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Translingual[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *pen, *peːn, *peːnʔ): semantic  ‎(thread) + phonetic  ‎(OC *pʰen, *benʔ, *peːnʔ, *beːnʔ) – to knit together a book (with thread).

Han character[edit]

(radical 120 +9, 15 strokes, cangjie input 女火竹尸月 (VFHSB) or 女火戈尸月 (VFISB), four-corner 23927, composition)

  1. knit, weave
  2. arrange
  3. compile

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 931, character 8
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 27665
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1369, character 10
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 5, page 3431, character 5
  • Unihan data for U+7DE8

Chinese[edit]

trad.
simp.

Pronunciation[edit]


Middle Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Character (), Pronunciation 1/3

Initial: (1)
Final: (85)
Tone: Level (Ø)

Openness: Open
Division: IV
Fanqie:

Expected Mandarin reflex: biān
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Pan
Wuyun
Shao
Rongfen
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Li
Rong
Wang
Li
Bernard
Karlgren
/pen/ /pen/ /pɛn/ /pɛn/ /pen/ /pien/ /pien/
Character (), Pronunciation 2/3

Initial: (1)
Final: (77)
Tone: Level (Ø)

Openness: Open
Division: III
Fanqie:

Expected Mandarin reflex: biān
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Pan
Wuyun
Shao
Rongfen
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Li
Rong
Wang
Li
Bernard
Karlgren
/piᴇn/ /piɛn/ /pjæn/ /pian/ /piɛn/ /pĭɛn/ /pi̯ɛn/
Character (), Pronunciation 3/3

Initial: (1)
Final: (85)
Tone: Rising (X)

Openness: Open
Division: IV
Fanqie:

Expected Mandarin reflex: biǎn
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Pan
Wuyun
Shao
Rongfen
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Li
Rong
Wang
Li
Bernard
Karlgren
/penX/ /penX/ /pɛnX/ /pɛnX/ /penX/ /pienX/ /pienX/
Old Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character Modern Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle Chinese Old Chinese English
biān ‹ pen › /*pˤe[r]/ plait, weave
biān ‹ pjien › /*pe[r] (~ *mə-pe[r] in donor to HM)/ plait, weave

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

  • Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
  • Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
  • Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
  • Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;
  • Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
707 2 /*pen/
728 2 /*peːn/
735 2 /*peːnʔ/

Verb[edit]

  1. to weave
  2. to edit
  3. to write; to compose; to author
  4. to make up

Compounds[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(grade 5 “Kyōiku” kanji)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.

Readings[edit]

Compounds[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Kanji in this term
へん
Grade: 5
on'yomi

From Middle Chinese ‎(pen).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

‎(hiragana へん, romaji hen)

  1. compilation

References[edit]

  1. ^ 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, ISBN 4-385-13905-9
  2. ^ 1998, NHK日本語発音アクセント辞典 (NHK Japanese Pronunciation Accent Dictionary) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: NHK, ISBN 978-4-14-011112-3

Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

‎(pyeon, byeon) (hangeul , , revised pyeon, byeon, McCune-Reischauer p'yŏn, pyŏn, Yale phyen, pyen)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.

Compounds[edit]


Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(biên)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.