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Translingual[edit]

Han character[edit]

(radical 32 +14, 17 strokes, cangjie input 土卜口人 (GYRO), four-corner 40132, composition)

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 241, character 12
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 5559
  • Dae Jaweon: page 481, character 2
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 1, page 497, character 5
  • Unihan data for U+58D5

Chinese[edit]

-
simp. and trad.

Pronunciation[edit]

Middle Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Character (壕), Pronunciation 1/1

Initial: 匣 (33)
Final: 豪
Division: I

Openness: Open
Tone: Level (Ø)

Fanqie: 胡刀切
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/ɦɑu/ /ɣɑu/ /ɣɑu/ /ɦɑu/ /ɦaw/ /ɣɑu/ /ɣɑu/
Old Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
3749 1 /*ɡaːw/ 同濠

Definitions[edit]

  1. moat, channel
  2. (military) trench
  3. (Internet slang) Alternative spelling of 土豪

Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(“Jinmeiyō” kanji used for names)

  1. moat, trench

Readings[edit]

Compounds[edit]

Japanese Wikipedia has an article on:

Wikipedia ja

Etymology 1[edit]

Kanji in this term
ごう
Jinmeiyō
on'yomi

From Middle Chinese .

Pronunciation[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Noun[edit]

‎(hiragana ごう, romaji , historical hiragana がう)

  1. moat, trench
Usage notes[edit]

濠 implies one with water, 壕 implies one without water.

Etymology 2[edit]

Kanji in this term
ほり
Jinmeiyō
kun'yomi

The 連用形 ‎(ren'yōkei, continuative or stem form) of verb 掘る ‎(horu, to dig).

Pronunciation[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Noun[edit]

‎(hiragana ほり, romaji hori)

  1. ditch, canal
  2. moat
Derived terms[edit]

References[edit]

  1. 1.0 1.1 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, ISBN 4-385-13905-9

Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

‎(ho) (hangeul , revised ho, McCune-Reischauer ho)

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Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(hào)

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