ɦljɯn): semantic  ‎(sun) + phonetic  ‎(OC *djɯn). Originally written as alone; now refers primarily to one of the twelve earthly branches.

Pronunciation[edit]



  • Dialectal data
Variety Location
Mandarin Beijing /ʈ͡ʂʰən³⁵/
Harbin /ʈ͡ʂʰən²⁴/
Tianjin /ʈ͡ʂʰən⁴⁵/
/t͡sʰən⁴⁵/
Jinan /ʈ͡ʂʰẽ⁴²/
Qingdao /tʃʰə̃⁴²/
Zhengzhou /ʈ͡ʂʰən⁴²/
Xi'an /ʈ͡ʂʰẽ²⁴/
Xining /ʂə̃²⁴/
Yinchuan /ʈ͡ʂʰəŋ⁵³/
Lanzhou /ʈ͡ʂʰə̃n⁵³/
Ürümqi /ʈ͡ʂʰɤŋ⁵¹/
Wuhan /t͡sʰən²¹³/
Chengdu /sən³¹/
Guiyang /sen²¹/
Kunming /ʂə̃³¹/
Nanjing /ʈ͡ʂʰən²⁴/
Hefei /ʈ͡ʂʰən⁵⁵/
Jin Taiyuan /t͡sʰəŋ¹¹/
Pingyao /ʈ͡ʂʰəŋ¹³/
/ʂʐ̩¹³/ 早~飯
Hohhot /t͡sʰə̃ŋ³¹/
Wu Shanghai /zəŋ²³/
Suzhou /zən¹³/
Hangzhou /zen²¹³/
Wenzhou /zaŋ³¹/
Hui Shexian /ɕiʌ̃⁴⁴/
Tunxi /t͡sʰin⁴⁴/
Xiang Changsha /ʂən¹³/
Xiangtan /sən¹²/
Gan Nanchang /sɨn⁴⁵/
Hakka Meixian /sən¹¹/
Taoyuan /ʃen¹¹/
Cantonese Guangzhou /sɐn²¹/
Nanning /sɐn²¹/
Hong Kong /sɐn²¹/
Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /sin³⁵/
Fuzhou (Min Dong) /siŋ⁵³/
Jian'ou (Min Bei) /seiŋ²¹/
Shantou (Min Nan) /siŋ⁵⁵/
Haikou (Min Nan) /tin³¹/

Rime
Character
Reading # 1/2 2/2
Initial () (25) (27)
Final () (43) (43)
Tone (調) Level (Ø) Level (Ø)
Openness (開合) Open Open
Division () III III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/d͡ʑiɪn/ /ʑiɪn/
Pan
Wuyun
/d͡ʑin/ /ʑin/
Shao
Rongfen
/d͡ʑjen/ /ʑjen/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/d͡ʑin/ /ʑin/
Li
Rong
/ʑiĕn/ /d͡ʑiĕn/
Wang
Li
/ʑĭĕn/ /d͡ʑĭĕn/
Bernard
Karlgren
/ʑi̯ĕn/ /d͡ʑʰi̯ĕn/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
chén shén
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/2 2/2
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
chén chén
Middle
Chinese
‹ dzyin › ‹ zyin ›
Old
Chinese
/*[d]ər/ /*sə-[d]ər/
English early part of Scorpio; morning

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/2 2/2
No. 1373 1386
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
1 1
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*djɯn/ /*ɦljɯn/

Definitions[edit]

  1. dawn; morning; daybreak
  2. (of cock) to herald the break of day

Compounds[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(“Jinmeiyō” kanji used for names)

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Readings[edit]

Compounds[edit]


Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

‎(sin) (hangeul , revised sin, McCune-Reischauer sin, Yale sin)

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Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(thần)

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