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U+8123, 脣
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-8123

[U+8122]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+8124]
See also:

Translingual[edit]

Han character[edit]

(radical 130 +7, 11 strokes, cangjie input 一女月 (MVB), four-corner 71227, composition or ⿱)

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 983, character 23
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 29526
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1436, character 14
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 3, page 2076, character 9
  • Unihan data for U+8123

Chinese[edit]

trad. /
simp.

Glyph origin[edit]

Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*tʰɯl, *tʰɯnʔ, *tʰɯn
*tɯnʔ, *djɯn
*tjɯn, *tjɯns
*tjɯn, *tjɯn
*tjɯn, *djɯn
*tjɯn, *ɦljun
*tjɯn
*tjɯnʔ, *tjɯns
*tjɯnʔ
*tjɯnʔ, *djɯn
*tjɯn
*tjɯns, *hljɯn
*djɯns, *djɯnʔ, *djins
*djɯn
*djɯn, *ɦljɯn
*djɯn
*djɯn
*djɯn
*djɯnʔ
*djɯnʔ
*djɯnʔ
*ŋrɯnʔ, *ŋ̥ʰjaɡ, *ŋaɡ
*djun
*ɦljun
*ɦljun

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *ɦljun): phonetic  (OC *djɯn) + semantic  (flesh).

Etymology[edit]

Original meaning was apparently “edge”. Related to (OC *ɦljun, “bank of a river”), (OC *djɯn, “eave (i.e. edge of a roof)”) and (OC *kljɯnʔ, *klɯnʔ, “ulcer of the lip”) (Wang, 1982).

Further etymology is not clear. The various theories are:

Pronunciation[edit]


Note:
  • tûn - vernacular;
  • sûn - literary.

  • Dialectal data
Variety Location 脣 (唇)
Mandarin Beijing /ʈ͡ʂʰuən³⁵/
Harbin /ʈ͡ʂuən²⁴/
Tianjin /ʈ͡ʂʰuən⁴⁵/
/t͡sʰuən⁴⁵/
Jinan /ʈ͡ʂʰuẽ⁴²/
Qingdao /ʈ͡ʂʰuə̃⁴²/
Zhengzhou /ʈ͡ʂʰuən⁴²/
Xi'an /p͡fʰẽ²⁴/
Xining /fə̃²⁴/
Yinchuan /ʈ͡ʂʰuŋ⁵³/
Lanzhou /p͡fʰə̃n⁵³/
Ürümqi /ʈ͡ʂʰuŋ⁵¹/
Wuhan /ɕyn²¹³/
Chengdu /suən³¹/
Guiyang /suen²¹/
Kunming /ʂuə̃¹/
Nanjing /ʂun²⁴/
Hefei /ʈ͡ʂʰuən⁵⁵/
Jin Taiyuan /t͡sʰuəŋ¹¹/
Pingyao /suŋ¹³/
Hohhot /t͡sʰũŋ³¹/
Wu Shanghai /zəŋ²³/
Suzhou /zən¹³/
Hangzhou /d͡zz̩ʷen²¹³/
Wenzhou /joŋ³¹/
Hui Shexian /ɕiʌ̃⁴⁴/
/ɕyʌ̃⁴⁴/
Tunxi /ɕyan⁴⁴/
Xiang Changsha /ʂən¹³/
Xiangtan /ʂən¹²/
Gan Nanchang /sun⁴⁵/
Hakka Meixian /sun¹¹/
Taoyuan /ʃun¹¹/
Cantonese Guangzhou /søn²¹/
Nanning /sɐn²¹/
Hong Kong /søn²¹/
Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /sun³⁵/
/tun³⁵/
Fuzhou (Min Dong) /suŋ⁵³/
Jian'ou (Min Bei) /sœyŋ²¹/
/œyŋ²¹/
Shantou (Min Nan) /tuŋ⁵⁵/
Haikou (Min Nan) /ʔdun³¹/

Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (27)
Final () (47)
Tone (調) Level (Ø)
Openness (開合) Closed
Division () III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/ʑiuɪn/
Pan
Wuyun
/ʑʷin/
Shao
Rongfen
/ʑjuen/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/ʑwin/
Li
Rong
/d͡ʑiuĕn/
Wang
Li
/d͡ʑĭuĕn/
Bernard
Karlgren
/d͡ʑʰi̯uĕn/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
shún
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
chún
Middle
Chinese
‹ zywin ›
Old
Chinese
/*sə.dur/
English lip

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1
No. 1389
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
2
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*ɦljun/
Notes

Definitions[edit]

  1. (anatomy) lip
  2. (figuratively) lip-shaped thing
  3. (Hakka, Min Nan) side; edge
    / [Hakka]  ―  lu-sùn [Pha̍k-fa-sṳ]  ―  roadside
    耳仔 / 耳仔 [Min Nan]  ―  hīⁿ-á tûn [Pe̍h-ōe-jī]  ―  helix of the ear

Compounds[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(uncommon “Hyōgai” kanji)

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Readings[edit]


Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

(sun, min) (hangeul , , revised sun, min, McCune-Reischauer sun, min, Yale swun, min)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

Compounds[edit]


Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(thần)

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