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Translingual[edit]

Han character[edit]

(radical 64 +10, 13 strokes, cangjie input 手口月金 (QRBC), four-corner 56086, composition)

  1. diminish
  2. impair
  3. injure
  4. to damage
  5. 41st hexagram of the I Ching

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 446, character 6
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 12459
  • Dae Jaweon: page 796, character 27
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 3, page 1931, character 10
  • Unihan data for U+640D

Chinese[edit]

trad.
simp.

Pronunciation[edit]


Middle Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Character (), Pronunciation 1/1

Initial: (16)
Final: (55)
Tone: Rising (X)

Openness: Closed
Division: I
Fanqie:

Expected Mandarin reflex: sǔn
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Pan
Wuyun
Shao
Rongfen
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Li
Rong
Wang
Li
Bernard
Karlgren
/suənX/ /suonX/ /suənX/ /swənX/ /suənX/ /suənX/ /suənX/
Old Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character Modern Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle Chinese Old Chinese English
sǔn ‹ swonX › /*[s-q]ʷˤə[n]ʔ/ diminish, damage

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

  • Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
  • Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
  • Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
  • Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;
  • Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
16202 2 /*sqʰuːnʔ/

Definitions[edit]

  1. to damage
  2. to lose
    /   ―  sǔnshī  ―  to lose

Derived terms[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(grade 5 “Kyōiku” kanji)

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Readings[edit]


Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

‎(son) (hangeul , revised son, McCune-Reischauer son, Yale son)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.

Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(tốn, tổn, tủn, vin, tỏn)

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