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See also:
U+6241, 扁
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-6241

[U+6240]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+6242]

Translingual[edit]

Shinjitai
Simplified
Traditional

Han character[edit]

(radical 63 +5, 9 strokes, cangjie input 竹尸月廿 (HSBT) or 戈尸月廿 (ISBT) or X戈尸月廿 (XISBT), four-corner 30227, composition or ⿸ or ⿸)

Derived characters[edit]

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 415, character 22
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 11724
  • Dae Jaweon: page 760, character 9
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 3, page 2261, character 11
  • Unihan data for U+6241

Chinese[edit]

simp. and trad.

Glyph origin[edit]

Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
preːn, *praːn
鯿 praːn, *pen
pen, *peːn, *peːnʔ
pen
penʔ
pʰen
pʰen, *pʰens
pʰen
pʰen
pʰen, *benʔ, *peːnʔ, *beːnʔ
pʰen, *peːn, *peːnʔ
pʰens
pʰens
ben, *brenʔ, *benʔ
ben, *beːn
peːn
peːn
peːn, *binʔ
peːn
peːn, *beːn
peːnʔ
peːnʔ
peːnʔ
peːnʔ
peːns
peːns
peːns, *ɢʷaʔ, *qʰʷan
beːnʔ

Ideogrammic compound (會意):  (door) +  (bamboo tablets) – to inscribe on the door.

Etymology 1[edit]

Pronunciation 1[edit]


Note:
  • bēng - vernacular;
  • biēng - literary.
Note:
  • pián - literary;
  • píⁿ/pín/pún - vernacular.

Rime
Character
Reading # 2/4 4/4 3/4
Initial () (1) (3) (3)
Final () (85) (77) (85)
Tone (調) Rising (X) Rising (X) Rising (X)
Openness (開合) Open Open Open
Division () IV III IV
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/penX/ /biᴇnX/ /benX/
Pan
Wuyun
/penX/ /biɛnX/ /benX/
Shao
Rongfen
/pɛnX/ /bjænX/ /bɛnX/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/pɛnX/ /bianX/ /bɛnX/
Li
Rong
/penX/ /biɛnX/ /benX/
Wang
Li
/pienX/ /bĭɛnX/ /bienX/
Bernard
Karlgren
/pienX/ /bʱi̯ɛnX/ /bʱienX/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
biǎn biàn biàn
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
biǎn
Middle
Chinese
‹ penX ›
Old
Chinese
/*pˤe[r]ʔ/
English flat and thin

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 3/4 2/4 4/4
No. 732 724 744
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
2 2 2
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*peːnʔ/ /*benʔ/ /*beːnʔ/
Definitions[edit]

  1. flat and thin (like a pancake)
      ―  cǎibiǎn  ―  to trample flat
  2. to inscribe on the door
  3. to curl one's lips
  4. to underestimate; to underrate
  5. (dialectal) to beat; to give someone a good beating
  6. (dialectal) to hide in the waist
  7. Original form of (biǎn, “horizontal inscribed board; tablet; signboard”).
  8. A surname​.
See also[edit]
  • (báo)
  • (píng, “flat; smooth; level”)
Compounds[edit]

Pronunciation 2[edit]



Rime
Character
Reading # 1/4
Initial () (2)
Final () (77)
Tone (調) Level (Ø)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/pʰiᴇn/
Pan
Wuyun
/pʰiɛn/
Shao
Rongfen
/pʰjæn/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/pʰian/
Li
Rong
/pʰiɛn/
Wang
Li
/pʰĭɛn/
Bernard
Karlgren
/pʰi̯ɛn/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
piān
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/4
No. 715
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
2
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*pʰen/
Definitions[edit]

  1. small; little; narrow
  2. Alternative form of (piān, “out-of-the-way; remote; one-sided”).
Compounds[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

For pronunciation and definitions of – see .
(This character, , is the second-round simplified form of .)
Notes:

Etymology 3[edit]

For pronunciation and definitions of – see .
(This character, , is the second-round simplified form of .)
Notes:

Etymology 4[edit]

For pronunciation and definitions of – see .
(This character, , is the second-round simplified form of .)
Notes:

Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(uncommon “Hyōgai” kanji)

  1. flat (adjective)

Readings[edit]


Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

(pyeon, byeon)

  • Eumhun:
    • Sound (hangeul): , (revised: pyeon, byeon, McCune-Reischauer: p'yŏn, pyŏn, Yale: phyen, pyen)
    • Name (hangeul): 작을
  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

扁 (biển, bẽn, bên, thiên)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.