Definition from Wiktionary, the free dictionary
Jump to: navigation, search
U+818F, 膏
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-818F

[U+818E]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+8190]

Translingual[edit]

Han character[edit]

(radical 130 +10, 14 strokes, cangjie input 卜口月月 (YRBB), four-corner 00227, composition)

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 992, character 1
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 29800
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1444, character 4
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 3, page 2103, character 8
  • Unihan data for U+818F

Chinese[edit]

simp. and trad.

Glyph origin[edit]

Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
kaːw
kaːw, *kaːws
kaːw
稿 kaːwʔ
kaːwʔ, *kʰaːws
kaːwʔ, *kʰaːwʔ
kaːwʔ, *kaːws
kaːwʔ
kaːwʔ
kaːwʔ
kʰaːwʔ
kʰaːwʔ, *kʰaːws, *qʰaːw
kʰaːws
qʰaːw
qʰaːws, *qʰraːw, *qʰraw
ɡaːw
ɡaːw
ɡaːw
ɡaːw
ɡaːwʔ
ɡaːwʔ, *qʰraːwɢ
ɡaːwʔ, *kʰraːw, *qʰaːwɢ
ɡaːwʔ, *qʰaːwɢ
ɡaːwʔ
kruːʔ
kʰraːw, *kʰraːws
qʰraːw
qʰraːw, *qʰraːws, *qʰaːwɢ
kʰl'awʔ
qʰraw, *qʰoːwɢ
qʰaːwɢ, *qʰraːwɢ
qʰaːwɢ, *qʰoːwɢ, *qʰoːɡ
kʰraːwɢ
kʰraːwɢ
kʰraːwɢ
qʰraːwɢ, *ɡraːwɢ, *ɡoːwɢ
qʰraːwɢ

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *kaːw, *kaːws): phonetic  (OC *kaːw) + semantic .

Pronunciation 1[edit]



Rime
Character
Reading # 1/2
Initial () (28)
Final () (89)
Tone (調) Level (Ø)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () I
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/kɑu/
Pan
Wuyun
/kɑu/
Shao
Rongfen
/kɑu/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/kaw/
Li
Rong
/kɑu/
Wang
Li
/kɑu/
Bernard
Karlgren
/kɑu/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
gāo
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/2
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
gāo
Middle
Chinese
‹ kaw ›
Old
Chinese
/*Cə.kˤaw/
English lard (n.)

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/2
No. 3727
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
1
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*kaːw/

Definitions[edit]

  1. fat; grease; oil
  2. paste; cream; ointment
  3. sleek; glossy
  4. oily; rich

Compounds[edit]

Pronunciation 2[edit]


Rime
Character
Reading # 2/2
Initial () (28)
Final () (89)
Tone (調) Departing (H)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () I
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/kɑuH/
Pan
Wuyun
/kɑuH/
Shao
Rongfen
/kɑuH/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/kawH/
Li
Rong
/kɑuH/
Wang
Li
/kɑuH/
Bernard
Karlgren
/kɑuH/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
gào
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 2/2
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
gāo
Middle
Chinese
‹ kawH ›
Old
Chinese
/*[k]ˤaw-s/
English smear with lard (v.)

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 2/2
No. 3736
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
1
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*kaːws/

Definitions[edit]

  1. to moisten; to grease; to lubricate
  2. to apply (cream, ointment)
  3. to dip a brush in ink

Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(“Jinmeiyō” kanji used for names)

Readings[edit]

Compounds[edit]

Noun[edit]

(hiragana あぶら, rōmaji abura)

  1. oil

Synonyms[edit]


Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

(go) (hangeul , McCune-Reischauer ko, Yale ko)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.