lunch

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English[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Recorded since 1580; presumably short for luncheon, but earliest found also as lunshin, lunching, equivalent to lunch +‎ -ing, with the suffix -ing later modified to simulate a French origin. Lunch is possibly a variant of lump (as hunch is for hump, etc.), or represents an alteration of nuncheon, from Middle English nonechenche (light mid-day meal) (see nuncheon) and altered by northern English dialect lunch (hunk of bread or cheese) (1590), which perhaps is from lump or from Spanish lonja (a slice, literally loin).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

lunch (countable and uncountable, plural lunches)

  1. A light meal usually eaten around midday, notably when not as main meal of the day.
    • 1898, Winston Churchill, chapter 5, in The Celebrity:
      We made an odd party before the arrival of the Ten, particularly when the Celebrity dropped in for lunch or dinner.
  2. (cricket) A break in play between the first and second sessions.
  3. (Minnesota, US) Any small meal, especially one eaten at a social gathering.
    After the funeral there was a lunch for those who didn't go to the cemetery.

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Verb[edit]

lunch (third-person singular simple present lunches, present participle lunching, simple past and past participle lunched)

  1. (intransitive) To eat lunch.
    I like to lunch in Italian restaurants.
    • Cole Porter
      Miss Otis regrets she's unable to lunch today.
    • 1909, Frank Sidgwick, Love and battles (page 291)
      The gentleman had left for London after lunch. Yes, alone; but he had lunched in the hotel with a lady.
  2. (transitive) To treat to lunch.
    • H. G. Wells
      We dined him, we lunched him, we were photographed in his company by flashlight.

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Dutch[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From English lunch.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

lunch m (plural lunchen or lunches, diminutive lunchje n)

  1. A lunch, meal around noon

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Verb[edit]

lunch

  1. first-person singular present indicative of lunchen
  2. imperative of lunchen

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French[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From English

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

lunch m (plural lunchs)

  1. A lunch, (usually light) meal around noon
  2. A light meal with sandwiches, cold cuts, pastry etc. served at a festive reception

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Spanish[edit]

Noun[edit]

lunch m (plural lunches)

  1. lunch

Swedish[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From English lunch.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

lunch c

  1. a lunch, a meal eaten about noon

Declension[edit]

Declension of lunch 
Singular Plural
Indefinite Definite Indefinite Definite
Nominative lunch lunchen luncher luncherna
Genitive lunchs lunchens lunchers lunchernas

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