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Translingual[edit]

Han character[edit]

(radical 148 +13, 20 strokes, cangjie input 弓月田中戈 (NBWLI), four-corner 26227)

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 1145, character 11
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 35181
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1611, character 30
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 6, page 3933, character 11
  • Unihan data for U+89F8

Chinese[edit]

trad.
simp.

Glyph origin[edit]

Historical forms of the character
Bronze inscriptions Large seal script Small seal script
觸-bronze.svg 觸-bigseal.svg 觸-seal.svg

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *tʰjoɡ): semantic  + phonetic  ‎(OC *djoɡ).

Pronunciation[edit]



  • Dialectal data
Variety Location
Mandarin Beijing /ʈ͡ʂʰu⁵¹/
Harbin /ʈ͡ʂʰu²¹³/
Tianjin /t͡sʰu⁵³/
Jinan /ʈ͡ʂu²¹³/
Qingdao /ʈ͡ʂʰu⁵⁵/
Zhengzhou /ʈ͡ʂu²⁴/
Xi'an /p͡fu²⁴/
Xining /ʈ͡ʂv̩²⁴/
Yinchuan /ʈ͡ʂu¹³/
Lanzhou /p͡fu¹³/
Ürümqi /ʈ͡ʂʰu²¹³/
Wuhan /t͡sʰəu²¹³/
Chengdu /t͡su³¹/
/t͡sʰu⁵³/
Guiyang /t͡su²¹/
Kunming /ʈ͡ʂu³¹/
Nanjing /ʈ͡ʂʰuʔ⁵/
Hefei /ʈ͡ʂuəʔ⁵/
Jin Taiyuan /t͡suəʔ²/
Pingyao /t͡suʌʔ⁵³/
Hohhot /t͡suəʔ⁴³/
Wu Shanghai /t͡sʰoʔ⁵/
Suzhou /t͡sʰoʔ⁵/
Hangzhou /t͡sʰoʔ⁵/
Wenzhou /t͡ɕʰo²¹³/
Hui Shexian /t͡sʰuʔ²¹/
Tunxi /t͡ɕʰio⁵/
Xiang Changsha /ʈ͡ʂʰəu²⁴/
Xiangtan /ʈ͡ʂʰəɯ²⁴/
Gan Nanchang /t͡sʰuʔ⁵/
Hakka Meixian /t͡sʰuk̚¹/
Taoyuan /ʃuk̚⁵⁵/
Cantonese Guangzhou /t͡sʰok̚⁵/
/t͡sok̚⁵/
Nanning /t͡sʰuk̚⁵⁵/
Hong Kong /t͡suk̚²/
Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /t͡sʰiɔk̚³²/
Fuzhou (Min Dong) /t͡sʰouʔ²³/
Jian'ou (Min Bei) /t͡sʰu²⁴/
Shantou (Min Nan) /t͡sʰok̚²/
Haikou (Min Nan) /sok̚⁵/

Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (24)
Final () (8)
Tone (調) Checked (Ø)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/t͡ɕʰɨok̚/
Pan
Wuyun
/t͡ɕʰiok̚/
Shao
Rongfen
/t͡ɕʰiok̚/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/cʰuawk̚/
Li
Rong
/t͡ɕʰiok̚/
Wang
Li
/t͡ɕʰĭwok̚/
Bernard
Karlgren
/t͡ɕʰi̯wok̚/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
chu
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
chù
Middle
Chinese
‹ tsyhowk ›
Old
Chinese
/*tʰok/
English knock against

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1
No. 11838
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
0
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*tʰjoɡ/

Definitions[edit]

  1. to touch; to come in contact with
  2. to butt; to ram; to gore
  3. to affront; to offend
  4. to stir up; to invoke; to cause
  5. A surname​.

Compounds[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(uncommon “Hyōgai” kanjikyūjitai kanji, shinjitai form )

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Readings[edit]


Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

‎(chok) (hangeul , revised chok, McCune-Reischauer ch'ok, Yale chok)

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