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See also:
U+89F8, 觸
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-89F8

[U+89F7]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+89F9]

Translingual[edit]

Japanese
Simplified
Traditional

Han character[edit]

(radical 148 +13, 20 strokes, cangjie input 弓月田中戈 (NBWLI), four-corner 26227, composition)

Derived characters[edit]

Descendants[edit]

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 1145, character 11
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 35181
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1611, character 30
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 6, page 3933, character 11
  • Unihan data for U+89F8

Chinese[edit]

trad.
simp.

Glyph origin[edit]

Historical forms of the character
Warring States Shuowen Jiezi (compiled in Han) Liushutong (compiled in Ming)
Bronze inscriptions Small seal script Transcribed ancient scripts
觸-bronze-warring.svg 觸-seal.svg 觸-bigseal.svg
Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*toːʔ, *toːɡs, *doːʔ, *doːɡ, *djoɡ
*toːɡs, *tuɡs, *rtoːɡ, *tjoɡ
*toːɡs
*sdoːmʔ, *tʰjoɡ
*rtoːɡ
*rtoːɡ, *toɡ
*rdoːɡ
*rdoːɡ, *zroːɡ, *djoɡ
*rdoːɡ, *tjoɡ
*sʰroːɡ
*doːɡ
*doːɡ
*doːɡ, *tjoɡ, *djoɡ
*toɡ
*toɡ
*toɡ
*doɡ
*doɡ, *tjoɡ
*tjoɡ
*tjoɡ
*tjoɡ
*tjoɡ, *djoɡ
*tjoɡ, *djoɡ
*tjoɡ, *djoɡ
*tʰjoɡ
*tʰjoɡ
*sʰlaː, *zlaːʔ, *tʰjoɡ
*djoɡ

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *tʰjoɡ): semantic  + phonetic  (OC *djoɡ).

Pronunciation[edit]


Note:
  • chhiok - literary;
  • tak - vernacular (俗).
  • Wu

    • Dialectal data
    Variety Location
    Mandarin Beijing /ʈ͡ʂʰu⁵¹/
    Harbin /ʈ͡ʂʰu²¹³/
    Tianjin /t͡sʰu⁵³/
    Jinan /ʈ͡ʂu²¹³/
    Qingdao /ʈ͡ʂʰu⁵⁵/
    Zhengzhou /ʈ͡ʂu²⁴/
    Xi'an /p͡fu²⁴/
    Xining /ʈ͡ʂv̩²⁴/
    Yinchuan /ʈ͡ʂu¹³/
    Lanzhou /p͡fu¹³/
    Ürümqi /ʈ͡ʂʰu²¹³/
    Wuhan /t͡sʰəu²¹³/
    Chengdu /t͡su³¹/
    /t͡sʰu⁵³/
    Guiyang /t͡su²¹/
    Kunming /ʈ͡ʂu³¹/
    Nanjing /ʈ͡ʂʰuʔ⁵/
    Hefei /ʈ͡ʂuəʔ⁵/
    Jin Taiyuan /t͡suəʔ²/
    Pingyao /t͡suʌʔ⁵³/
    Hohhot /t͡suəʔ⁴³/
    Wu Shanghai /t͡sʰoʔ⁵/
    Suzhou /t͡sʰoʔ⁵/
    Hangzhou /t͡sʰoʔ⁵/
    Wenzhou /t͡ɕʰo²¹³/
    Hui Shexian /t͡sʰuʔ²¹/
    Tunxi /t͡ɕʰio⁵/
    Xiang Changsha /ʈ͡ʂʰəu²⁴/
    Xiangtan /ʈ͡ʂʰəɯ²⁴/
    Gan Nanchang /t͡sʰuʔ⁵/
    Hakka Meixian /t͡sʰuk̚¹/
    Taoyuan /ʃuk̚⁵⁵/
    Cantonese Guangzhou /t͡sʰok̚⁵/
    /t͡sok̚⁵/
    Nanning /t͡sʰuk̚⁵⁵/
    Hong Kong /t͡suk̚²/
    Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /t͡sʰiɔk̚³²/
    Fuzhou (Min Dong) /t͡sʰouʔ²³/
    Jian'ou (Min Bei) /t͡sʰu²⁴/
    Shantou (Min Nan) /t͡sʰok̚²/
    Haikou (Min Nan) /sok̚⁵/

    Rime
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    Initial () (24)
    Final () (8)
    Tone (調) Checked (Ø)
    Openness (開合) Open
    Division () III
    Fanqie
    Reconstructions
    Zhengzhang
    Shangfang
    /t͡ɕʰɨok̚/
    Pan
    Wuyun
    /t͡ɕʰiok̚/
    Shao
    Rongfen
    /t͡ɕʰiok̚/
    Edwin
    Pulleyblank
    /cʰuawk̚/
    Li
    Rong
    /t͡ɕʰiok̚/
    Wang
    Li
    /t͡ɕʰĭwok̚/
    Bernard
    Karlgren
    /t͡ɕʰi̯wok̚/
    Expected
    Mandarin
    Reflex
    chu
    Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    Modern
    Beijing
    (Pinyin)
    chù
    Middle
    Chinese
    ‹ tsyhowk ›
    Old
    Chinese
    /*tʰok/
    English knock against

    Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

    * Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
    * Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
    * Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
    * Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

    * Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
    Zhengzhang system (2003)
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    No. 11838
    Phonetic
    component
    Rime
    group
    Rime
    subdivision
    0
    Corresponding
    MC rime
    Old
    Chinese
    /*tʰjoɡ/

    Definitions[edit]

    1. to touch; to come in contact with
    2. to butt; to ram; to gore
    3. to affront; to offend
    4. to stir up; to invoke; to cause
    5. A surname​.

    Compounds[edit]


    Japanese[edit]

    Shinjitai

    Kyūjitai

    Kanji[edit]

    (uncommon “Hyōgai” kanjikyūjitai kanji, shinjitai form )

    1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

    Readings[edit]


    Korean[edit]

    Hanja[edit]

    (chok) (hangeul , revised chok, McCune-Reischauer ch'ok, Yale chok)

    1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.