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Translingual[edit]

Han character[edit]

(radical 162 +9, 13 strokes, cangjie input 卜竹十山 (YHJU), four-corner 32306)

  1. hide, to conceal oneself
  2. escape, release

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 1260, character 26
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 38982
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1750, character 28
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 6, page 3859, character 12
  • Unihan data for U+9041

Chinese[edit]

simp. and trad.

Pronunciation[edit]


Middle Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Character (), Pronunciation 1/2

Initial: (7)
Final: (55)
Tone: Rising (X)

Openness: Closed
Division: I
Fanqie:

Expected Mandarin reflex: dùn
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Pan
Wuyun
Shao
Rongfen
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Li
Rong
Wang
Li
Bernard
Karlgren
/duənX/ /duonX/ /duənX/ /dwənX/ /duənX/ /duənX/ /dʱuənX/
Character (), Pronunciation 2/2

Initial: (7)
Final: (55)
Tone: Departing (H)

Openness: Closed
Division: I
Fanqie:

Expected Mandarin reflex: dùn
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Pan
Wuyun
Shao
Rongfen
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Li
Rong
Wang
Li
Bernard
Karlgren
/duənH/ /duonH/ /duənH/ /dwənH/ /duənH/ /duənH/ /dʱuənH/
Old Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character Modern Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle Chinese Old Chinese English
dùn ‹ dwonX › /*lˤu[n]ʔ/ withdraw
dùn ‹ dwonH › /*lˤu[n]ʔ-s/ withdraw

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

  • Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
  • Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
  • Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
  • Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;
  • Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
2624 2 /*l'uːnʔ/
2625 2 /*l'uːns/

Definitions[edit]

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

Compounds[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(“Jinmeiyō” kanji used for names)

  1. escape

Readings[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Kanji in this term
のがれ
Jinmeiyō
kun'yomi

The 連用形 ‎(ren'yōkei, stem or continuative form) of verb 遁れる ‎(nogareru, to run away, to escape).[1][2]

Pronunciation[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Noun[edit]

‎(hiragana のがれ, romaji nogare)

  1. an escape, a dodge, avoidance, evasion

Usage notes[edit]

The 逃れ spelling is more common.

References[edit]

  1. ^ 1988, 国語大辞典(新装版) (Kokugo Dai Jiten, Revised Edition) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Shogakukan
  2. 2.0 2.1 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, ISBN 4-385-13905-9

Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

‎(dun, don) (hangeul , , revised dun, don, McCune-Reischauer tun, ton, Yale twun, ton)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.