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Translingual[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Phono-semantic compound (形聲): semantic  + phonetic 𢦏

Han character[edit]

(radical 75 +6, 10 strokes, cangjie input 十戈木 (JID), four-corner 43950, composition𢦏)

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 524, character 12
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 14750
  • Dae Jaweon: page 913, character 4
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 2, page 1193, character 6
  • Unihan data for U+683D

Chinese[edit]

-
simp. and trad.

Pronunciation[edit]


Middle Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Character (栽), Pronunciation 1/2

Initial: 精 (13)
Final: 咍
Division: I

Openness: Open
Tone: Level (Ø)

Fanqie: 祖才切
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/t͡sʌi/ /t͡sɑ̆i/ /t͡sᴀi/ /t͡səi/ /t͡səj/ /t͡sɒi/ /t͡sɒi/
Character (栽), Pronunciation 2/2

Initial: 從 (15)
Final: 咍
Division: I

Openness: Open
Tone: Departing (H)

Fanqie: 昨代切
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/d͡zʌiH/ /d͡zʱɑ̆iH/ /d͡zᴀiH/ /d͡zəiH/ /d͡zəjH/ /d͡zɒiH/ /d͡zɒiH/
Old Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character Modern Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle Chinese Old Chinese English
zāi ‹ tsoj › /*[ts]ˤə/ plant (v.)

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

  • Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
  • Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
  • Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
  • Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;
  • Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
16489 0 /*ʔslɯː/
16502 0 /*zlɯːs/

Definitions[edit]

  1. to cultivate, plant
  2. to care for plants

Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(common “Jōyō” kanji)

  1. farm
  2. cultivation
  3. plantation

Readings[edit]

Proper noun[edit]

‎(hiragana さい, romaji Sai)

  1. A surname​.

Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

‎(jae) (hangeul , revised jae, McCune-Reischauer chae, Yale cay)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.

Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(tài, trài)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.