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U+818F, 膏
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-818F

[U+818E]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+8190]

Translingual[edit]

Han character[edit]

(radical 130 +10, 14 strokes, cangjie input 卜口月月 (YRBB), four-corner 00227)

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 992, character 1
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 29800
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1444, character 4
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 3, page 2103, character 8
  • Unihan data for U+818F

Chinese[edit]

simp. and trad.

Glyph origin[edit]

Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*kaːw
*kaːw, *kaːws
*kaːw
稿 *kaːwʔ
*kaːwʔ, *kʰaːws
*kaːwʔ, *kʰaːwʔ
*kaːwʔ, *kaːws
*kaːwʔ
*kaːwʔ
*kaːwʔ
*kʰaːwʔ
*kʰaːwʔ, *kʰaːws, *qʰaːw
*kʰaːws
*qʰaːw
*qʰaːws, *qʰraːw, *qʰraw
*ɡaːw
*ɡaːw
*ɡaːw
*ɡaːw
*ɡaːwʔ
*ɡaːwʔ, *qʰraːwɢ
*ɡaːwʔ, *kʰraːw, *qʰaːwɢ
*ɡaːwʔ, *qʰaːwɢ
*ɡaːwʔ
*kruːʔ
*kʰraːw, *kʰraːws
*qʰraːw
*qʰraːw, *qʰraːws, *qʰaːwɢ
*kʰl'awʔ
*qʰraw, *qʰoːwɢ
*qʰaːwɢ, *qʰraːwɢ
*qʰaːwɢ, *qʰoːwɢ, *qʰoːɡ
*kʰraːwɢ
*kʰraːwɢ
*kʰraːwɢ
*qʰraːwɢ, *ɡraːwɢ, *ɡoːwɢ
*qʰraːwɢ

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *kaːw, *kaːws): phonetic (OC *kaːw) + semantic .

Pronunciation[edit]



Rime
Character
Reading # 1/2 2/2
Initial () (28) (28)
Final () (89) (89)
Tone (調) Level (Ø) Departing (H)
Openness (開合) Open Open
Division () I I
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/kɑu/ /kɑuH/
Pan
Wuyun
/kɑu/ /kɑuH/
Shao
Rongfen
/kɑu/ /kɑuH/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/kaw/ /kawH/
Li
Rong
/kɑu/ /kɑuH/
Wang
Li
/kɑu/ /kɑuH/
Bernard
Karlgren
/kɑu/ /kɑuH/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
gāo gào
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/2 2/2
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
gāo gāo
Middle
Chinese
‹ kaw › ‹ kawH ›
Old
Chinese
/*Cə.kˤaw/ /*[k]ˤaw-s/
English lard (n.) smear with lard (v.)

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/2 2/2
No. 3727 3736
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
1 1
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*kaːw/ /*kaːws/

Definitions[edit]

  1. fat, grease, oil
  2. paste, cream, ointment
  3. sleek
  4. oily, rich

Pronunciation[edit]

Definitions[edit]

  1. to moisten, to grease, to lubricate
  2. to apply (cream, ointment)
  3. to dip a brush in ink

Compounds[edit]

References[edit]

  • in CEDICT on MDBG
  • McNaughton, William (2005) Reading & Writing Chinese: Simplified Character Edition, 2nd Edition edition, Tuttle, ISBN 978-0804835091, page 22

Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(“Jinmeiyō” kanji used for names)

Readings[edit]

Compounds[edit]

Noun[edit]

‎(hiragana あぶら, romaji abura)

  1. oil

Synonyms[edit]


Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

‎(go) (hangeul , McCune-Reischauer ko, Yale ko)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.