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U+818F, 膏
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-818F

[U+818E]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+8190]

Translingual[edit]

Han character[edit]

(radical 130, +10, 14 strokes, cangjie input 卜口月月 (YRBB), four-corner 00227, composition)

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 992, character 1
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 29800
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1444, character 4
  • Hanyu Da Zidian (first edition): volume 3, page 2103, character 8
  • Unihan data for U+818F

Chinese[edit]

trad.
simp. #

Glyph origin[edit]

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *kaːw, *kaːws): phonetic  (OC *kaːw) + semantic .

Pronunciation 1[edit]



Rime
Character
Reading # 1/2
Initial () (28)
Final () (89)
Tone (調) Level (Ø)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () I
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/kɑu/
Pan
Wuyun
/kɑu/
Shao
Rongfen
/kɑu/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/kaw/
Li
Rong
/kɑu/
Wang
Li
/kɑu/
Bernard
Karlgren
/kɑu/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
gāo
BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/2
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
gāo
Middle
Chinese
‹ kaw ›
Old
Chinese
/*Cə.kˁaw/
English lard (n.)

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/2
No. 3727
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
1
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*kaːw/

Definitions[edit]

  1. fat; grease; oil
  2. paste; cream; ointment; poultice
  3. sleek; glossy
  4. oily; rich

Compounds[edit]

Pronunciation 2[edit]



Rime
Character
Reading # 2/2
Initial () (28)
Final () (89)
Tone (調) Departing (H)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () I
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/kɑuH/
Pan
Wuyun
/kɑuH/
Shao
Rongfen
/kɑuH/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/kawH/
Li
Rong
/kɑuH/
Wang
Li
/kɑuH/
Bernard
Karlgren
/kɑuH/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
gào
BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 2/2
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
gāo
Middle
Chinese
‹ kawH ›
Old
Chinese
/*[k]ˁaw-s/
English smear with lard (v.)

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 2/2
No. 3736
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
1
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*kaːws/

Definitions[edit]

  1. to moisten; to grease; to lubricate
  2. to apply (cream, ointment)
  3. to dip a brush in ink

Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(“Jinmeiyō” kanji used for names)

Readings[edit]

  • On (unclassified): こう ()
  • Kun: あぶら (abura)

Compounds[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Kanji in this term
あぶら
Jinmeiyō
kun’yomi
For pronunciation and definitions of – see the following entry.
あぶら
[noun] , : oil
Alternative spellings
,
(This term, , is an alternative spelling of the above term.)

Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

(go) (hangeul , McCune–Reischauer ko, Yale ko)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.