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Translingual[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *kaːw, *kaːws): phonetic  ‎(OC *kaːw) + semantic 

Han character[edit]

(radical 130 +10, 14 strokes, cangjie input 卜口月月 (YRBB), four-corner 00227)

  1. grease, fat
  2. paste, ointment

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 992, character 1
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 29800
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1444, character 4
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 3, page 2103, character 8
  • Unihan data for U+818F

Chinese[edit]

simp. and trad.

Pronunciation[edit]


Middle Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Character (), Pronunciation 1/2

Initial: (28)
Final: (89)
Tone: Level (Ø)

Openness: Open
Division: I
Fanqie:

Expected Mandarin reflex: gāo
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Pan
Wuyun
Shao
Rongfen
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Li
Rong
Wang
Li
Bernard
Karlgren
/kɑu/ /kɑu/ /kɑu/ /kaw/ /kɑu/ /kɑu/ /kɑu/
Character (), Pronunciation 2/2

Initial: (28)
Final: (89)
Tone: Departing (H)

Openness: Open
Division: I
Fanqie:

Expected Mandarin reflex: gào
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Pan
Wuyun
Shao
Rongfen
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Li
Rong
Wang
Li
Bernard
Karlgren
/kɑuH/ /kɑuH/ /kɑuH/ /kawH/ /kɑuH/ /kɑuH/ /kɑuH/
Old Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character Modern Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle Chinese Old Chinese English
gāo ‹ kaw › /*Cə.kˤaw/ lard (n.)
gāo ‹ kawH › /*[k]ˤaw-s/ smear with lard (v.)

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

  • Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
  • Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
  • Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
  • Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;
  • Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
3727 1 /*kaːw/
3736 1 /*kaːws/

Noun[edit]

‎(traditional and simplified, Pinyin gāo)

  1. fat, grease, oil
  2. paste, cream, ointment

Adjective[edit]

‎(traditional and simplified, Pinyin gāo)

  1. sleek
  2. oily, rich

Verb[edit]

‎(traditional and simplified, Pinyin gào)

  1. to moisten, to grease, to lubricate
  2. to apply (cream, ointment)
  3. to dip a brush in ink

Compounds[edit]

References[edit]

  • in CEDICT on MDBG
  • McNaughton, William (2005) Reading & Writing Chinese: Simplified Character Edition, 2nd Edition edition, Tuttle, ISBN 978-0804835091, page 22

Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(“Jinmeiyō” kanji used for names)

Readings[edit]

Compounds[edit]

Noun[edit]

‎(hiragana あぶら, romaji abura)

  1. oil

Synonyms[edit]


Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

‎(go) (hangeul , revised go, McCune-Reischauer ko, Yale ko)

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