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Translingual[edit]

Han character[edit]

(radical 75 +8, 12 strokes, cangjie input 木十月一 (DJBM), four-corner 44916, composition)

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 536, character 10
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 15023
  • Dae Jaweon: page 923, character 23
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 2, page 1225, character 8
  • Unihan data for U+690D

Chinese[edit]

simp. and trad.

Pronunciation[edit]

Dialectal pronunciations ()
Variety Location
Mandarin Beijing /ʈ͡ʂʐ̩³⁵/
Harbin /ʈ͡ʂʐ̩²¹³/
Tianjin /ʈ͡ʂʐ̩⁴⁵/
Jinan /ʈ͡ʂʐ̩⁴²/
Qingdao /tʃz̩⁵⁵/
Zhengzhou /ʈ͡ʂʐ̩²⁴/
Xi'an /ʈ͡ʂʐ̩²⁴/
Xining /ʈ͡ʂʐ̩²⁴/
Yinchuan /ʈ͡ʂʐ̩¹³/
Lanzhou /ʈ͡ʂʐ̩⁵³/
Ürümqi /ʈ͡ʂʐ̩²¹³/
Wuhan /t͡sz̩²¹³/
Chengdu /t͡sz̩³¹/
Guiyang /t͡sz̩²¹/
Kunming /ʈ͡ʂʐ̩³¹/
Nanjing /ʈ͡ʂʐ̩ʔ⁵/
Hefei /ʈ͡ʂəʔ⁵/
Jin Taiyuan /t͡səʔ⁵⁴/
Pingyao /ʈ͡ʂʌʔ⁵³/
Hohhot /t͡səʔ⁴³/
Wu Shanghai /zəʔ¹/
Suzhou /zəʔ³/
Hangzhou /d͡zəʔ²/
Wenzhou /d͡zei²¹³/
Hui Shexian /t͡ɕʰi²²/
Tunxi /t͡ɕʰi¹¹/
Xiang Changsha /ʈ͡ʂʐ̩²⁴/
Xiangtan /ʈ͡ʂʰʐ̩²⁴/
Gan Nanchang /t͡sʰɨʔ²/
Hakka Meixian /t͡sʰət̚⁵/
Taoyuan /tʃʰït̚⁵⁵/
Cantonese Guangzhou /t͡sek̚²/
Nanning /t͡sek̚²²/
Hong Kong /t͡sik̚²/
Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /sik̚⁵/
/sit̚⁵/
Fuzhou (Min Dong) /t͡siʔ⁵/
Jian'ou (Min Bei) /t͡si²⁴/
Shantou (Min Nan) /sek̚²/
Haikou (Min Nan) /t͡sek̚⁵/
Middle Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Character (), Pronunciation 1/2

Initial: (11)
Final:
Division: III

Openness: Open
Tone: Departing (H)

Fanqie:
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/ɖɨH/ /ȡʱiH/ /ȡiəH/ /ɖɨH/ /ɖɨH/ /ȡĭəH/ /ȡieH/
Character (), Pronunciation 2/2

Initial: (25)
Final:
Division: III

Openness: Open
Tone: Checked (Ø)

Fanqie:
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/d͡ʑɨk̚/ /ʑi̯ək̚/ /ʑiək̚/ /d͡ʑɨk̚/ /d͡ʑik̚/ /ʑĭək̚/ /d͡ʑiek̚/
Old Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character Modern Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle Chinese Old Chinese English
zhí ‹ driH › /*N-t<r>ək-s/ grow, flourish
zhí ‹ driH › /*m-t<r>ək-s/ to plant, set upright
zhí ‹ dzyik › /*m-tək/ to plant; plants

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

  • Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
  • Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
  • Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
  • Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;
  • Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
17263 0 /*dɯɡs/
17273 0 /*djɯɡ/

Definitions[edit]

  1. plant, trees, plants
  2. grow

Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(grade 3 “Kyōiku” kanji)

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Readings[edit]


Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

‎(sik, chi) (hangeul , , revised sik, chi, McCune-Reischauer sik, ch'i, Yale sik, chi)

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Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(thực)

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