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Translingual[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *ljuds): semantic  + phonetic 

Han character[edit]

(radical 162 +9, 13 strokes, cangjie input 卜廿心人 (YTPO), four-corner 38303, composition)

Derived terms[edit]

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 1260, character 32
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 38985
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1751, character 3
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 6, page 3862, character 3
  • Unihan data for U+9042

Chinese[edit]

simp. and trad.

Pronunciation[edit]



  • Dialectal data
Variety Location
Mandarin Beijing /suei⁵¹/
Harbin /suei²⁴/
Tianjin /suei⁴⁵/
Jinan /suei⁴²/
Qingdao /sue⁴²/
Zhengzhou /suei⁴²/
Xi'an /suei²⁴/
Xining /suɨ²¹³/
Yinchuan /suei⁵³/
Lanzhou /suei¹³/
Ürümqi /suei⁵¹/
Wuhan /sei³⁵/
Chengdu /ɕy¹³/
/suei¹³/
Guiyang /ɕi²¹³/
Kunming /suei²¹²/
Nanjing /suəi⁴⁴/
Hefei /se⁵⁵/
Jin Taiyuan /suei⁴⁵/
Pingyao
Hohhot /suei⁵⁵/
Wu Shanghai /zø²³/
Suzhou /ze̞³¹/
Hangzhou /zz̩ʷei¹³/
Wenzhou /zz̩²²/
Hui Shexian /t͡ɕʰy²²/
Tunxi
Xiang Changsha /sei⁵⁵/
Xiangtan /səi⁵⁵/
Gan Nanchang /sui²¹/ ~川縣
Hakka Meixian /sui⁵³/
Taoyuan /sui⁵⁵/
Cantonese Guangzhou /søy²²/
Nanning /ɬui²²/
Hong Kong /søy²²/
Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /sui²²/
Fuzhou (Min Dong) /suɔi²⁴²/
Jian'ou (Min Bei) /sy⁴⁴/
Shantou (Min Nan) /sui⁵⁵/
Haikou (Min Nan) /t͡sui³³/

Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (17)
Final () (16)
Tone (調) Departing (H)
Openness (開合) Closed
Division () III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/ziuɪH/
Pan
Wuyun
/zʷiH/
Shao
Rongfen
/zjuɪH/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/zwiH/
Li
Rong
/zuiH/
Wang
Li
/zwiH/
Bernard
Karlgren
/zwiH/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
suì
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
suì
Middle
Chinese
‹ zwijH ›
Old
Chinese
/*sə-lu[t]-s/
English advance (v.)

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1
No. 12148
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
3
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*ljuds/
Notes

Definitions[edit]

  1. comply with, follow along
  2. thereupon

Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(common “Jōyō” kanji)

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Readings[edit]


Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

‎(su) (hangeul , revised su, McCune-Reischauer su, Yale swu)

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Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(toại)

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