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Translingual[edit]

shinjitai

simplified

traditional

Etymology[edit]

Ideogrammic compound (會意):  + 

Due to differences in form of radical, Japanese form rather analyzed as  + .

Han character[edit]

(radical 63 +5, 9 strokes, cangjie input 竹尸月廿 (HSBT) or 戈尸月廿 (ISBT) or X戈尸月廿 (XISBT), four-corner 30227, composition or ⿸ or ⿸)

  1. (adjective) flat
  2. tablet, signboard

Derived characters[edit]

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 415, character 22
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 11724
  • Dae Jaweon: page 760, character 9
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 3, page 2261, character 11
  • Unihan data for U+6241

Chinese[edit]

simp. and trad.

Pronunciation[edit]


Middle Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Character (), Pronunciation 1/4

Initial: (2)
Final:
Division: III

Openness: Open
Tone: Level (Ø)

Fanqie:
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/pʰiᴇn/ /pʰi̯ɛn/ /pʰiɛn/ /pʰiɛn/ /pʰian/ /pʰĭɛn/ /pʰjæn/
Character (), Pronunciation 2/4

Initial: (1)
Final:
Division: IV

Openness: Open
Tone: Rising (X)

Fanqie:
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/penX/ /pienX/ /penX/ /penX/ /pɛnX/ /pienX/ /pɛnX/
Character (), Pronunciation 3/4

Initial: (3)
Final:
Division: IV

Openness: Open
Tone: Rising (X)

Fanqie:
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/benX/ /bʱienX/ /benX/ /benX/ /bɛnX/ /bienX/ /bɛnX/
Character (), Pronunciation 4/4

Initial: (3)
Final:
Division: III

Openness: Open
Tone: Rising (X)

Fanqie:
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/biᴇnX/ /bʱi̯ɛnX/ /biɛnX/ /biɛnX/ /bianX/ /bĭɛnX/ /bjænX/
Old Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character Modern Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle Chinese Old Chinese English
biǎn ‹ penX › /*pˤe[r]ʔ/ flat and thin

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

  • Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
  • Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
  • Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
  • Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;
  • Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
715 2 /*pʰen/
724 2 /*benʔ/
732 2 /*peːnʔ/
744 2 /*beːnʔ/

Adjective[edit]

  1. flat and thin (like a pancake)
    呢個枕頭已經 / 呢个枕头已经 [Cantonese]  ―  Ni1 go3 zam2 tau4 ji5 ging1 co5 dou3 bin2 saai3. [Jyutping]  ―  This pillow has been sat on until it's all flat.

See also[edit]

  • (báo)
  • (píng, “flat; smooth; level”)

Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(uncommon “Hyōgai” kanji)

  1. flat (adjective)

Readings[edit]


Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

‎(pyeon, byeon)
Eumhun:

  • Sound (hangeul): ,  (revised: pyeon, byeon, McCune-Reischauer: p'yŏn, pyŏn, Yale: phyen, pyen)
  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.

Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

扁 (biển, bẽn, bên, thiên)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.