扁桃

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Chinese[edit]

 
flat; tablet; inscription; small boat
peach
simp. and trad.
(扁桃)
variant forms 偏桃
匾桃
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扁桃

Etymology[edit]

A Central Asian import during the Medieval period. Perhaps a phono-semantic matching of Persian بادام(bâdâm, almond) (as per Cihai), semantically construed as the “flat peach”.

Pronunciation[edit]


Noun[edit]

扁桃

  1. almond
  2. flat peach

Synonyms[edit]

  • (almond): 杏仁 (xìngrén)
  • (flat peach): 蟠桃 (pántáo)

Derived terms[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Japanese Wikipedia has an article on:
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English Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia
扁桃 (hentō): the tonsils.
Kanji in this term
へん
Hyōgaiji
とう
Grade: S
on’yomi

Etymology[edit]

/pentau//fentau//hentau//hentɔː//hentoː/

From Middle Chinese compound 扁桃 (penX daw, literally flat, thin + peach), from the way the almond fruit resembles a flat, thin peach.

The modern sense of tonsil came about by contraction from the full term 扁桃腺 (hentōsen, literally almond gland).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

扁桃 (hiragana へんとう, katakana ヘントウ, rōmaji hentō, historical hiragana へんたう)

  1. almond
  2. tonsil (from the almond shape)

Synonyms[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, →ISBN
  • 1988, 国語大辞典(新装版) (Kokugo Dai Jiten, Revised Edition) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Shogakukan