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Translingual[edit]

Stroke order
典-bw.png
Japanese stroke order
典-jbw.png

Han character[edit]

(radical 12 +6, 8 strokes, cangjie input 廿月金 (TBC), four-corner 55801)

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 128, character 2
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 1474
  • Dae Jaweon: page 286, character 12
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 1, page 247, character 1
  • Unihan data for U+5178

Chinese[edit]

simp. and trad.
alt. forms 𠔓

Glyph origin[edit]

Historical forms of the character





References:

Mostly from Richard Sears' Chinese Etymology site (authorisation),
which in turn draws data from various collections of ancient forms of Chinese characters, including:

  • Shuowen Jiezi (small seal),
  • Jinwen Bian (bronze inscriptions),
  • Liushutong (large seal) and
  • Xu Jiaguwen Bian (oracle bone script).

Ideogrammic compound (會意):  ‎(books) +  ‎(table) – (official) books on a table.

Current form resembles the unrelated .

Pronunciation[edit]



  • Dialectal data
Variety Location
Mandarin Beijing /tian²¹⁴/
Harbin /tian²¹³/
Tianjin /tian¹³/
Jinan /tiã⁵⁵/
Qingdao /tiã⁵⁵/
Zhengzhou /tian⁵³/
Xi'an /tiã⁵³/
Xining /tiã⁵³/
Yinchuan /tian⁵³/
Lanzhou /tiɛ̃n⁴⁴²/
Ürümqi /tian⁵¹/
Wuhan /tiɛn⁴²/
Chengdu /tian⁵³/
Guiyang /tian⁴²/ 家~
/tian²¹³/ ~當
Kunming /tiɛ̃⁵³/
Nanjing /tien²¹²/
Hefei /tiĩ²⁴/
Jin Taiyuan /tie⁵³/
Pingyao /tie̞⁵³/
Hohhot /tie⁵³/
Wu Shanghai /ti³⁵/
Suzhou /tiɪ⁵¹/
Hangzhou /tiẽ̞⁵³/
Wenzhou /ti³⁵/
Hui Shexian /te³⁵/
Tunxi /tiɛ³¹/
Xiang Changsha /tiẽ⁴¹/
Xiangtan /tiẽ⁴²/
Gan Nanchang /tiɛn²¹³/
Hakka Meixian /tien³¹/
Taoyuan /tien³¹/
Cantonese Guangzhou /tin³⁵/
Nanning /tim³⁵/
Hong Kong /tin³⁵/
Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /tian⁵³/
Fuzhou (Min Dong) /tɛiŋ³²/
Jian'ou (Min Bei) /tiŋ²¹/
Shantou (Min Nan) /tiaŋ⁵³/
Haikou (Min Nan) /ʔdin²¹³/
/ʔdai²¹³/

Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (5)
Final () (85)
Tone (調) Rising (X)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () IV
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/tenX/
Pan
Wuyun
/tenX/
Shao
Rongfen
/tɛnX/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/tɛnX/
Li
Rong
/tenX/
Wang
Li
/tienX/
Bernard
Karlgren
/tienX/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
diǎn
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
diǎn
Middle
Chinese
‹ tenX ›
Old
Chinese
/*tˤə[r]ʔ/
English statute, norm

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1
No. 2342
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
1
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*tɯːnʔ/

Definitions[edit]

  1. law; canon
  2. documentation
  3. classic; scripture

Compounds[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(grade 4 “Kyōiku” kanji)

Readings[edit]

Compounds[edit]

Noun[edit]

‎(hiragana てん, romaji ten)

  1. ceremony
    • 華燭
      かしょくのてん
      kashoku no ten
      wedding ceremony
  2. rule

Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

‎(jeon) (hangeul , revised jeon, McCune-Reischauer chŏn)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.

Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(điển, đến, điếng)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.