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Translingual[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *ʔslɯː, *zlɯːs): semantic  + phonetic 𢦏

Han character[edit]

(radical 75 +6, 10 strokes, cangjie input 十戈木 (JID), four-corner 43950, composition𢦏)

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 524, character 12
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 14750
  • Dae Jaweon: page 913, character 4
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 2, page 1193, character 6
  • Unihan data for U+683D

Chinese[edit]

simp. and trad.

Pronunciation[edit]



Rime
Character
Reading # 1/2 2/2
Initial () (13) (15)
Final () (41) (41)
Tone (調) Level (Ø) Departing (H)
Openness (開合) Open Open
Division () I I
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/t͡sʌi/ /d͡zʌiH/
Pan
Wuyun
/t͡səi/ /d͡zəiH/
Shao
Rongfen
/t͡sɒi/ /d͡zɒiH/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/t͡səj/ /d͡zəjH/
Li
Rong
/t͡sᴀi/ /d͡zᴀiH/
Wang
Li
/t͡sɒi/ /d͡zɒiH/
Bernard
Karlgren
/t͡sɑ̆i/ /d͡zʱɑ̆iH/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
zāi zài
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
zāi
Middle
Chinese
‹ tsoj ›
Old
Chinese
/*[ts]ˤə/
English plant (v.)

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/2 2/2
No. 16489 16502
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
0 0
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*ʔslɯː/ /*zlɯːs/

Definitions[edit]

  1. to cultivate, plant
  2. to care for plants

Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(common “Jōyō” kanji)

  1. farm
  2. cultivation
  3. plantation

Readings[edit]

Proper noun[edit]

‎(hiragana さい, romaji Sai)

  1. A surname​.

Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

‎(jae) (hangeul , revised jae, McCune-Reischauer chae, Yale cay)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.

Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(tài, trài)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.