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See also:
U+8123, 脣
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-8123

[U+8122]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+8124]

Translingual[edit]

Han character[edit]

(radical 130, +7, 11 strokes, cangjie input 一女月 (MVB), four-corner 71227, composition or ⿱)

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 983, character 23
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 29526
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1436, character 14
  • Hanyu Da Zidian (first edition): volume 3, page 2076, character 9
  • Unihan data for U+8123

Chinese[edit]

trad. /*
simp. *

Glyph origin[edit]

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *ɦljun): phonetic  (OC *djɯn) + semantic  (flesh).

Etymology[edit]

Original meaning was apparently “edge”. Related to (OC *ɦljun, “bank of a river”), (OC *djɯn, “eave (i.e. edge of a roof)”) and (OC *kljɯnʔ, *klɯnʔ, “ulcer of the lip”) (Wang, 1982).

Further etymology is not clear. The various theories are:

Pronunciation[edit]


Note:
  • tûn - vernacular;
  • sûn - literary.
  • Wu

    • Dialectal data
    Variety Location 脣 (唇)
    Mandarin Beijing /ʈ͡ʂʰuən³⁵/
    Harbin /ʈ͡ʂuən²⁴/
    Tianjin /ʈ͡ʂʰuən⁴⁵/
    /t͡sʰuən⁴⁵/
    Jinan /ʈ͡ʂʰuẽ⁴²/
    Qingdao /ʈ͡ʂʰuə̃⁴²/
    Zhengzhou /ʈ͡ʂʰuən⁴²/
    Xi'an /p͡fʰẽ²⁴/
    Xining /fə̃²⁴/
    Yinchuan /ʈ͡ʂʰuŋ⁵³/
    Lanzhou /p͡fʰə̃n⁵³/
    Ürümqi /ʈ͡ʂʰuŋ⁵¹/
    Wuhan /ɕyn²¹³/
    Chengdu /suən³¹/
    Guiyang /suen²¹/
    Kunming /ʂuə̃¹/
    Nanjing /ʂun²⁴/
    Hefei /ʈ͡ʂʰuən⁵⁵/
    Jin Taiyuan /t͡sʰuəŋ¹¹/
    Pingyao /suŋ¹³/
    Hohhot /t͡sʰũŋ³¹/
    Wu Shanghai /zəŋ²³/
    Suzhou /zən¹³/
    Hangzhou /d͡zz̩ʷen²¹³/
    Wenzhou /joŋ³¹/
    Hui Shexian /ɕiʌ̃⁴⁴/
    /ɕyʌ̃⁴⁴/
    Tunxi /ɕyan⁴⁴/
    Xiang Changsha /ʂən¹³/
    Xiangtan /ʂən¹²/
    Gan Nanchang /sun⁴⁵/
    Hakka Meixian /sun¹¹/
    Taoyuan /ʃun¹¹/
    Cantonese Guangzhou /søn²¹/
    Nanning /sɐn²¹/
    Hong Kong /søn²¹/
    Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /sun³⁵/
    /tun³⁵/
    Fuzhou (Min Dong) /suŋ⁵³/
    Jian'ou (Min Bei) /sœyŋ²¹/
    /œyŋ²¹/
    Shantou (Min Nan) /tuŋ⁵⁵/
    Haikou (Min Nan) /ʔdun³¹/

    Rime
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    Initial () (27)
    Final () (47)
    Tone (調) Level (Ø)
    Openness (開合) Closed
    Division () III
    Fanqie
    Reconstructions
    Zhengzhang
    Shangfang
    /ʑiuɪn/
    Pan
    Wuyun
    /ʑʷin/
    Shao
    Rongfen
    /ʑjuen/
    Edwin
    Pulleyblank
    /ʑwin/
    Li
    Rong
    /d͡ʑiuĕn/
    Wang
    Li
    /d͡ʑĭuĕn/
    Bernard
    Karlgren
    /d͡ʑʰi̯uĕn/
    Expected
    Mandarin
    Reflex
    shún
    BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    Modern
    Beijing
    (Pinyin)
    chún
    Middle
    Chinese
    ‹ zywin ›
    Old
    Chinese
    /*sə.dur/
    English lip

    Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

    * Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
    * Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
    * Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
    * Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

    * Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
    Zhengzhang system (2003)
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    No. 1389
    Phonetic
    component
    Rime
    group
    Rime
    subdivision
    2
    Corresponding
    MC rime
    Old
    Chinese
    /*ɦljun/
    Notes

    Definitions[edit]

    1. (anatomy) lip
    2. (figuratively) lip-shaped thing
    3. (Hakka, Min Nan) side; edge
      / [Hakka]  ―  lu-sùn [Pha̍k-fa-sṳ]  ―  roadside
      耳仔 / 耳仔 [Min Nan]  ―  hīⁿ-á tûn [Pe̍h-ōe-jī]  ―  helix of the ear

    Synonyms[edit]

    Compounds[edit]


    Japanese[edit]

    Kanji[edit]

    (uncommon “Hyōgai” kanji)

    1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

    Readings[edit]


    Korean[edit]

    Hanja[edit]

    (sun, min) (hangeul , , revised sun, min, McCune–Reischauer sun, min, Yale swun, min)

    1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

    Compounds[edit]


    Vietnamese[edit]

    Han character[edit]

    (thần)

    1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.