盆栽

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Chinese[edit]

basin to force; to stick in; to plant
trad. (盆栽)
simp. #(盆栽)

Pronunciation[edit]


Verb[edit]

盆栽

  1. to pot (a plant)

Noun[edit]

盆栽

  1. potted plant
  2. bonsai (a miniaturized tree or plant)

Synonyms[edit]

  • (bonsai):

Japanese[edit]

Kanji in this term
ぼん
Grade: S
さい
Grade: S
goon on’yomi

Etymology[edit]

Borrowed from written Chinese 盆栽 (pénzāi) as a kind of calque of the older Japanese term 鉢植え (hachiue, potted plant, literally pot + planting), based on the synonymous meanings of the individual kanji: (bon) can refer to a pot, while (sai) can refer to a plant.

First cited to a collection of 漢詩 (kanshi, Chinese-style poetry) from 1832.[1]

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

(ぼん)(さい) (bonsai

  1. [from 1832] a potted plant that has been grown and aesthetically trimmed for the purpose of viewing: a bonsai, a dwarf tree

References[edit]

  1. ^ 盆栽”, in 日本国語大辞典 (Nihon Kokugo Daijiten, Nihon Kokugo Daijiten)[1] (in Japanese), concise edition, Tōkyō: Shogakukan, 2000
  2. ^ Matsumura, Akira, editor (2006), 大辞林 [Daijirin] (in Japanese), Third edition, Tokyo: Sanseidō, →ISBN

Korean[edit]

Hanja in this term

Noun[edit]

盆栽 (bunjae) (hangeul 분재)

  1. Hanja form? of 분재 (a potted plant that has been grown and aesthetically trimmed for the purpose of viewing; a bonsai, a dwarf tree).

Vietnamese[edit]

chữ Hán Nôm in this term

Noun[edit]

盆栽

  1. chữ Hán form of bồn tài (a potted plant that has been grown and aesthetically trimmed for the purpose of viewing; a bonsai, a dwarf tree).